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Erokhin, M.N., Russian State Agrarian Univ., Chupyatov, N.N.. Agricultural Machinery and Technologies, 2073-7599. 2014. Russian.

Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

protective coatings; sistemas hidraulicos; chromium; enduit protecteur; chrome; equipo de la explotacion agraria; revestimiento de proteccion; cromo; russian federation; federation de russie; materiel agricole; farm equipment; precipitacion quimica; systeme hydraulique; precipitation chimique; temperature; hydraulic systems; temperatura; chemical precipitation; federacion de rusia

Abstract :

Researches are directed to increase the endurance of hydraulic systems of agricultural machinery by creation on working surfaces of thin films with the predetermined physical, chemical and mechanical properties. Evaluated was feasibility of a method of chemical vapor deposition for friction surfaces modifying. It has been found that as the main reactant it is advisable to use chromium hexacarb ...

Egorov, V.G., Leonova, E.V., Moscow Research and Development Inst. of Agriculture Nemchinovka, Izmajlov, A.Yu., Lichman, G.I., All-Russia Research and Development Inst. of Mechanization of Agriculture. Agricultural Machinery and Technologies, 2073-7599. 2014. Russian.

Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

systeme de positionnement global; moissonneuse batteuse; materiel d'entretien des cultures; maquinaria de cultivo; cultivos de grano; agricultura de precision; grain crops; russian federation; federation de russie; precision agriculture; sistema de posicionamiento global; combine harvesters; segadoras-trilladoras; agriculture de precision; global positioning systems; federacion de rusia; plante a grains; cultivation equipment

Abstract :

Irregularity in the nutrients distribution in the soil predetermines different productivity even within one field. The differentiated application of fertilizers and the plants protection products (PPP) that is provided by precision technologies of crop cultivation allows eliminating this defect. According to long-term (1996-2011) researches of Moscow Research Institute of Agriculture Nemchinov ...

Ivanov, A.I., Agrophysics Research and Development Inst., Konashenkov, A.A.. Agricultural Machinery and Technologies, 2073-7599. 2014. Russian.

Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

aplicacion de abonos; cultivos; rendement des cultures; turba; rotation culturale; engrais compose; crops; russian federation; agricultura de precision; compound fertilizers; federation de russie; fertilizer application; crop yield; abonos compuestos; plante de culture; precision agriculture; fertilisation; crop rotation; agriculture de precision; peat; rendimiento de cultivos; federacion de rusia; rotacion de cultivos; tourbe

Abstract :

The purpose of researches is to increase the plant efficiency by means of the maximum differentiation of soils at their melioration, cultivating and fertilizing. The regularities of adaptive responds of plants to natural and anthropogenous (technological) factors during the landscape field experiment carried out in the Pskov region, which is a multi-year stationary field experiment. There has ...

Mazitov, N.K., Tatarstan Research and Development Inst. of Agriculture, Lobachevskij, Ya.P., All-Russia Research and Development Inst. of Mechanization of Agriculture, Sharafiev, L.Z., Rakhimov, I.R.. Agricultural Machinery and Technologies, 2073-7599. 2014. Russian.

Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

efficacite; maquinaria de labranza; tillage equipment; materiel de travail du sol; siembra; crops; contenido de agua en el suelo; secheresse; tillage; sequia; plante de culture; teneur en eau du sol; conservation des ressources; efficiency; cultivos; eficacia; russian federation; resource conservation; federation de russie; ensemencement; labranza; travail du sol; drought; sowing; conservacion de los recursos; soil water content; federacion de rusia

Abstract :

Foreign wide-level tillagers applied now have a number of shortcomings when the work operation on the fields in Russia. They can't operate on a stubble field, and also under conditions of drought. Depreciation charges at their application make to 40 percents of grain cost. Researches are oriented on development of the domestic machinery working in the drought conditions. The main requirement i ...

Lobachevskij, Ya.P., Sidorov, S.A., Mironov, D.A., Khoroshenkov, V.K., All-Russia Research and Development Inst. of Mechanization of Agriculture, Vajnerman, A.E., Pichuzhkin, S.A., Golosienko, S.A., Chernobaev, S.P., Yurkov, M.A.. Agricultural Machinery and Technologies, 2073-7599. 2014. Russian.

Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

protective coatings; hierro; enduit protecteur; powders; maquinaria de labranza; tillage equipment; materiel de travail du sol; revestimiento de proteccion; russian federation; federation de russie; polvos (formulaciones); reparation; poudre; fer; repairing; iron; reparacion; element de materiel; federacion de rusia; equipment parts; elementos de maquinaria

Abstract :

A wearproof covering was created. Alloying materials in the form of the paste on the basis of iron, which is a mix of powders and a binding component, were developed. It is showed that there is up to 2.4% of carbon, 15-20% of chrome, 2% of nickel, up to 1% of boron and up to 1.5% of the titanium in composition. The alloying materials were built up on 9-14 mm thick carbon steels by the argon-ar ...

Godzhaev, Z.A., Rusanov, A.V., All-Russia Research and Development Inst. of Mechanization of Agriculture, Pryadkin, V.I.. Agricultural Machinery and Technologies, 2073-7599. 2014. Russian.

Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

orugas; moteur; motores; chenille de vehicule; equipo de la explotacion agraria; russian federation; federation de russie; gestion du sol; materiel agricole; tracks; compactacion del suelo; farm equipment; environment; soil management; engines; medio ambiente; environnement; compactage du sol; soil compaction; manejo del suelo; federacion de rusia

Abstract :

The ways of mobile wheel machinery effectiveness increasing were defined to ensure ecological safety of "mechanized units – environment – yield" system. An environmental problem of fertile soils overconsolidation by agricultural machines was characterized. Thus, the soil density of the Kuban blackearth during wheel tractors passing increases from 1.1-1.3 g/cm3 to 1.4-1.6 g/cm3 that leads to a ...

Izmajlov, A.Yu., Smirnov, I.G., Аrtyushin, А.А., Khort, D.O., Filippov, R.A., All-Russia Research and Development Inst. of Mechanization of Agriculture. Agricultural Machinery and Technologies, 2073-7599. 2014. Russian.

Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

experimentation au champ; databases; equipo de la explotacion agraria; field experimentation; sistemas inteligentes; russian federation; federation de russie; materiel agricole; gestion; bases de datos; banque de donnees; experimentacion en campo; horticulture; farm equipment; systeme base sur la connaissance; horticultura; management; knowledge based systems; federacion de rusia

Abstract :

A current state of technical support of gardening in Russian Federation has been analyzed. It is noted that the existing domestic machines are not competitive in gardening production. Since 2012 The All-Russian Research and Development Institute of Mechanization of Agriculture created seven prototypes of the specialized machines of a high technological level, meeting the requirements of modern ...

Liskin, I.V., Mironov, D.A., Sidorov, S.A., All-Russia Research and Development Inst. of Mechanization of Agriculture. Agricultural Machinery and Technologies, 2073-7599. 2014. Russian.

Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

fuerza de traccion; esfuerzo del suelo; soc; caracteristicas de la maquinaria; equipment characteristics; russian federation; federation de russie; effort de traction; ploughshares; tractive effort; arados de rejas; resistance mecanique du sol; compactacion del suelo; caracteristique du materiel; fiabilidad de la maquinaria; element de materiel; compactage du sol; soil compaction; soil strength; federacion de rusia; fiabilite du materiel; equipment parts; elementos de maquinaria; equipment reliability

Abstract :

Critical parameters of an edge and a nose of a ploughshare were determined. Load of the edge in a zone of a nose is 3-7 times bigger, than in a ploughshare skeleton zone. All main load factors having impact on stability of a plow in the longitudinal and vertical plane were considered. The plow weight, vertical component of tractive force, resultant of soil pressure forces on a plow-bottom and ...

Izmajlov, A.Yu., Lobachevskij, Ya.P., Sidorov, S.A., Khoroshenkov, V.K., All-Russia Research and Development Inst. of Mechanization of Agriculture, Zajtsev, A.I., Rodionova, I.G., Amezhnov, A.V., Central Research and Development Inst. of Ferrous Metallurgy. Agricultural Machinery and Technologies, 2073-7599. 2014. Russian.

Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

technologie; corrosion; metales; equipo de la explotacion agraria; metal; metals; technology; russian federation; federation de russie; materiel agricole; farm equipment; tecnologia; federacion de rusia

Abstract :

The use of bimetallic materials with the cladding intended for direct contact with hostile environment, for example with fertilizers, to increase the corrosion resistance of agricultural machines' details is promising. Application of such material expands service life of worn details by 3-5 times while the increase in their cost is insignificant. The goal of research is creating the steel with ...

Zhuk, A.V., All-Russia Research and Development Inst. of Mechanization of Agriculture. Agricultural Machinery and Technologies, 2073-7599. 2014. Russian.

Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

abandoned land; ripping (tillage); depense energetique; terre abandonnee; subsoladores; russian federation; energy expenditure; federation de russie; subsoilers; sous soleuse; dent d'outil; compactacion del suelo; depth; tines; profondeur; tierras abandonadas; profundidad; vibrocultivadores; gasto energetico; compactage du sol; soil compaction; federacion de rusia

Abstract :

Old land chiselling is necessary during neglected fields' introduction into agricultural use and once in 3-5 years. With a depth exceeding critical (32-36 cm), the section area of the loosened strip increases slightly, thus energy consumption significantly increases, and the coefficient of loosening completeness decreases. During graded tillage when the top layer is cultivated first, critical ...

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