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Fernandes, Erick C.M., Soliman, Ayat, Confalonieri, Roberto, Donatelli, Marcello, Tubiello, Francesco. 2012-01; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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estimates of climate change; climate scenarios; agricultural emissions; extreme weather; fertilization effect; crops; farm; crop simulations; economic impacts of climate change; climate variability; carbon intensity; climate; wind; climate changes; crop growth; climate agreement; climatic stimuli; impact of climate; wheat; soil carbon; atmosphere; carbon fertilization; agricultural prices; precipitation; maximum temperature; solar radiation; crop types; crop water requirements; climate risk; sowing; climate change; agricultural productivity; negative impacts; climate change impacts; grain; chemistry; food prices; climate variables; rainfall patterns; direct impacts of climate change; agricultural management; climate-change; ch4; convention on climate change; emission scenarios; crop water; climate regimes; climatic variables; rice crop; clouds; regional climate; crop models; maize yields; carbon sequestration; rainy season; degree days; attainable yields; farming households; weather conditions; emissions; water vapor; climate-change impacts; mean temperature; crop; temperature increases; climatic disasters; agricultural production; evapotranspiration; rainfall; pathogens; impact of climate change; crop performance; drainage; frost; climate data; maize crop; crop modeling; atmospheric carbon; negative impacts of climate change; cereal crops; atmospheric carbon dioxide; agroclimatology; global food supply; climate forecasts; high temperatures; global warming; greenhouse; fertilization; subsistence crops; global food; soil chemistry; tropics; minimum temperature; climate-change scenario; soybean; climate impacts; fertilizer; crop productivity; crop pests; agricultural value; agricultural producers; low-carbon; extreme temperatures; crop yield; land-surface; greenhouse effect; gcm; crop suitability; fao; agricultural production systems; temperature anomalies; climate regime; carbon dioxide; ecosystem; sea ice; rice; soils; irrigation water; climate change scenarios; cropping; greenhouse gases; surface air temperature; greenhouse gas; tropical crops; increase in temperature; extreme weather events; photosynthesis; sugar cane; rainfall conditions; gases; agriculture; crop cycle length; greenhouse gas emission; air; n2o; rainfall distribution; crop production; climate models; general circulation model; rice yields; agricultural sector; nitrogen; emission scenario; nitrous oxide; crop cycle; food security; economic impacts of climate; global warming potential; future climate change; co2; land degradation; agricultural activity; farming; crop calendars; enzymes; desertification; gwp; climate change scenario; carbon; impacts of climate change; energy sources; crop distribution; crop development; land cover change; greenhouse gas emissions; fertilizers; maize; surface temperature; emissions scenarios; deforestation; atmospheric concentration; wind speed; planting; land use; ghg; temperature growth; adaptation by farmers; regional climate change; drought; crop species; methane; national climate; warm climates; rainfall events; colors; hurricanes; effect of climate change; surface rainfall; intergovernmental panel on climate change; rice blast disease; climate-change scenarios; forests; rain; climate change projections; biomass; dates; greenhouse gas emissions reductions; surface air; rainfall runoff; agricultural impacts; surface temperature change; rice production; impacts on crop yields; baseline climatology; temperature change; attainable yield; meteorological data; relative humidity; crop yield changes; farmers; climate projections; climates; ipcc; atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration; climatic change; radiation; global climate; climate database; floods; temperatures; soil physics; physics; extreme events; temperature data

Abstract :

The impacts of climate change on agriculture are projected to be significant in coming decades, so response strategies, and their likely costs, should be evaluated now. That is why this study produced an open-access, crop-climate-economic impact modeling platform for Latin America and the Caribbean, that can be extended to other regions, then modified and improved by users as new crop, ...

World Bank. 2014; Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Other

Agrovoc Terms :

soils; poor farmers; crop insurance scheme; allocation; international reinsurance; oilseed crops; insurance system; underwriting standards; underwriting; basis risk; inspections; crops; insurance portfolio; oilseeds; farm; grain production; cotton; climate; policyholders; economic growth; spring; crop failure; farms; agriculture; crop insurance product; agricultural crop production; crop production; multiple peril crop insurance; crop loss; crop insurance premium; single crop; financial performance; agricultural sector; agricultural risk; coinsurance; financial challenges; insurance reserves; compulsory insurance; disasters; production systems; agribusiness; crop season; food security; regulatory framework; sowing; farmer associations; coverage; financial institutions; crop type; insurance pools; group insurance; agricultural insurance; life insurance companies; risk assessment; grain; income; seed; non-life insurance; insurance company; grazing; production costs; solvency; salvage; economic theory; horticultural crops; reinsurers; crop area; insurance law; capital requirements; total cost; fruit crops; actual yields; crop insurance program; crop husbandry; insurance association; level playing field; wheat prices; crop losses; risk management; insurance cover; marginal farmers; loss ratio; proportional reinsurance; yields; agricultural insurance scheme; livestock grazing; aquaculture; private insurance; commodity; innovation; average annual rainfall; crop; grains; insurance policies; moral hazard; programs; family farms; annual crops; reinsurance; crop damage; excess of loss reinsurance; small farmer; average yields; insurance premium rates; grain crops; husbandry; insurance associations; livestock insurance; field crops; uncertainties; extreme drought; crop production systems; insurance sector; insurers; climatic conditions; reinsurance markets; cooperatives; agricultural insurance schemes; financial data; preliminary estimates; crop yields; indemnity; grain farming; scenarios; crop insurance; financial loss; premiums; food crops; financial support; risk transfer; insurance regulator; growing season; financial contributions; insurance policy; reinsurance agreement; layering; small farmers; insurance market; applications; crop output; insurance industry; agricultural products; portfolio; crop risk; solvency requirements; agricultural producers; agricultural insurance system; exchange rate; spring wheat; feasibility; insurance claims; catastrophe risk financing; compensation; reinsurance contract; crop yield; commercial farmers; commercial insurance; meat; cereals; yield loss; policy makers; mutual insurance companies; fao; private insurance companies; savings; quota share reinsurance; agents; stop loss reinsurance; catastrophe reinsurance; caps; insurance products

Abstract :

Agriculture is a very important socioeconomic sector in Kazakhstan. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan (GRK) introduced a national compulsory crop insurance scheme in 2005 in order to provide grain producers and other farmers with a minimum level of protection against catastrophic climatic events. The overall objective of the current study is to assist the GRK in improving the ...

World Bank. 2014; Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Other

Agrovoc Terms :

soils; poor farmers; crop insurance scheme; allocation; international reinsurance; oilseed crops; insurance system; underwriting standards; underwriting; basis risk; inspections; crops; oilseeds; farm; cotton; climate; policyholders; economic growth; spring; cost of reinsurance; crop failure; farms; agriculture; crop insurance product; agricultural crop production; crop production; crop loss; crop insurance premium; single crop; financial performance; agricultural risk; coinsurance; financial challenges; insurance reserves; compulsory insurance; disasters; production systems; agribusiness; crop season; food security; regulatory framework; sowing; farmer associations; coverage; insurance contract; financial institutions; farmer; agriculture sector; insurance pools; group insurance; agricultural insurance; life insurance companies; risk assessment; grain; income; seed; non-life insurance; insurance company; grazing; production costs; solvency; salvage; economic theory; horticultural crops; reinsurers; crop area; agricultural activities; capital requirements; total cost; fruit crops; actual yields; crop insurance program; crop husbandry; level playing field; crop losses; risk management; insurance cover; marginal farmers; loss ratio; proportional reinsurance; yields; agricultural insurance scheme; livestock grazing; aquaculture; private insurance; commodity; innovation; average annual rainfall; crop; grains; insurance policies; moral hazard; programs; family farms; annual crops; reinsurance; crop damage; excess of loss reinsurance; small farmer; average yields; insurance premium rates; grain crops; husbandry; insurance associations; livestock insurance; field crops; uncertainties; transaction costs; extreme drought; crop production systems; insurance sector; insurers; climatic conditions; reinsurance markets; cooperatives; agricultural insurance schemes; financial data; preliminary estimates; nonproportional reinsurance; labor force; vegetation; crop yields; indemnity; grain farming; scenarios; crop insurance; financial loss; food crops; financial support; risk transfer; insurance regulator; growing season; financial contributions; insurance policy; reinsurance agreement; layering; small farmers; insurance market; crop output; insurance industry; agricultural products; portfolio; crop risk; solvency requirements; agricultural producers; agricultural insurance system; exchange rate; spring wheat; feasibility; insurance claims; catastrophe risk financing; compensation; crop yield; commercial farmers; commercial insurance; meat; cereals; yield loss; policy makers; mutual insurance companies; fisheries; private insurance companies; savings; agents; catastrophe reinsurance; insurance premiums; insurance product; caps; insurance products

Abstract :

Agriculture is a very important socioeconomic sector in Kazakhstan. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan (GRK) introduced a national compulsory crop insurance scheme in 2005 in order to provide grain producers and other farmers with a minimum level of protection against catastrophic climatic events. The overall objective of the current study is to assist the GRK in improving the ...

Sutton, William R., Srivastava, Jitendra P., Neumann, James E., Strzępek, Kenneth M., Boehlert, Brent B.. 2013-10-03; Washington, DC: World Bank.

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Agrovoc Terms :

greenhouse gases; floods; impact of climate change; vulnerability to climate change; sustainable development; climate variability; pollution; trees; polyethylene; acid rain; greenhouse gas emission reductions; crop losses; quantitative analysis; agricultural production; crops; climate impact; soil type; diseases; climatic changes; crop varieties; climate scenarios; wheat; evaporation; poverty reduction; wind; forest; pests; agricultural practices; impact assessment; grain; soil degradation; european commission; effect of climate change; average yield; colors; extension agents; precipitation; fruits; meteorological information; farming; agricultural markets; carbon dioxide concentrations; agriculture; framework convention on climate change; cost analysis; agricultural extension service; agronomists; winter wheat; forests; summer temperature; climate change impact; ifpri; temperature increases; crop production; maize yields; climate change adaptation; climate conditions; resilience to climate change; climate; resistant varieties; goats; rural development; united nations; general circulation model; international center for agricultural research in the dry areas; temperature increase; negative impact; green houses; farmland; agricultural research centers; erosion control; crop; acid; agricultural systems; extreme weather events; cattle; capacity building; climate data; seeds; agricultural research institutes; overgrazing; cereals; agricultural experts; high-yield crop varieties; soil conservation; intergovernmental panel on climate change; seed varieties; land degradation; meteorological data; soil erosion; greenhouse gas mitigation; extreme heat events; climate change impacts; undp; agricultural research; high temperature; international food policy research institute; agricultural products; crop rotations; vegetables; extreme heat; agricultural productivity; carbon dioxide; increase in temperature; fertilization; river basins; rural economies; icarda; moisture index; agriculture organization; agricultural land; gcm; yield losses; future climate change; fao; drought; forestry; consultative group on international agricultural research; annual precipitation; climate change analysis; greenhouse gas emission; vegetable production; sunshine; extreme events; united nations development programme; ecological zones; crop growth; risks of climate change; lower rainfall; water resources; extreme weather; temperatures; frost; carbon; economics of adaptation to climate change; season; animals; agricultural education; average yields; climate changes; effect of temperature; greenhouse gas emissions; farms; crop residues; livestock; greenhouse; crop yield; irrigation; world food supply; co2; agronomic practices; maize; crop yields; poverty rates; soils; temperature change; plant growth; temperature stress; irrigation systems; rural development strategies; agricultural extension; climate resilience; crop damage; climate adaptation; agricultural crop; climate change scenarios; agricultural area; water use efficiency; climate change; greenhouse gas; ford foundation; high yields; plant breeding; rockefeller foundation; agricultural policies; evapotranspiration; implications of climate change; wheat yields; crop areas; green revolution; cereal crops; rain; crop management; impacts of climate change; farmers; rural population; assessment of climate risks; scientist; climate hazard; roots; impact of climate; deforestation; gis; water quality; agricultural policy; climate impacts; altitude; extension agency; temperature; climate change impact assessment; forest ecosystems; pesticides; temperature changes; hail; rainfall; soil moisture; agricultural economy; ipcc; food security; cultivated land; climate hazards; sheep; drip irrigation; climate scenario

Abstract :

Agricultural production is inextricably tied to climate, making agriculture one of the most climate-sensitive of all economic sectors. In countries such as the Former Yugoslav Republic (FYR) of Macedonia, the risks of climate change for the agricultural sector are a particularly immediate and important problem because the majority of the rural population depends either directly or indirectly o ...

Sutton, William R., Srivastava, Jitendra P., Neumann, James E., Iglesias, Ana, Boehlert, Brent B.. 2013-10-03; Washington, DC: World Bank.

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greenhouse gases; floods; climate forecasts; impact of climate change; vulnerability to climate change; sustainable development; agricultural research community; climate variability; agricultural producers; beef; agriculture policies; climate modeling; greenhouse gas emission reductions; quantitative analysis; agricultural production; crops; climate impact; soil type; diseases; climatic changes; crop rotation; crop varieties; rainfall events; climate scenarios; wheat; evaporation; poverty reduction; forest; pests; large farms; impact assessment; grain; european commission; effect of climate change; average yield; colors; beef cattle; extension agents; precipitation; fruits; meteorological information; farming; agricultural markets; vegetable crop; agriculture; extension agency; climate science; agricultural inputs; harvesting rainwater; cropping; response to climate change; agronomists; winter wheat; forests; summer temperature; climate change impact; ifpri; temperature increases; crop production; climate change adaptation; storms; climate conditions; animal production; resilience to climate change; climate; resistant varieties; goats; rural development; united nations; climate hazard; general circulation model; international center for agricultural research in the dry areas; temperature increase; negative impact; conservation tillage; crop; agricultural systems; extreme weather events; agricultural input; extreme temperature; capacity building; climate data; seeds; cereals; agricultural market; climate events; agricultural experts; high-yield crop varieties; soil conservation; intergovernmental panel on climate change; seed varieties; winter temperatures; soil erosion; greenhouse gas mitigation; extreme heat events; climate change impacts; undp; agricultural research; agricultural growth; international food policy research institute; agricultural products; vegetables; extreme heat; agricultural productivity; temperature fluctuations; carbon dioxide; harvest; fertilization; river basins; rural economies; icarda; moisture index; agriculture organization; agricultural land; gcm; yield losses; future climate change; fao; drought; annual precipitation; forestry; greenhouse gas emission; vegetable production; extreme events; united nations development programme; ecological zones; risks of climate change; lower rainfall; extreme weather; temperatures; frost; carbon; economics of adaptation to climate change; plant protection; season; farming systems; climate model; emissions scenario; effect of temperature; greenhouse gas emissions; farms; livestock; greenhouse; crop yield; climate changes; irrigation; world food supply; co2; agronomic practices; water resources; maize; crop yields; agricultural research institutes; seedlings; plant growth; emissions scenarios; irrigation systems; agricultural technology; climate resilience; crop damage; climate adaptation; agricultural crop; climate change scenarios; soils; water use efficiency; climate change; greenhouse gas; climate variables; severe weather; ford foundation; high yields; ghg; plant breeding; rockefeller foundation; agricultural policies; evapotranspiration; implications of climate change; emission scenario; crop areas; climate effects; green revolution; bean; rain; impacts of climate change; farmers; rural population; fertilizers; meteorology; assessment of climate risks; rainwater; impact of climate; gis; water quality; climate impacts; temperature; natural resources; climate change impact assessment; pesticides; temperature changes; sheep; hail; climate temperatures; rainfall; low rainfall; soil moisture; future climate scenarios; agricultural economy; ipcc; crop insurance; orchards; food security; climate hazards; drip irrigation; climate scenario

Abstract :

Changes in climate and their impact on agricultural systems and rural economies are already evident throughout Europe and Central Asia (ECA). Adaptation measures now in use in Moldova, largely piecemeal efforts, will be insufficient to prevent impacts on agricultural production over the coming decades. There is growing interest at country and development partner levels to have a better underst ...

Sutton, William R., Srivastava, Jitendra P., Neumann, James E., Droogers, Peter, Boehlert, Brent B.. 2013-10-03; Washington, DC: World Bank.

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Agrovoc Terms :

agricultural enterprises; greenhouse gases; impact of climate change; vulnerability to climate change; sustainable development; climate variability; agricultural producers; beef; freeze; vegetable crops; greenhouse gas emission reductions; quantitative analysis; alternative energy; agricultural viability; crops; climate impact; soil type; diseases; climatic changes; crop rotation; crop varieties; rainfall events; climate scenarios; wheat; evaporation; poverty reduction; wind; agricultural practices; impact assessment; commodities; cotton; effect of climate change; average yield; colors; beef cattle; fresh fruit; extension agents; precipitation; fruits; farming; vegetable crop; agriculture; extension agency; framework convention on climate change; cropping; climate change scenario; cost analysis; food crops; agricultural extension service; agronomists; summer temperature; climate change impact; ifpri; temperature increases; crop production; agricultural areas; air pollution; climate conditions; climate; resistant varieties; potatoes; goats; agricultural production; rural development; united nations; general circulation model; cgiar; international center for agricultural research in the dry areas; forecast temperature; temperature increase; negative impact; farmland; crop; agricultural systems; potato; extreme weather events; extreme temperature; capacity building; winter wheat; climate data; crop diversity; seeds; overgrazing; cereals; leaching; agricultural experts; soil conservation; intergovernmental panel on climate change; seed varieties; land degradation; meteorological data; soil erosion; greenhouse gas mitigation; extreme heat events; climate change impacts; undp; agricultural research; international food policy research institute; crop diversification; agricultural products; crop rotations; vegetables; extreme heat; agricultural productivity; technology transfer; carbon dioxide; increase in temperature; scientific research; fertilization; river basins; rural economies; icarda; moisture index; agriculture organization; salinization; agricultural land; gcm; yield losses; future climate change; fao; drought; consultative group on international agricultural research; annual precipitation; climate change analysis; water resources management; forestry; greenhouse gas emission; vegetable production; poultry; united nations development programme; ecological zones; arable land; extreme weather; temperatures; carbon; economics of adaptation to climate change; season; climate changes; effect of temperature; greenhouse gas emissions; water erosion; negative impacts; farms; livestock; greenhouse; crop yield; cotton production; irrigation; world food supply; co2; agronomic practices; water resources; crop yields; commodity crops; air; agricultural system; soils; plant growth; temperature stress; energy sources; agricultural extension; climate resilience; crop damage; climate adaptation; agricultural crop; climate change scenarios; water use efficiency; climate change; greenhouse gas; ford foundation; agricultural markets; wind erosion; plant breeding; rockefeller foundation; agricultural policies; evapotranspiration; wheat yields; greenhouse conditions; crop areas; soil fertility; green revolution; grain; impacts of climate change; agricultural pests; farmers; rural population; threat of climate change; risks of climate change; climate hazard; impact of climate; gis; agricultural productivity research; climate impacts; temperature; climate change impact assessment; cgiar centers; temperature changes; sheep; rainfall; climate change adaptation; soil moisture; agricultural economy; ipcc; biogas; hail; crop insurance; livestock feed; orchards; food security; climate hazards; drip irrigation; climate scenario; cultivated lands

Abstract :

Agricultural production is inextricably tied to climate, making agriculture one of the most climate-sensitive of all economic sectors. In countries such as Uzbekistan, the risks of climate change for the agricultural sector are a particularly immediate and important problem because the majority of the rural population depends either directly or indirectly on agriculture for their livelihoods. ...

World Bank. 2008-07-01; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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rice areas; species; farming activities; national emissions; agricultural extension; dry season; crops; farm; flooding; potassium; ecosystems; climate; wind; crop growth; private sector; ammonium; atmosphere; harvesting; seed treatment; soil fertility; precipitation; solar radiation; global n fertilizer consumption; degradation; agricultural inputs; grain yield; surface waters; plant breeding; sowing; watershed; climate change; farmer; plantations; alternative crops; agricultural productivity; negative impacts; grain; hectares of land; seed; convergence; production gains; forest fires; farm size; organic waste; land management; acidity; animals; southern oscillation index; ammonia; tillage; nitrogen fertilizer; meteorology; production method; climatology; incubation; fertiliser; dry seasons; crop water; flood mitigation; ammonium sulfate; hydrological cycle; tin; fish; swamp; carbon sequestration; availability of rice; transplanting; aquaculture; commodity; sulfur; innovation; erosion; wetland; crop; rice research; agricultural production; crop diversification; cereal yields; produce; monsoons; farm incomes; hydrology; rainfall; plant protection; fertilizer subsidies; potential rice yields; conservation areas; crop science; drainage; frost; altitude; trees; soil characteristics; wetland area; food production; harvests; germplasm; global warming; straw; impact of irrigation; vegetation; forage grasses; greenhouse; fertilization; agricultural lands; replanting; food crops; organic matter; rice prices; paddy; growing season; potassium fertilizers; small farmers; temperature; soybean; fertilizer; laboratories; livestock; sea level rise; reservoir; crop residues; weeds; pesticides; horticulture; yield loss; evaporation; fisheries; adaptation in agriculture; fao; extension services; sandy soils; carbon dioxide; rice; geophysics; agricultural use; irri; soils; water scarcity; irrigation water; atmospheric circulation; water resources; cropping; rice price; zinc; production methods; fossil fuel; greenhouse gases; groundnut; grain production; greenhouse gas; green revolution; photosynthesis; land resources; groundwater sources; crop failure; farms; agriculture; agricultural uses; pest control; rice cultivation; classification; rainfall distribution; land area; crop production; reservoirs; loss in yield; rice yields; phosphorus content; agricultural sector; nitrogen; climate variation; food crop; nutrition; groundwater; food security; grasses; land degradation; cassava; farming; river; agriculture sector; equipment; metabolism; soil erosion; rice trade; grazing; forestry; water supply; phosphorus; food aid; carbon; crop area; demand for food; potential yields; diseases; upland areas; nutrients; fertilizers; ngos; pests; maize; universities; oscillations; human activity; cropping seasons; deforestation; farm management; boron; land use; animal production; ghg; mosquito; drought; dry periods; methane emissions; methane; farmer response; tree species; average yields; colors; rural development; winds; precipitation patterns; oceans; emissions reduction; fertilizer use; ghgs; additives; climatic conditions; cooperatives; corn; dates; runoff; emission; crop yields; fertilizer subsidy; food crop management; copper; agricultural land; rice fields; intensive cropping; rice production; conservation; natural resources; farmers; housing; pest management; climates; native plants; urea; land development; humidity; agricultural supplies; framework convention on climate change; forest; preservation; floods; specific humidity; construction; sugarcane; continuous cropping; agricultural research

Abstract :

There is increasing interest in climate change issues in Indonesia particularly in the lead-up to the COP13 or Copenhagen meeting in Bali in December 2007 when there was renewed focus on Indonesia as the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the world due to deforestation, peat-land degradation, and forest fires. In Indonesia, the agriculture sector employs the largest shar ...

Sutton, William R., Srivastava, Jitendra P., Neumann, James E., Strzępek, Kenneth M., Droogers, Peter. 2013-10-03; Washington, DC: World Bank.

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Agrovoc Terms :

greenhouse gases; watershed; floods; climate forecasts; impact of climate change; vulnerability to climate change; sustainable development; climate variability; beef; trees; storm surge; climate modeling; greenhouse gas emission reductions; quantitative analysis; agricultural production; crops; climate impact; soil type; dairy cows; diseases; climatic changes; agricultural information; rainfall events; climate scenarios; wheat; evaporation; poverty reduction; pests; impact assessment; soil degradation; effect of climate change; average yield; sea level rise; colors; beef cattle; fresh fruit; extension agents; precipitation; extreme precipitation; land use; fruits; meteorological information; farming; agricultural markets; vegetable crop; carbon dioxide concentrations; agriculture; extension agency; climate science; cropping; cost analysis; agricultural extension service; agronomists; winter wheat; summer temperature; climate change impact; ifpri; temperature increases; crop production; climate change adaptation; climate conditions; resilience to climate change; climate; goats; rural development; united nations; general circulation model; international center for agricultural research in the dry areas; temperature increase; farmland; crop; agricultural systems; extreme weather events; extreme temperature; capacity building; climate data; seeds; overgrazing; cereals; agricultural experts; high-yield crop varieties; soil conservation; intergovernmental panel on climate change; seed varieties; meteorological data; winter temperatures; soil erosion; greenhouse gas mitigation; convention on climate change; extreme heat events; climate change impacts; undp; agricultural research; agricultural products; vegetables; extreme heat; agricultural productivity; technology transfer; crop varieties; carbon dioxide; increase in temperature; scientific research; fertilization; rural economies; icarda; moisture index; agriculture organization; agricultural land; gcm; livestock products; yield losses; future climate change; fao; drought; annual precipitation; climate change analysis; forestry; forests; greenhouse gas emission; vegetable production; climate stresses; extreme events; united nations development programme; ecological zones; risks of climate change; water resources; extreme weather; temperatures; carbon; economics of adaptation to climate change; season; climate model; climate changes; emissions scenario; effect of temperature; greenhouse gas emissions; agribusiness; farms; livestock; greenhouse; crop yield; irrigation; world food supply; co2; agronomic practices; maize; crop yields; agricultural research institutes; soils; plant growth; temperature stress; emissions scenarios; irrigation systems; agricultural extension; climate resilience; electricity; climate adaptation; agricultural crop; climate change scenarios; water use efficiency; climate change; greenhouse gas; climate variables; wheat yields; ford foundation; high yields; ghg; plant breeding; rockefeller foundation; agricultural policies; evapotranspiration; implications of climate change; emission scenario; crop areas; green revolution; grain; forage crops; power supply; impacts of climate change; farmers; rural population; meteorology; assessment of climate risks; scientist; climate hazard; roots; impact of climate; deforestation; gis; water quality; agricultural policy; cost-benefit; heavy rains; risk management; climate impacts; temperature; natural resources; climate change impact assessment; watershed management; temperature changes; sheep; hail; infrastructure investments; rainfall; biodiversity; soil moisture; future climate scenarios; agricultural economy; ipcc; financial constraints; future climate changes; food security; climate hazards; drip irrigation

Abstract :

Changes in climate and their impact on agricultural systems and rural economies are already evident throughout Europe and Central Asia (ECA). Adaptation measures now in use in Albania, largely piecemeal efforts, will be insufficient to prevent impacts on agricultural production over the coming decades. There is growing interest at the country and development partner levels to have a better und ...

Iimi, Atsushi, Humphreys, Richard Martin, Melibaeva, Sevara. 2015; World Bank, Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Working Paper

Agrovoc Terms :

coffee; global markets; irrigation water; household size; road; domestic food; remote areas; cotton sector; palm oil; crop prices; crops; road user; food crop production; cotton; climate; walking; transport infrastructure; crop choice; regional economy; farms; crop price; agriculture; accessibility; wheat; sesame; crop production; region; poverty; rural roads; single crop; food crop; agricultural inputs; bananas; agribusiness; walking distance; crop variety; food security; crop type; cassava; farming; climate change; agriculture sector; agricultural productivity; high transport; seed; cash crops; oil palm; production costs; agricultural imports; subsistence agriculture; household head; agricultural commodities; transportation; food consumption; demand for food; ifpri; training; coffee exports; maize yields; maize; regional market; subsidies; agricultural economics; production area; access to fertilizer; yields; land use; food producers; living standards; irrigation; commodity; rural poverty; transport costs; irrigation systems; crop; crop selection; crop producers; agricultural production; seed types; reports; produce; subsistence; roads; fertilizer subsidies; agricultural exports; land rights; fertilizer use; access to irrigation; climatic conditions; tobacco; seeds; elasticities; cooperatives; rail; water availability; sorghum; groundnuts; cocoa; financial incentives; consumption; food crops; crop choices; subsistence crops; rural areas; global food; railroad; cashew nuts; rural population; small farmers; transport; cotton prices; natural resources; farmers; fertilizer; access to electricity; nested logit model; access to information; commercialization; agricultural products; agricultural producers; crop alternatives; schooling; crop yield; cereals; traffic; tea; costs; fertilizer cost; crop suitability; diesel; fao; food self-sufficiency; agricultural development; rural residents; export crops; infrastructure; global demand for food; income growth; agricultural research; rice

Abstract :

Africa has great potential for agriculture. Although international commodity prices have been buoyant, Africa’s supply response seems to be weak. A variety of constraints may exist. Using the case of Tanzania, the paper examines the impact of market connectivity, domestic and international, on farmers’ crop choices. It is shown that the international market connectivity, measured by tra ...

Dawe, David, Jaffee, Steven, Santos, Nuno. 2014; FAO, Rome. English.

Type :

Working Paper

Agrovoc Terms :

nutritional value; crop land; paddy yields; consumer demand; poor farmers; salinization; agricultural market; cereal production; agricultural extension; regional office; herbicide; agricultural cooperatives; dry season; cropping patterns; farm; rice varieties; farming systems; legumes; ecosystems; climate; crop growth; wheat; competition for water; agricultural investment; pollution; agricultural systems; rice paddies; hazards; production systems; crop water requirements; audits; per capita consumption; varietal development; impact assessment; foods; climate change; incidence of pests; farmer; alternative crops; vegetable farming; grain; seed; rice straw; farm size; agricultural labour force; plant growth; irrigation management; rural economies; horticultural crops; tillage; population growth; nitrogen fertilizer; integrated pest management; food consumption; acidification; paddy area; herbicide applications; post-harvest losses; ifpri; agricultural area; crop water; seed multiplication; rice crop; fish; farm productivity; flowers; agronomist; aquaculture; household food security; memorandum of understanding; commodity; food consumption patterns; crop; rice research; agricultural production; crop diversification; breeding; produce; vitamins; paddy rice; capita consumption; drainage; environmental degradation; interregional cooperation; food demand; cereal crops; food reserves; agronomic practices; fertilization; rice crops; coastal zones; agricultural lands; urbanization; rice prices; paddy; growing season; soybean; united nations; food policy; livestock; agricultural value; household food; agronomy; arable land; rice processing; farm policies; fertilizer application; animal feed ingredients; weeds; pesticide; pesticides; greenhouse effect; mou; fisheries; fao; milled rice; gatt; carbon dioxide; income growth; rice; agricultural use; carbon sinks; irri; water scarcity; natural resource management; international food policy research institute; water resources; cropping; rice price; air pollution; agrochemical; amino acids; beneficial insects; cropping intensity; greenhouse gas; green revolution; harvest; post harvest; food markets; food expenditures; grain reserves; crop failure; farms; agriculture; agricultural uses; rice cultivation; farm employment; average yield; international rice research institute; agriculture organization; rice yields; soil depth; asian rice; agricultural sector; nitrous oxide; crop cycle; groundwater; double cropping; yield response; farmer participation; food security; rural people; farming; poorer farmers; farm income; farming system; consumption per capita; soil erosion; rice trade; food distribution; forestry; water supply; capita rice consumption; development research; crop area; agricultural growth; agricultural diversification; aciar; wheat prices; regional cooperation; diseases; farmland; food policy research; greenhouse gas emissions; pests; maize; paddy fields; cropland; environmental risks; biodiversity; nutrient management; irrigation; irrigation systems; household food insecurity; aggregate measure of support; farmer cooperatives; agricultural economist; perennial crops; methane; crop income; annual crops; nutrient depletion; small farmer; soil health; australian center for international agricultural research; rural development; high-yielding varieties; disease control; water shortages; fertilizer use; poverty reduction; production growth; social safety nets; feed; food expenditure; agrarian system; agricultural land; rice fields; rice production; agricultural labour; rural employment; natural resources; farmers; crop varieties; majority of farmers; emissions from agriculture; export supply chains; livestock raising; cereals; agricultural practices; maize farmers; animal feed

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