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World Bank. 2005-06; Washington, DC.

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hazardous chemicals; biological control; ipm; water resources; poor farmers; cropping; cotton sector; persistent pesticides; farm storage; crop protection; crops; farm; pest management plans; synthetic chemical pesticides; insects; chemical control; development projects; middle east; farming systems; green revolution; cotton; rodenticides; biotechnology; pest management plan; potato; unep; agriculture; pesticide residues; private sector; pest control; pesticide action network; ipm policies; pesticide resistance; consumer awareness; pesticide trade; pesticide use; pollution; pesticide procurement; external inputs; consultative group on international agricultural research; production systems; avrdc; agricultural pest management; physiology; fungicides; impact assessment; sub-saharan africa; pesticide industry; watershed; farming; environmental impact; farmer; agricultural productivity; chemical pesticides; chemistry; incomes; small producers; bactericides; development research; livelihoods; pest damage; integrated pest management; new pesticides; marketing; usaid; beneficial organisms; crop management; diseases; crop losses; natural enemies; contract farming; exotic pests; ecology; fertilizers; ngos; pests; development banks; chemical pest control; safeguard policies; animal health; pesticide users; commodities; insecticides; environmental risks; fair trade; insect physiology; fungi; cgiar; extension; spraying; crop rotation; crop; client countries; rio earth summit; agrochemical use; agricultural production; agricultural technology; produce; farm incomes; plant protection; average yields; rural development; pest management implementation; north africa; herbicides; pest management methods; food processing; poverty reduction; international fund for agricultural development; sustainable agriculture; central america; pest management practice; maximum residue levels; agriculture projects; pest populations; undp; pesticide issues; new technologies; resource poor farmers; agricultural chemicals; labor costs; externalities; farmers; pest management; united nations; agricultural products; crop varieties; pest management activities; genetic engineering; food industry; european commission; pesticide policies; disease vectors; sustainable development; food safety; weeds; pesticide; pesticides; agricultural practices; integration; fao; ipm programs; biopesticides; pesticide residues in food; chemical industry; united states agency for international development; gatt; insecticide use; food products; rice

Abstract :

The objective of this paper is to: (a) review World Bank's pest management activities during 1999-2004; (b) assess those in view of the changes in the external and internal contexts; (c) identify appropriate opportunities of engagement on pest and pesticide issues; and (d) suggest means to further promote sound pest management in the World Bank operations. The importance of sound pest manageme ...

Kelly, Lauren. 2005-10-25; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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agricultural operations; coffee; biological control; domestic animals; natural resource management; agenda 21; ipm; developed countries; crop protection; sustainable forestry; farm; synthetic chemical pesticides; chemical control; farming systems; ecosystems; harvest; cotton; economic growth; ifad; spring; unep; safe handling; agriculture; pesticide residues; pest control; pesticide action network; international agricultural research centers; public good; pesticide resistance; crop production; pesticide use; plantains; soil fertility; precautionary principle; crop loss; agriculture organization; vegetable production; tomatoes; institutional development; unced; cgiar centers; synthetic chemical; consultative group on international agricultural research; bananas; production systems; ipm trainers; food security; impact assessment; environmental; residue levels; agricultural crops; cassava; farming; policy reform; environmental impact; negative externalities; farmer; agricultural productivity; accountability; decision making; cash crops; forestry; swiss development corporation; production costs; poverty alleviation; agricultural commodities; profitability; fur; conceptual framework; development research; carbon; sustainable livelihoods; integrated pest management; public goods; evaluation criteria; natural resource base; cost-benefit analyses; diseases; rice crop; agricultural output; environmental management; risk management; production functions; pests; development banks; technical assistance; animal health; empirical evidence; environmental risks; food safety regulations; environmental benefits; cgiar; pesticide residue; capacity building; national research; memorandum of understanding; environmental impacts; crop; rio earth summit; agricultural production; agricultural universities; produce; drinking water; plant protection; accounting; animal diseases; policy decisions; rural development; host plant; extension agents; food demand; regional development banks; sustainable agriculture; chemical inputs; agrochemicals; cocoa; crop yields; pest populations; agricultural pests; undp; rice crops; scientific research; development grant facility; conventional production; agricultural intensification; convention on biological diversity; rice production; externalities; district governments; expenditures; environmental protection; health risks; production of rice; farmers; livestock development; housing; united nations; vegetables; livestock; pesticide applications; agricultural producers; policy instruments; farmer field schools; environmental issues; scientific advice; food safety; pesticide poisoning cases; weeds; cgiar system; pesticide; pesticides; plantain; policy makers; fao; ipm programs; savings; rural communities; agricultural development; economics; chemical industry; pesticide management; food products; rice

Abstract :

At the request of the World Bank's Executive Board, the Bank's Operations Evaluation Department (OED) has been conducting an evaluation of the Bank's involvement in global programs. The Phase 1 Report titled The World Bank's Approach to Global Programs focused on the strategic and programmatic management of the Bank's global portfolio of 70 programs in five Bank Networks (a cluster of c ...

Wilson, John S., Tsunehiro Otsuki. 2002-03; World Bank, Washington, D.C..

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pesticide hazards; trade regulation; developed countries; crops; farm; safety standards; insects; cotton; farms; pesticide residues; apples; international trade; pesticide use; plantains; value of trade; food imports; water storage; trade diversion effect; pesticide control standards; banana industry; bananas; public health; pesticide exposure; regional trade; fungicides; market share; gnp; developing countries; coefficient estimate; chlordimeform; legislation; agricultural productivity; dispute settlement; international standards; development indicators; exporters; trade policy; cash crops; forestry; animals; trade flows; producers; food consumption; regulatory control; fish; consensus building; pests; animal health; commodities; insecticides; tariff rate; world trade organization; fungi; commodity; compliance costs; cancer; crop; grains; regional trade arrangements; inventories; produce; drinking water; dieldrin; trade policies; trade agreement; herbicides; free trade; environmental standards; food exports; trade development; trade regime; multinational enterprises; fruits; trade diversion; zero tariffs; heptachlor; gross national product; methylparathion; environmental protection; ddt; imports; farmers; economic development; exports; vegetables; agricultural products; pesticide applications; empirical analysis; aldrin; import regulations; market access; agricultural product marketing; pesticide regulation; food safety; weeds; quota levels; bilateral trade; parathion; pesticide; pesticides; cereals; quotas; fisheries; export shortfalls aerial spraying; policy research; productivity; pesticide residues in food; economics; trade data; gravity model; pesticide pollution; rice

Abstract :

How governments regulate food safety and environmental protection, including pesticide residue levels, has important implications for trade. The World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial held in Doha, Qatar in November 2001, included statements on standards, and their impact on market access for developing countries. These issues will continue to be important in trade policy dialogues. ...

Dasgupta, Susmita, Meisner, Craig, Wheeler, David, Lam, Nhan Thi, Xuyen, Khuc. 2005-06; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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pesticide hazards; environmental health; fatigue; ipm; skin diseases; spraying; physicians; field work; agricultural production; pupils; crops; farm; headaches; hypotension; chronic poisoning; produce; asthma; insects; medical research; pesticide market; farming systems; plant protection; pesticide misuse; unep; farms; epidemiological studies; workers; pest control; air; dung; eggs; pesticide use; cooperatives; health effects; lung cancer; illiteracy; anemia; acute poisoning; leukemia; mortality; public health; pesticide exposure; human health; health impacts; agricultural land; farming; farmer; rice production; inhibition; health hazards; ddt; farmers; pesticide poisoning; screening; suicide; health care professionals; pesticide applications; pest control methods; depression; integrated pest management; pesticide regulation; pest management techniques; occupational health; pesticide; pesticides; insect pests; tea; fao; soil contamination; hospital admission; health care; insecticides; rice

Abstract :

In this paper, the authors have assessed the incidence and determinants of pesticide poisoning among rice farmers in Vietnam's Mekong Delta. Blood cholinesterase tests suggest that the incidence of poisoning from exposure to organophosphates and carbamates is quite high in Vietnam. Using the medical test results as benchmarks, the authors find that farmers' self-reported symptoms have very wea ...

World Bank. 2015; Washington, DC.

Type :

Working Paper

Agrovoc Terms :

credit; chemical fertilizer; soils; fertilizer quality control; certified seed; chemical fertilizers; fertilizer trade; chemical composition; indicators; inorganic fertilizers; crops; fertilizer development center; fertilizer applications; harvest; fertilizer prices; research; pesticide registration; crop growth; farms; agriculture; cultivation techniques; rice cultivation; restricted use; plant breeders’ rights; pesticide products; pesticide use; soil fertility; thailand; agriculture organization; cation exchange; vegetable production; fertilizer market; nitrogen; agricultural inputs; animal feeds; crop areas; agribusiness; food security; fertilizer producers; markets; organic fertilizers; cassava; farming; climate change; granules; planning; agricultural productivity; agricultural experiment station; phosphoric acid; certified’ seed; forestry; raw materials; seed company; animals; farmers’ organizations; active ingredients; training; crop management; rice crop; ammonium sulfate; agricultural input; fertilizers; pests; nitric acid; maize; commodities; granulation process; ifdc; adb; certified” seed; laboratory facilities; organic fertilizer; individual farmers; lands; vegetable crops; capacity building; rural poverty; crop; fertilizer development; agricultural production; phosphate rock; ammonium phosphate; reports; fertilizer regulations; steam granulation; plant protection; fertilizer materials; seed varieties; paddy rice; field crops; controlled release fertilizers; bulk density; fertilizer use; international fertilizer development center; seeds; plant nutrient; fertilizer production; extension programs; plant breeders; agronomists; feed; fertilizer product; crop yields; plans; scientific research; pesticide production; types of pesticides; organic matter; fertilizer distributors; agricultural chemicals; sulfuric acid; department of agriculture; fertilizer manufacturers; use of pesticides; environmental protection; farmers; fertilizer; agricultural input markets; vegetables; technology; compound fertilizers; urea; ammonium phosphates; fertilizer usage; veterinary drugs; agronomy; arable land; fertilizer distribution; fertilizer application; food safety; pesticide; pesticides; fertilizer products; phosphate; cation exchange capacity; fisheries; nutrient content; pesticide active ingredients; fao; plant nutrients; toxic pesticides; agricultural development; nitrogen content; fertilizer imports; agricultural research; rice

Abstract :

In response to numerous reports and claims of poor quality or fake fertilizer that were extensively reported by farmers, fertilizer dealers, and government officials of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (MAFF) over the past three years, the World Bank, in support of the Royal Government of Cambodia and in response to the food crisis through the smallholder agricultura ...

Bykovskij, A.V.. Plant Protection : manual of proceedings, 0135-3705. 2009. Russian.

Type :

Summary

Agrovoc Terms :

pesticide resistance; toxicity; belarus; mode of action; pesticidal properties; residues; substance toxique; mecanismos de accion; sugar crops; resistencia a los plaguicidas; crops; plantas azucareras; control quimico; selectividad de los plaguicidas; plante pesticide; plante de culture; effet residuel; pesticide crops; pesticide selectivity; toxicite; toxicidad; pesticide persistence; toxic substances; residu; efectos residuales; persistencia de los plaguicidas; plante sucriere; propiedades plaguicidas; betterave sucriere; sustancias toxicas; cultivos; persistance des pesticides; sugarbeet; beta vulgaris; propriete des pesticides; lutte chimique; residuos; selectivite des pesticides; mode d'action; resistance aux pesticides; plantas plaguicidas; remolacha azucarera; chemical control; residual effects

Abstract :

The presence of the identification methods of active pesticides which could be recommended for crop protection against harmful organisms and weeds proved to be the necessary condition for imported preparations registration and their residue control in the produced products. Results of studies of the development of a method for the combined determination of active ingredients (bifenthrin and ch ...

Ministry of Agriculture. 2007-01-01

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juices; fish farmers; agricultural extension; dry season; farm; fruit production; local market; middle east; farming systems; root crops; legumes; micro-projects; cash crop; farm sizes; wheat; marketing system; beer; rural finance; tomatoes; food imports; market price; world food programme; smallholder farms; hazards; milk; production systems; cassava production; yam; agricultural crops; peppers; farmer; plantations; micro-project; grain; pepper; starch; seed; farm size; poverty alleviation; marketing support; agricultural commodities; household consumption; cocoa prices; livelihoods; credit schemes; food crop producers; fisheries management; vegetable crop; access to markets; market place; agricultural input; fish; urban markets; commercial farms; rainy season; employment generation; yields; farming practices; aquaculture; household food security; livestock sector; crop; dried fruit; cocoa beans; grains; livestock assets; agricultural production; goats; produce; soil types; subsistence; post-harvest handling; shifting cultivation; nuts; food quality; paddy rice; vulnerable groups; livestock product; seeds; trees; harvests; beverages; cocoa; vegetation; fruits; coffee production; undp; scientific research; replanting; food crops; rural areas; upland rice; paddy; food insecurity; rural population; small farmers; small-scale farming; fertilizer; united nations; livestock; moa; industrial crops; household food; nutritious food; vegetable oils; packaging; arable land; european commission; agricultural marketing; pesticide; production system; subsistence farmers; agricultural commodity; fisheries; tree crops; petroleum products; fao; onions; pesticide application; agricultural research institute; palm products; rice; coffee; plant diseases; access to food; poverty level; rubber; cropping; veterinary services; palm oil; farming sector; roots; food crop production; harvest; post harvest; farms; agriculture; average yield; fish production; crop production; okra; foodstuff; vegetable production; agricultural trade; agricultural sector; food crop; nutrition; food contamination; food security; land tenure; rural households; rural people; farm work; cassava; farming; poor infrastructure; soft drinks; farm production; fallowing; long grain variety; flour; cash crops; forestry; oil palm; cacao; wfp; subsistence agriculture; food aid; beans; food handling; usaid; fruit crops; crop development; crop losses; cowpea; contract farming; pests; maize; commodities; feeder roads; animal resources; palm nuts; farm management; commercial banks; micro-finance; land use; farming areas; animal production; lands; irrigation; capacity building; food commodities; market information; agricultural support; cropping system; cultivation; post harvest losses; microfinance; agricultural exports; emergency employment; husbandry; vegetable producers; fertilizer use; food processing; warda; extension agents; sugar; iita; small farm; cereal imports; cooperatives; commercial crops; long grain; international institute of tropical agriculture; fresh fruit; feed; indigenous knowledge; agricultural change; rice production; humanitarian assistance; farmers; micro-finance institutions; pest management; productivity of land; vegetables; agricultural policy; breakfast cereals; tubers; commercial farmers; meat; market demand; access to credit; natural rubber; coffee tree; agricultural development; export crops; united states agency for international development; indigenous communities; food products; agricultural research

Abstract :

The overall objective of the Comprehensive Assessment of the Agricultural Sector (CAAS) is to provide an evidence base to enable appropriate strategic policy responses by the Government of Liberia (GoL) and its development partners in order to maximize the contribution of the agriculture sector to the Government's overarching policy objectives. Given the strong relationship between grow ...

Giertz, Asa, Caballero, Jorge, Galperin, Diana, Makoka, Donald, Olson, Jonathan, German, George. 2016; World Bank, Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Report

Agrovoc Terms :

logistics; baking; credit; plant pests; cereal production; cassava green mite; agricultural information; crop protection; crops; cotton; refining; research; pastures; wheat; grain storage; agricultural export; agricultural inputs; world food programme; hazards; milk; millet; crop data; agricultural economy; agricultural crops; wild food; foods; climate change; grain; cotton producers; beet sugar; hybrid maize; switzerland; food prices; animals; bran; population growth; food consumption; actual yields; rice crop; agricultural output; fish; tropical agriculture; maize yields; nongovernmental organizations; food; fungi; hazard; household food security; seed cotton; aphids; crop; chemical applications; agricultural production; goats; poultry; breeding; cover crops; nuts; crop science; famine; livestock product; pulses; agricultural system; seeds; trees; food production; agricultural policies; grain reserve; groundnuts; asian development bank; plans; agricultural pests; undp; sugar prices; crop insurance; food crops; wild foods; paddy; food insecurity; tea prices; sugar production; soybean; united nations; agricultural products; livestock; bacteria; cotton production; resistant crops; commodity trade; pesticide; pesticides; agricultural commodity; angular leaf spot; fao; soybean rust; infrastructure; rice; population; soils; protein; seedlings; cropping; indicators; greenhouse gases; groundnut; roots; harvest; sugar cane; potato; agriculture; cowpeas; crop production; pigeon peas; agriculture organization; rural roads; investment; disease outbreaks; bananas; crop season; food security; black sigatoka; markets; cattle; south africa; cassava; farming; agroclimatic conditions; planning; potato viruses; cash crops; striga; science; forestry; orange; wfp; farmers’ organizations; food aid; beans; cattle diseases; potatoes; agricultural growth; usaid; diseases; crop losses; farmland; sucrose; fertilizers; women farmers; pests; maize; sweet potatoes; commodities; afdb; containers; lands; pesticide residue; irrigation; irrigation systems; reports; nematodes; agricultural exports; basic needs; pigeonpeas; bean; sugar; iita; soil moisture; forests; sorghum; international institute of tropical agriculture; feed; hybrids; agricultural land; seasons; malnutrition; newcastle disease; cotton prices; natural resources; farmers; vegetables; technology; agricultural policy; infrastructure investments; soybeans; tobacco company; wild animals; agricultural practices; tea; sugarcane; agricultural development; yield losses; african development bank; agricultural research; anthracnose

Abstract :

With more than three-quarters of its workforce employed in agriculture, Malawi is highly vulnerable to any adverse events affecting the agriculture sector, and agricultural risks are ever present in the country. Agricultural risks can obstruct development and enforce poverty traps, particularly for a country as reliant on agriculture as Malawi. Because of the size of the sector in the e ...

Suliman, E.H., Agricultural Research Corporation, Gedarif Research Station. Proceedings: The 78th meeting of the national pests and diseases committee, , Agricultural Research Corporation Conference Hall, Wad Medani (Sudan), June 2008; 2008; Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad Medani (Sudan) English.

Type :

Bibliography

Conference :

Proceedings: The 78th meeting of the national pests and diseases committee, , Agricultural Research Corporation Conference Hall, Wad Medani (Sudan), June 2008

Agrovoc Terms :

pests of plants; protection des plantes; plagas de plantas; sudan; soudan; insecticide; evaluacion; ravageur des plantes; sorghum bicolor; muscidae; plant protection; imidacloprid; plante pesticide; evaluation; seed dressing; traitement phytosanitaire semences; recubrimiento de semillas; proteccion de las plantas; pesticide crops; plantas plaguicidas; diptera; insecticidas; insecticides

Abstract :

The experiment was conducted under rain-fed conditions in the northern part of Gedarif State in season 2007/08 to evaluate the efficacy of Imidal 70 WS (imidacloprid) for the control of the central shootfly (Atherigona soccata) on sorghum. Data collected included number of plants with dead heart, % crop emergence, % damage and sorghum grain yield. The results showed that Imidal 70 WS and its c ...

Kuwahara, M. , Miyata, T., Saito, T., Eto, M.. Applied Entomology and Zoology (Japan), 0003-6862. feb1982. English.

Type :

Summary

Agrovoc Terms :

pesticide resistance; arthropode; propiedades fisico-quimicas; hidrolasas; economic plants; artropodos; prostigmata; plante; acarina; arthropods; pesticide actions; propriete des microorganismes; crops; plante de culture; plantas de valor economico; cultivos; enzimas; strawberries; esterase; especificidad del plaguicida; poder microbiano; frutales; productos quimicos agricolas; produit agrochimique; actividad enzimatica; tetranychidae; propiedades biologicas; petit fruit; propriete physico-chimique; plaguicidas; resistance aux pesticides; plants; invertebrados; microbial properties; hydrolases; acaricides; fraise; compuestos organicos; plante d'interet economique; compuesto organico del fosforo; resistencia a los plaguicidas; agricultural chemicals; invertebre; hydrolase; acaricidas; plante fruitiere; esterasas; propriete biologique; esterases; enzymic activity; enzymes; activite enzymatique; invertebrates; soft fruits; chemicophysical properties; acaricide; compose organophosphore; organic compounds; plantas; arachnida; compose organique; trombidiformes; action des pesticides; bayas; fruit crops; pesticide; pesticides; organophosphorus compounds; accion del plaguicida; enzyme; specificite des pesticides; fresa; biological properties; pesticide specificity

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