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Dorosh, Paul, Wang, Hyoung-Gun, You, Liang, Schmidt, Emily. 2010-07-01

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crop land; travel speeds; access to technology; calories per day; crops; farm; impact of transport; caloric consumption; root crops; cotton; climate; transport infrastructure; aggregate supply; accessibility; rural household; price elasticity of demand; wheat; agricultural systems; travel times; ecological zones; food imports; agricultural inputs; demand curve; production systems; price elasticity of supply; crop demand; millet; united nations environment programme; equations; spatial analysis; elasticity of travel; agricultural productivity; production gains; marginal benefits; systems analysis; agricultural land-use; transportation; crop supply; food consumption; supply curve; capita incomes; ifpri; per capita incomes; access to markets; agricultural output; reduction in travel; production function; price elasticities; marginal cost; attainable yields; yields; rural migration; transport costs; crop; fibers; agricultural production; crossing; produce; elasticity of demand; fodder; subsistence; farm incomes; road infrastructure; population densities; spatial distribution; pulses; food demand; cereal crops; investment in roads; statistical data; food production; cropping systems; groundnuts; regional production; cocoa; coffee production; wages; rural road; food crops; rural areas; oil crops; global food; externalities; soybean; fertilizer; agricultural products; food policy; rural income generation; arable land; road type; pesticide; production system; crop suitability; fao; rice; coffee; international food policy research institute; road; domestic food; gross domestic product; remote areas; cropping; gdp; crop prices; remote region; sugar beets; types of roads; land resources; marginal productivity; unep; farms; econometric analysis; agriculture; travel speed; income generation; travel time; crop production; rural roads; agricultural sector; food crop; economic geography; sweet potato; cassava; farming; elasticities of demand; farming system; road costs; rural household income; price elasticity; consumer prices; cash crops; domestic food production; beans; exogenous variables; crop area; road information; demand for food; potential yields; production technology; crop distribution; agglomeration economies; household incomes; barley; maize production; dry beans; connected road network; maize; regional patterns; feeder roads; agricultural economics; land size; land use; irrigation; positive externalities; crop producers; remote regions; price increases; cotton groundnuts; production increases; crop categories; cultivation; rural remoteness; elasticity of supply; food supply; sugar; price distortions; spatial allocation; elasticities; transport investments; average travel time; biomass; sorghum; spatial variations; impacts on crop production; agricultural land; producer incentives; road quality; elasticity; transport; farmers; housing; crop output; regression analysis; vegetables; economies of scale; population density; labor demand; infrastructure investments; rural economy; subsistence crop; spatial approach; cereals; rural income; sugarcane; export crops; road improvement; optimization; agricultural research

Abstract :

This study examines the relationship between transport infrastructure and agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa using new data obtained from geographic information systems (GIS). First, the authors analyze the impact of road connectivity on crop production and choice of technology. Second, they explore the impact of investments that reduce road travel times. Finally, they show how this type ...

World Bank. 2014; Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Other

Agrovoc Terms :

soils; poor farmers; crop insurance scheme; allocation; international reinsurance; oilseed crops; insurance system; underwriting standards; underwriting; basis risk; inspections; crops; insurance portfolio; oilseeds; farm; grain production; cotton; climate; policyholders; economic growth; spring; crop failure; farms; agriculture; crop insurance product; agricultural crop production; crop production; multiple peril crop insurance; crop loss; crop insurance premium; single crop; financial performance; agricultural sector; agricultural risk; coinsurance; financial challenges; insurance reserves; compulsory insurance; disasters; production systems; agribusiness; crop season; food security; regulatory framework; sowing; farmer associations; coverage; financial institutions; crop type; insurance pools; group insurance; agricultural insurance; life insurance companies; risk assessment; grain; income; seed; non-life insurance; insurance company; grazing; production costs; solvency; salvage; economic theory; horticultural crops; reinsurers; crop area; insurance law; capital requirements; total cost; fruit crops; actual yields; crop insurance program; crop husbandry; insurance association; level playing field; wheat prices; crop losses; risk management; insurance cover; marginal farmers; loss ratio; proportional reinsurance; yields; agricultural insurance scheme; livestock grazing; aquaculture; private insurance; commodity; innovation; average annual rainfall; crop; grains; insurance policies; moral hazard; programs; family farms; annual crops; reinsurance; crop damage; excess of loss reinsurance; small farmer; average yields; insurance premium rates; grain crops; husbandry; insurance associations; livestock insurance; field crops; uncertainties; extreme drought; crop production systems; insurance sector; insurers; climatic conditions; reinsurance markets; cooperatives; agricultural insurance schemes; financial data; preliminary estimates; crop yields; indemnity; grain farming; scenarios; crop insurance; financial loss; premiums; food crops; financial support; risk transfer; insurance regulator; growing season; financial contributions; insurance policy; reinsurance agreement; layering; small farmers; insurance market; applications; crop output; insurance industry; agricultural products; portfolio; crop risk; solvency requirements; agricultural producers; agricultural insurance system; exchange rate; spring wheat; feasibility; insurance claims; catastrophe risk financing; compensation; reinsurance contract; crop yield; commercial farmers; commercial insurance; meat; cereals; yield loss; policy makers; mutual insurance companies; fao; private insurance companies; savings; quota share reinsurance; agents; stop loss reinsurance; catastrophe reinsurance; caps; insurance products

Abstract :

Agriculture is a very important socioeconomic sector in Kazakhstan. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan (GRK) introduced a national compulsory crop insurance scheme in 2005 in order to provide grain producers and other farmers with a minimum level of protection against catastrophic climatic events. The overall objective of the current study is to assist the GRK in improving the ...

Herrero, Mario, Jones, Peter G, Karanja, Stanley, Mutie, Ianetta, Rufino, Mariana C, Thornton, Philip K. 2013-02-01; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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annual rainfall; crop land; villages; agricultural extension; road network; dry season; draft animals; planting dates; crops; farm; livestock markets; woodlands; farming systems; legumes; climate variability; cotton; hybrid; low milk yields; climate; pastures; communal land; crop-livestock systems; sesame; dairy production; grazing area; soil fertility; daily rainfall; agricultural systems; water storage; livestock densities; breeds; livestock productivity; milk; production systems; livestock numbers; millet; climate change; crop diseases; farmer; national park; herds; livestock market; food deficits; grain; seed; animal products; land management; gazelles; pasture; livestock products; livestock keepers; horticultural crops; livelihoods; population growth; food consumption; agricultural activities; agricultural soil; marketing; draft power; food deficit; livestock prices; camels; veterinary; livestock production; water harvesting; livestock farmers; food availability; farm land; crop models; nomadic pastoralism; crop substitution; carbon sequestration; food shortages; pigs; wood; livestock interactions; aphids; mortality rates; crop; elephants; grains; agricultural production; goats; livestock mobility; poultry; breeding; produce; drinking water; park authorities; rainfall; burning; wool; human population; population densities; resistance to drought; animal manure; livestock insurance; animal; livestock populations; livestock product; leopards; feed resources; rooting; seeds; veterinary department; trees; soil characteristics; crop-livestock production; food production; cropping systems; groundnuts; rainfed agriculture; vegetation; fertilizer treatments; fruits; plant; production cost; food crops; agricultural intensification; effects of drought; growing season; food insecurity; cashew nuts; manure; fertilizer; chicken; pastoralists; crop productivity; crop pests; livestock; livestock health; household food; veterinary drugs; migration; crop residues; exotic breeds; livestock keeping; pesticide; tree crops; integration; crop suitability; fao; extension services; onions; food self-sufficiency; grain yields; livestock mortality; loss of cropland; cash income; coffee; soils; water resources; cropping; land for livestock; wildlife populations; veterinary services; livestock owners; groundnut; cattle owners; sisal; land resources; hybrid seeds; crop failure; farms; farm employment; income generation; cowpeas; crop production; herd size; cultivars; assessment report; livestock research; agricultural trade; goat; genetic; livestock components; bananas; food security; grasses; farm activities; cattle; mangoes; livestock deaths; cassava; farm income; human population density; farming system; local farmers; worms; farm production; zebras; flour; flock size; cash crops; livestock income; woodland; grazing; incomes; production costs; food aid; beans; human population densities; acacia; dairy; improved feeding; dam; farmland; pruning; wildlife; maize; ecological conditions; sweet potatoes; cropland; stall feeding; birds; cropping seasons; safety nets; planting; livestock grazing; sheep; feeds; flock; climatic events; fencing; milk sales; crop income; roads; cultivation; fertilisers; grain crops; herbicides; water shortages; lake; climatic conditions; sugar; rainfall areas; sorghum; tree; east coast fever; feed; crop yields; livestock diseases; agricultural impacts; agricultural impact; crop agriculture; flocks; conservation; nomadic pastoralists; diet; herders; small ruminants; climates; vegetables; rangeland; livestock species; human population pressure; farm produce; conservancy; forest products; wild animals; forest; local butchers; meat; cereals; issues; livestock ownership; intercropping; sugarcane; livestock farming; animal feed

Abstract :

Climate-induced livelihood transitions in the agricultural systems of Africa are increasingly likely. A recent study by Jones and Thornton (2009) points to the possibility of such climate-induced livelihood transitions in the mixed crop-livestock rainfed arid-semiarid systems of Africa. These mixed systems cover over one million square kilometers of farmland in West Africa, Eastern Afri ...

Fernandes, Erick C.M., Soliman, Ayat, Confalonieri, Roberto, Donatelli, Marcello, Tubiello, Francesco. 2012-01; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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estimates of climate change; climate scenarios; agricultural emissions; extreme weather; fertilization effect; crops; farm; crop simulations; economic impacts of climate change; climate variability; carbon intensity; climate; wind; climate changes; crop growth; climate agreement; climatic stimuli; impact of climate; wheat; soil carbon; atmosphere; carbon fertilization; agricultural prices; precipitation; maximum temperature; solar radiation; crop types; crop water requirements; climate risk; sowing; climate change; agricultural productivity; negative impacts; climate change impacts; grain; chemistry; food prices; climate variables; rainfall patterns; direct impacts of climate change; agricultural management; climate-change; ch4; convention on climate change; emission scenarios; crop water; climate regimes; climatic variables; rice crop; clouds; regional climate; crop models; maize yields; carbon sequestration; rainy season; degree days; attainable yields; farming households; weather conditions; emissions; water vapor; climate-change impacts; mean temperature; crop; temperature increases; climatic disasters; agricultural production; evapotranspiration; rainfall; pathogens; impact of climate change; crop performance; drainage; frost; climate data; maize crop; crop modeling; atmospheric carbon; negative impacts of climate change; cereal crops; atmospheric carbon dioxide; agroclimatology; global food supply; climate forecasts; high temperatures; global warming; greenhouse; fertilization; subsistence crops; global food; soil chemistry; tropics; minimum temperature; climate-change scenario; soybean; climate impacts; fertilizer; crop productivity; crop pests; agricultural value; agricultural producers; low-carbon; extreme temperatures; crop yield; land-surface; greenhouse effect; gcm; crop suitability; fao; agricultural production systems; temperature anomalies; climate regime; carbon dioxide; ecosystem; sea ice; rice; soils; irrigation water; climate change scenarios; cropping; greenhouse gases; surface air temperature; greenhouse gas; tropical crops; increase in temperature; extreme weather events; photosynthesis; sugar cane; rainfall conditions; gases; agriculture; crop cycle length; greenhouse gas emission; air; n2o; rainfall distribution; crop production; climate models; general circulation model; rice yields; agricultural sector; nitrogen; emission scenario; nitrous oxide; crop cycle; food security; economic impacts of climate; global warming potential; future climate change; co2; land degradation; agricultural activity; farming; crop calendars; enzymes; desertification; gwp; climate change scenario; carbon; impacts of climate change; energy sources; crop distribution; crop development; land cover change; greenhouse gas emissions; fertilizers; maize; surface temperature; emissions scenarios; deforestation; atmospheric concentration; wind speed; planting; land use; ghg; temperature growth; adaptation by farmers; regional climate change; drought; crop species; methane; national climate; warm climates; rainfall events; colors; hurricanes; effect of climate change; surface rainfall; intergovernmental panel on climate change; rice blast disease; climate-change scenarios; forests; rain; climate change projections; biomass; dates; greenhouse gas emissions reductions; surface air; rainfall runoff; agricultural impacts; surface temperature change; rice production; impacts on crop yields; baseline climatology; temperature change; attainable yield; meteorological data; relative humidity; crop yield changes; farmers; climate projections; climates; ipcc; atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration; climatic change; radiation; global climate; climate database; floods; temperatures; soil physics; physics; extreme events; temperature data

Abstract :

The impacts of climate change on agriculture are projected to be significant in coming decades, so response strategies, and their likely costs, should be evaluated now. That is why this study produced an open-access, crop-climate-economic impact modeling platform for Latin America and the Caribbean, that can be extended to other regions, then modified and improved by users as new crop, ...

World Bank. 2014; Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Other

Agrovoc Terms :

soils; poor farmers; crop insurance scheme; allocation; international reinsurance; oilseed crops; insurance system; underwriting standards; underwriting; basis risk; inspections; crops; oilseeds; farm; cotton; climate; policyholders; economic growth; spring; cost of reinsurance; crop failure; farms; agriculture; crop insurance product; agricultural crop production; crop production; crop loss; crop insurance premium; single crop; financial performance; agricultural risk; coinsurance; financial challenges; insurance reserves; compulsory insurance; disasters; production systems; agribusiness; crop season; food security; regulatory framework; sowing; farmer associations; coverage; insurance contract; financial institutions; farmer; agriculture sector; insurance pools; group insurance; agricultural insurance; life insurance companies; risk assessment; grain; income; seed; non-life insurance; insurance company; grazing; production costs; solvency; salvage; economic theory; horticultural crops; reinsurers; crop area; agricultural activities; capital requirements; total cost; fruit crops; actual yields; crop insurance program; crop husbandry; level playing field; crop losses; risk management; insurance cover; marginal farmers; loss ratio; proportional reinsurance; yields; agricultural insurance scheme; livestock grazing; aquaculture; private insurance; commodity; innovation; average annual rainfall; crop; grains; insurance policies; moral hazard; programs; family farms; annual crops; reinsurance; crop damage; excess of loss reinsurance; small farmer; average yields; insurance premium rates; grain crops; husbandry; insurance associations; livestock insurance; field crops; uncertainties; transaction costs; extreme drought; crop production systems; insurance sector; insurers; climatic conditions; reinsurance markets; cooperatives; agricultural insurance schemes; financial data; preliminary estimates; nonproportional reinsurance; labor force; vegetation; crop yields; indemnity; grain farming; scenarios; crop insurance; financial loss; food crops; financial support; risk transfer; insurance regulator; growing season; financial contributions; insurance policy; reinsurance agreement; layering; small farmers; insurance market; crop output; insurance industry; agricultural products; portfolio; crop risk; solvency requirements; agricultural producers; agricultural insurance system; exchange rate; spring wheat; feasibility; insurance claims; catastrophe risk financing; compensation; crop yield; commercial farmers; commercial insurance; meat; cereals; yield loss; policy makers; mutual insurance companies; fisheries; private insurance companies; savings; agents; catastrophe reinsurance; insurance premiums; insurance product; caps; insurance products

Abstract :

Agriculture is a very important socioeconomic sector in Kazakhstan. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan (GRK) introduced a national compulsory crop insurance scheme in 2005 in order to provide grain producers and other farmers with a minimum level of protection against catastrophic climatic events. The overall objective of the current study is to assist the GRK in improving the ...

Giertz, Asa, Gray, George, Mudahar, Mohinder S., Rubaiza, Rhoda, Galperin, Diana, Suit, Kilara. 2015; World Bank, Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Report

Agrovoc Terms :

consumer demand; agricultural extension; cassava processing; dry season; cropping patterns; cultivation methods; crops; farm; farming systems; ecosystems; coffee processing; tillers; heavy rainfall; maize streak virus; crop research; wheat; harvesting; soil conservation; plantains; soil fertility; tomatoes; degradation; agricultural inputs; seed policy; cassava production; sowing; production activities; mixed cropping; coffee plants; peppers; farmer; alternative crops; agricultural productivity; grain; crop nutrition; seed; animal products; land management; animals; agricultural commodities; horticultural crops; tillage; food consumption; actual yields; ifpri; dry seasons; rice crop; water harvesting; rice cultivars; maize yields; flowers; yields; domestic market prices; yams; commodity; crop rotation; conservation farming; crop; grains; agricultural production; poultry; produce; soil types; pathogens; seed production; maize plants; drainage; harvesting systems; cip; rooting; seeds; trees; chlorosis; groundnuts; harvests; planting materials; green beans; coffee growers; private mills; plans; fruits; coffee production; agronomic practices; crop insurance; poor households; amaranth; food crops; farm households; effects of drought; rice prices; paddy; growing season; fertilizer; coffee producers; cassava flour; commercialization; agricultural products; international potato center; cherries; pastoralism; carrots; crop yield; food safety; agricultural marketing; insect pests; price premium; yield loss; fisheries; coffee yields; cassava pests; fao; anthesis; agricultural households; rice; coffee; irri; soils; international food policy research institute; price volatility; terracing; cropping; field work; crop prices; indicators; coffee pests; photosynthesis; sugar cane; grain borer; grain reserves; farms; floor price; eggs; crop production; cultivars; rice yields; bananas; agribusiness; food security; black sigatoka; cassava; farming; planning; root rots; pineapples; flood control; flour; cash crops; grazing; waterlogged soils; production costs; subsistence agriculture; beans; fur; potatoes; potential yields; dam; crop losses; coffee exports; cassava mosaic virus; barley; fertilizers; maize production; dry beans; animal health; maize; coffee farmers; sweet potatoes; seed sector; animal resources; planting; animal production; perennial crops; transhumance; grain prices; reports; annual crops; income risks; average yields; cultivation; agricultural exports; seed varieties; plant disease; husbandry; high-yielding varieties; low temperatures; cassava mealybug; fertilizer use; agroforestry; climatic conditions; sugar; rice mills; cooperatives; sustainable agriculture; quality seed; sorghum; dates; plants; crop yields; tea plants; agricultural land; coffee prices; rice production; production of rice; farmers; pest management; leather; vegetables; crop varieties; tubers; meat; cereals; tea; wilt; intercropping; export crops; animal feed; drainage infrastructure; food products

Abstract :

Agriculture is the dominant sector of the economy, contributing a third of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and about half of Rwanda’s export earnings. The government of Rwanda has therefore made agricultural development a priority and allocated significant resources to improving productivity, expanding the livestock sector, promoting sustainable land management, and developin ...

World Bank. 2013; Washington, DC.

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pastoral areas; grazing lands; poor; cereal production; herding groups; dry season; crops; farm; livestock markets; human development; pastures; livestock statistics; tropical livestock unit; sesame; vaccination campaigns; soil fertility; disease risk; single crop; per capita consumption; millet; united nations environment programme; climate change; farmer; drought tolerance; agricultural productivity; herding; high population density; herds; seed; farm size; national herd; food prices; poverty alleviation; animals; forage; livelihoods; population growth; marketing; livestock production systems; smallholders; livestock prices; rural; domestic consumption; camels; seed multiplication; lack of water; sorghum grain; veterinary; livestock production; agricultural output; livestock disease; risk management; food availability; farm productivity; farming households; livestock farming systems; vegetable crops; household food security; livestock sector; commodity; community action; poor populations; livestock assets; agricultural production; risk reduction; goats; poultry; breeding; produce; fodder; farm incomes; animal; famine; drought mitigation; expansion of irrigation; cowpea hay; seeds; cereal crops; food production; groundnuts; eggplant; land availability; common property; crop production cycle; insurance; rural areas; fodder banks; food insecurity; rural population; livestock system; fertilizer; pastoralists; crop pests; livestock; pastoralism; arable land; food price; chronic food insecurity; transient poor; crop yield; weeds; production system; horticulture; integration; fao; onions; savings; income growth; market failures; soils; natural resource management; household size; water resources; price volatility; remote areas; cropping; veterinary services; ruminants; livestock owners; seed system; groundnut; natural vegetation; agricultural services; livestock feed; food crop production; land resources; vaccines; impact on poverty; grain reserves; vaccination programs; unep; farms; agriculture; animal species; chronic poverty; cowpeas; livestock management; crop production; herd size; climatic zone; agricultural sector; food crop; nutrition; disease outbreaks; donor investments; groundwater; farmer groups; food security; rural households; poverty rates; cattle; climatic zones; farm income; livestock units; herd composition; small-scale farmers; equipment; fallowing; breeding grounds; sorghum production; food relief; anthrax; cash crops; grazing; poverty assessment; incomes; food aid; natural regeneration; rural markets; diseases; crop losses; drought risk; herd reconstitution; pests; animal health; maize; safety nets; planting; livelihood security; income-generating activities; rural sector; sheep; irrigation; drought; common property resources; agro-pastoral areas; average annual rainfall; animal husbandry systems; agricultural land resources; transhumance; livestock sectors; macroeconomic shocks; cultivation; seed varieties; rural development; public services; crop production systems; water shortages; fertilizer use; food supply; poverty reduction; safety net programs; fertility management; climatic conditions; pastoral households; major livestock diseases; tobacco; cooperatives; sorghum; household income; dates; rural livelihoods; feed; crop yields; livestock diseases; conflict; livestock population; animal husbandry; agricultural land; cattle herd; malnutrition; rice production; layering; soil type; herders; natural resources; farmers; high livestock density; small ruminants; crop varieties; targeting; cereal varieties; meat; cereals; livestock ownership; pastoral zone; fodder availability; intercropping; agricultural development; export crops; contagious bovine pleuropneumonia; domestic demand; livestock farming; animal feed

Abstract :

Niger, owing to its climatic, institutional, livelihood, economic, and environmental context, is one of the most vulnerable countries of the world. Poverty is pervasive in Niger and it ranks low on almost all the human development indicators. Agriculture is the most important sector of Niger's economy and accounts for over 40 percent of national gross domestic product (GDP) and is the p ...

Ministry of Agriculture. 2007-01-01

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juices; fish farmers; agricultural extension; dry season; farm; fruit production; local market; middle east; farming systems; root crops; legumes; micro-projects; cash crop; farm sizes; wheat; marketing system; beer; rural finance; tomatoes; food imports; market price; world food programme; smallholder farms; hazards; milk; production systems; cassava production; yam; agricultural crops; peppers; farmer; plantations; micro-project; grain; pepper; starch; seed; farm size; poverty alleviation; marketing support; agricultural commodities; household consumption; cocoa prices; livelihoods; credit schemes; food crop producers; fisheries management; vegetable crop; access to markets; market place; agricultural input; fish; urban markets; commercial farms; rainy season; employment generation; yields; farming practices; aquaculture; household food security; livestock sector; crop; dried fruit; cocoa beans; grains; livestock assets; agricultural production; goats; produce; soil types; subsistence; post-harvest handling; shifting cultivation; nuts; food quality; paddy rice; vulnerable groups; livestock product; seeds; trees; harvests; beverages; cocoa; vegetation; fruits; coffee production; undp; scientific research; replanting; food crops; rural areas; upland rice; paddy; food insecurity; rural population; small farmers; small-scale farming; fertilizer; united nations; livestock; moa; industrial crops; household food; nutritious food; vegetable oils; packaging; arable land; european commission; agricultural marketing; pesticide; production system; subsistence farmers; agricultural commodity; fisheries; tree crops; petroleum products; fao; onions; pesticide application; agricultural research institute; palm products; rice; coffee; plant diseases; access to food; poverty level; rubber; cropping; veterinary services; palm oil; farming sector; roots; food crop production; harvest; post harvest; farms; agriculture; average yield; fish production; crop production; okra; foodstuff; vegetable production; agricultural trade; agricultural sector; food crop; nutrition; food contamination; food security; land tenure; rural households; rural people; farm work; cassava; farming; poor infrastructure; soft drinks; farm production; fallowing; long grain variety; flour; cash crops; forestry; oil palm; cacao; wfp; subsistence agriculture; food aid; beans; food handling; usaid; fruit crops; crop development; crop losses; cowpea; contract farming; pests; maize; commodities; feeder roads; animal resources; palm nuts; farm management; commercial banks; micro-finance; land use; farming areas; animal production; lands; irrigation; capacity building; food commodities; market information; agricultural support; cropping system; cultivation; post harvest losses; microfinance; agricultural exports; emergency employment; husbandry; vegetable producers; fertilizer use; food processing; warda; extension agents; sugar; iita; small farm; cereal imports; cooperatives; commercial crops; long grain; international institute of tropical agriculture; fresh fruit; feed; indigenous knowledge; agricultural change; rice production; humanitarian assistance; farmers; micro-finance institutions; pest management; productivity of land; vegetables; agricultural policy; breakfast cereals; tubers; commercial farmers; meat; market demand; access to credit; natural rubber; coffee tree; agricultural development; export crops; united states agency for international development; indigenous communities; food products; agricultural research

Abstract :

The overall objective of the Comprehensive Assessment of the Agricultural Sector (CAAS) is to provide an evidence base to enable appropriate strategic policy responses by the Government of Liberia (GoL) and its development partners in order to maximize the contribution of the agriculture sector to the Government's overarching policy objectives. Given the strong relationship between grow ...

World Bank. 2008-07-01; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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Agrovoc Terms :

rice areas; species; farming activities; national emissions; agricultural extension; dry season; crops; farm; flooding; potassium; ecosystems; climate; wind; crop growth; private sector; ammonium; atmosphere; harvesting; seed treatment; soil fertility; precipitation; solar radiation; global n fertilizer consumption; degradation; agricultural inputs; grain yield; surface waters; plant breeding; sowing; watershed; climate change; farmer; plantations; alternative crops; agricultural productivity; negative impacts; grain; hectares of land; seed; convergence; production gains; forest fires; farm size; organic waste; land management; acidity; animals; southern oscillation index; ammonia; tillage; nitrogen fertilizer; meteorology; production method; climatology; incubation; fertiliser; dry seasons; crop water; flood mitigation; ammonium sulfate; hydrological cycle; tin; fish; swamp; carbon sequestration; availability of rice; transplanting; aquaculture; commodity; sulfur; innovation; erosion; wetland; crop; rice research; agricultural production; crop diversification; cereal yields; produce; monsoons; farm incomes; hydrology; rainfall; plant protection; fertilizer subsidies; potential rice yields; conservation areas; crop science; drainage; frost; altitude; trees; soil characteristics; wetland area; food production; harvests; germplasm; global warming; straw; impact of irrigation; vegetation; forage grasses; greenhouse; fertilization; agricultural lands; replanting; food crops; organic matter; rice prices; paddy; growing season; potassium fertilizers; small farmers; temperature; soybean; fertilizer; laboratories; livestock; sea level rise; reservoir; crop residues; weeds; pesticides; horticulture; yield loss; evaporation; fisheries; adaptation in agriculture; fao; extension services; sandy soils; carbon dioxide; rice; geophysics; agricultural use; irri; soils; water scarcity; irrigation water; atmospheric circulation; water resources; cropping; rice price; zinc; production methods; fossil fuel; greenhouse gases; groundnut; grain production; greenhouse gas; green revolution; photosynthesis; land resources; groundwater sources; crop failure; farms; agriculture; agricultural uses; pest control; rice cultivation; classification; rainfall distribution; land area; crop production; reservoirs; loss in yield; rice yields; phosphorus content; agricultural sector; nitrogen; climate variation; food crop; nutrition; groundwater; food security; grasses; land degradation; cassava; farming; river; agriculture sector; equipment; metabolism; soil erosion; rice trade; grazing; forestry; water supply; phosphorus; food aid; carbon; crop area; demand for food; potential yields; diseases; upland areas; nutrients; fertilizers; ngos; pests; maize; universities; oscillations; human activity; cropping seasons; deforestation; farm management; boron; land use; animal production; ghg; mosquito; drought; dry periods; methane emissions; methane; farmer response; tree species; average yields; colors; rural development; winds; precipitation patterns; oceans; emissions reduction; fertilizer use; ghgs; additives; climatic conditions; cooperatives; corn; dates; runoff; emission; crop yields; fertilizer subsidy; food crop management; copper; agricultural land; rice fields; intensive cropping; rice production; conservation; natural resources; farmers; housing; pest management; climates; native plants; urea; land development; humidity; agricultural supplies; framework convention on climate change; forest; preservation; floods; specific humidity; construction; sugarcane; continuous cropping; agricultural research

Abstract :

There is increasing interest in climate change issues in Indonesia particularly in the lead-up to the COP13 or Copenhagen meeting in Bali in December 2007 when there was renewed focus on Indonesia as the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the world due to deforestation, peat-land degradation, and forest fires. In Indonesia, the agriculture sector employs the largest shar ...

Iimi, Atsushi, Humphreys, Richard Martin, Melibaeva, Sevara. 2015; World Bank, Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Working Paper

Agrovoc Terms :

coffee; global markets; irrigation water; household size; road; domestic food; remote areas; cotton sector; palm oil; crop prices; crops; road user; food crop production; cotton; climate; walking; transport infrastructure; crop choice; regional economy; farms; crop price; agriculture; accessibility; wheat; sesame; crop production; region; poverty; rural roads; single crop; food crop; agricultural inputs; bananas; agribusiness; walking distance; crop variety; food security; crop type; cassava; farming; climate change; agriculture sector; agricultural productivity; high transport; seed; cash crops; oil palm; production costs; agricultural imports; subsistence agriculture; household head; agricultural commodities; transportation; food consumption; demand for food; ifpri; training; coffee exports; maize yields; maize; regional market; subsidies; agricultural economics; production area; access to fertilizer; yields; land use; food producers; living standards; irrigation; commodity; rural poverty; transport costs; irrigation systems; crop; crop selection; crop producers; agricultural production; seed types; reports; produce; subsistence; roads; fertilizer subsidies; agricultural exports; land rights; fertilizer use; access to irrigation; climatic conditions; tobacco; seeds; elasticities; cooperatives; rail; water availability; sorghum; groundnuts; cocoa; financial incentives; consumption; food crops; crop choices; subsistence crops; rural areas; global food; railroad; cashew nuts; rural population; small farmers; transport; cotton prices; natural resources; farmers; fertilizer; access to electricity; nested logit model; access to information; commercialization; agricultural products; agricultural producers; crop alternatives; schooling; crop yield; cereals; traffic; tea; costs; fertilizer cost; crop suitability; diesel; fao; food self-sufficiency; agricultural development; rural residents; export crops; infrastructure; global demand for food; income growth; agricultural research; rice

Abstract :

Africa has great potential for agriculture. Although international commodity prices have been buoyant, Africa’s supply response seems to be weak. A variety of constraints may exist. Using the case of Tanzania, the paper examines the impact of market connectivity, domestic and international, on farmers’ crop choices. It is shown that the international market connectivity, measured by tra ...

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