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Larson, Donald F., Khidirov, Dilshod, Ramniceanu, Irina. 2015; World Bank, Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Other

Agrovoc Terms :

competitiveness; irrigated land; development strategy; arable lands; gross domestic product; chemical fertilizers; cropping; agricultural labor; gdp; farm; land distribution; farming systems; farm labor; consumers; cotton; land resources; growth in agriculture; economic growth; irrigated lands; farms; land productivity; average costs; apples; crop production; international trade; allocative efficiency; horticultural exports; agricultural systems; ecological zones; comparative advantage; agribusiness; drip irrigation systems; grapes; discount rate; environmental; economic impact; land degradation; agricultural crops; geodesy; farming; climate change; agroclimatic conditions; farm model; farmer; agricultural productivity; equipment; grain; hectares of land; heavy use of pesticides; grazing; land management; gross margin; crop harvests; horticultural crops; livelihoods; agricultural activities; horticulture sector; fruit crops; agricultural area; growth rate; diseases; agricultural output; barley; farm land; animal health; ecological conditions; cropland; farm productivity; genetic resources; horticultural products; land use; drip irrigation; commodity; innovation; extension; crop; grains; agricultural production; horticultural production; farm incomes; cultivation; grain crops; field crops; fruit trees; capita consumption; herbicides; food processing; climatic conditions; dye plants; labor productivity; installing drip irrigation; agricultural policies; corn; horticultural markets; agricultural worker; fresh fruit; hybrids; life cycle; farm families; flora; agricultural land; human capital; diet; gardens; exchange rates; farmers; fertilizer; horticultural trade; basil; agricultural science; agricultural products; livestock; cherries; land development; agronomy; crop products; arable land; forage plants; cotton production; carrots; land reclamation; food safety; horticulture; agricultural practices; gdp per capita; integration; fao; extension services; applied agricultural research; cucumbers; green vegetables

Abstract :

Why produce a policy note on horticulture in Uzbekistan? There are several answers to this existential question, although they are not necessarily obvious ones. Agriculture, taken as a whole, constitutes a small and declining share of Uzbekistan s national income, and horticulture is a small share of agricultural income. Even so, it is an important source of income for the 4.7 million h ...

Keyser, John C.. 2002-06; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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Agrovoc Terms :

coffee; remittances; barriers to entry; spices; agricultural extension; gdp; crops; farm; spice crops; cotton; cotton crop; farms; agriculture; economic constraints; wheat; total costs; tobacco industry; nutrition; agribusiness; lemons; farmer participation; food security; trade balance; technology transfer; farm activities; agricultural crops; agricultural investments actual yields; farming; farm income; farmer; alternative crops; equipment; grain; oranges; decision making; cash crops; forestry; incomes; production costs; profitability; nontraditional exports; horticultural crops; marketing; agricultural growth; consumer preferences; greenhouses; smallholders; economic sectors; wheat prices; agricultural output; maize; mushrooms; farm management; yields; land use; irrigation; commodity; crop rotation; crop; agricultural production; crop diversification; produce; cultivation; field crops; climatic conditions; orchards; tobacco; seeds; statistical data; corn; groundnuts; coffee growers; labor force; crop profitability; crop yields; new technologies; intensive farming; farm households; overhead costs; cost assumptions; horticultural products marketing; production technologies; small farmers; soybean; farm enterprise; farmers; exports; united nations; vegetables; livestock; baling; arable land; carrots; soybeans; commercial farmers; agricultural statistics; horticulture; export crops; economics; cost-benefit analysis

Abstract :

This study compares the financial costs and returns to tobacco growing with twelve (traditional and non-traditional) alternative crops, looking at profitability, costs, labor intensity, financial support, technical infrastructure, land-suitability, marketing difficulties, world demand, and production risks. It aims to provide an improved understanding of the trade-offs farmers face in d ...

World Bank. 2009-06-01; World Bank.

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Agrovoc Terms :

base year; merchandise exports; villages; export market; agricultural extension; farm; export earnings; farming systems; cotton; supply chain; market prices; economic growth; economic activities; substitute; empowerment; qualitative value; cash flow analysis; earnings; credit provision; harvesting; smallholder agriculture; tomatoes; agricultural inputs; urban areas; market price; production systems; rape; garlic; farmer; agricultural productivity; market equilibrium; access to market; first company; seed; trade policy; collusion; sales; land management; family labor; credits; sale; turnover; horticultural crops; sustainable livelihoods; technical support; agricultural activities; price protection; export horticulture; pricing mechanisms; smallholders; crop management; cotton bolls; access to markets; loan recovery; smallholder participation; gross value; farm productivity; union; horticultural products; cash flow; yields; vegetable crops; household food security; commodity; seed cotton; innovation; unskilled labor; debt; crop; agricultural production; produce; farm incomes; wholesalers; village; seeds; public investments; food production; eggplant; green beans; cotton yields; volatility; fruits; wages; crop insurance; profit margin; poor households; economic opportunities; financial assets; consumer price index; food crops; physical capital; wholesaler; loan; exchange rates; fertilizer; defaulters; information systems; commercialization; exchange rate; domestic market; productivity increases; retail; cotton production; policy environment; carrots; agricultural marketing; production system; storage capacity; horticulture; onions; price takers; competitiveness; fair; gross domestic product; land market; cropping; outgrower schemes; international competitiveness; gdp; income distribution; opportunity cost; spot market; employment; farms; agriculture; merchandise; commercial value; financing costs; world market; average costs; crop production; consumer price; okra; agricultural credit; benchmark; yield increase; public-private partnerships; agribusiness; food security; price variations; cassava; farming; social capital; middlemen; farm income; small-scale farmers; cash crops; laborers; production costs; profitability; potatoes; horticulture sector; ginneries; potential yields; retail price; profit margins; surpluses; contract farming; per capita income; smallholder; domestic markets; maize production; maize; auction; price discovery; farm management; planting; nominal income; smallholder incomes; surplus; market management; poor credit; average yields; cultivation; agricultural exports; economic reforms; transaction costs; telecommunications; donor agencies; tobacco; sugar; cooperatives; exploitation; commercial crops; cabbages; fresh fruit; labor force; vulnerable households; social security; poor access; financial support; profit maximization; overhead costs; price competition; natural resources; economic activity; farmers; pest management; purchasing; vegetables; financial viability; smallholder farmers; diversification; commercial farmers; export markets; access to credit; sugarcane; export crops; market transparency; food products

Abstract :

Agriculture and agroprocessing are important in Zambia's economy, representing more than 40 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) and contributing about 12 percent of national export earnings. Agriculture employs some 67 percent of the labor force and supplies raw materials to agricultural industries, which account for some 84 percent of manufacturing value-added in the country. Small ...

World Bank. 2001-12-21; Washington, DC.

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Agrovoc Terms :

competitiveness; export promotion; gross domestic product; cropping; cotton sector; agricultural labor; cropping patterns; competitive advantage; farm; broadbeans; cropping intensity; consumers; employment; cotton; economic growth; farms; agriculture; floor price; cowpeas; harvesting; international trade; cotton marketing; agricultural trade; comparative advantage; agricultural inputs; public-private partnerships; anti-export bias; grapes; technology transfer; research & development; contractual arrangements; agricultural investments; farming; farm income; agricultural productivity; equipment; grain; devaluation; regional trade agreements; trade policy; export growth; flax; land management; bran; horticultural crops; integrated pest management; export marketing agribusiness; skills inventories; crop husbandry; water management; cotton industry; conflicting needs; barley; contract farming; commodities; horticultural products; flowers; central planning; farm management; hay; living standards; irrigation; commodity; extension; cotton stalks; crop rotation; crop; agricultural production; comparative advantages; breeding; agricultural technology; farm incomes; cultivation; foreign competition; cottonseed oil; field crops; high-yielding varieties; quality standards; fixed prices; labor productivity; cooperatives; groundnuts; cottonseed; lentils; green beans; competitive advantages; insurance; horticultural products marketing; cotton prices; imports; farmers; exports; agricultural products; livestock; jute; exchange rate; agricultural export diversification; crop residues; cotton production; land reclamation; commercial farmers; free markets; cereals; horticulture; integration; fao; extension services; deregulation; agricultural development; export crops; infrastructure; agricultural research

Abstract :

The report proposes key elements for an agricultural export-oriented strategy in Egypt, that would build on the achievements of the agricultural strategy during the 1990s. Substantial improvements in the country's macroeconomic environment, following policy reforms - though necessary - have not been sufficient to improve agricultural export performance. Overall, while Egyptian agricultu ...

Giertz, Asa, Gray, George, Mudahar, Mohinder S., Rubaiza, Rhoda, Galperin, Diana, Suit, Kilara. 2015; World Bank, Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Report

Agrovoc Terms :

consumer demand; agricultural extension; cassava processing; dry season; cropping patterns; cultivation methods; crops; farm; farming systems; ecosystems; coffee processing; tillers; heavy rainfall; maize streak virus; crop research; wheat; harvesting; soil conservation; plantains; soil fertility; tomatoes; degradation; agricultural inputs; seed policy; cassava production; sowing; production activities; mixed cropping; coffee plants; peppers; farmer; alternative crops; agricultural productivity; grain; crop nutrition; seed; animal products; land management; animals; agricultural commodities; horticultural crops; tillage; food consumption; actual yields; ifpri; dry seasons; rice crop; water harvesting; rice cultivars; maize yields; flowers; yields; domestic market prices; yams; commodity; crop rotation; conservation farming; crop; grains; agricultural production; poultry; produce; soil types; pathogens; seed production; maize plants; drainage; harvesting systems; cip; rooting; seeds; trees; chlorosis; groundnuts; harvests; planting materials; green beans; coffee growers; private mills; plans; fruits; coffee production; agronomic practices; crop insurance; poor households; amaranth; food crops; farm households; effects of drought; rice prices; paddy; growing season; fertilizer; coffee producers; cassava flour; commercialization; agricultural products; international potato center; cherries; pastoralism; carrots; crop yield; food safety; agricultural marketing; insect pests; price premium; yield loss; fisheries; coffee yields; cassava pests; fao; anthesis; agricultural households; rice; coffee; irri; soils; international food policy research institute; price volatility; terracing; cropping; field work; crop prices; indicators; coffee pests; photosynthesis; sugar cane; grain borer; grain reserves; farms; floor price; eggs; crop production; cultivars; rice yields; bananas; agribusiness; food security; black sigatoka; cassava; farming; planning; root rots; pineapples; flood control; flour; cash crops; grazing; waterlogged soils; production costs; subsistence agriculture; beans; fur; potatoes; potential yields; dam; crop losses; coffee exports; cassava mosaic virus; barley; fertilizers; maize production; dry beans; animal health; maize; coffee farmers; sweet potatoes; seed sector; animal resources; planting; animal production; perennial crops; transhumance; grain prices; reports; annual crops; income risks; average yields; cultivation; agricultural exports; seed varieties; plant disease; husbandry; high-yielding varieties; low temperatures; cassava mealybug; fertilizer use; agroforestry; climatic conditions; sugar; rice mills; cooperatives; sustainable agriculture; quality seed; sorghum; dates; plants; crop yields; tea plants; agricultural land; coffee prices; rice production; production of rice; farmers; pest management; leather; vegetables; crop varieties; tubers; meat; cereals; tea; wilt; intercropping; export crops; animal feed; drainage infrastructure; food products

Abstract :

Agriculture is the dominant sector of the economy, contributing a third of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and about half of Rwanda’s export earnings. The government of Rwanda has therefore made agricultural development a priority and allocated significant resources to improving productivity, expanding the livestock sector, promoting sustainable land management, and developin ...

Joughin, James. 2014-01; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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Agrovoc Terms :

sunflower seed; finger millet; union for the protection of new varieties of plants; crop protection; crops; farm; product quality; fisheries resources; development projects; legumes; vegetable seeds; cotton; economic growth; ifad; seed companies; private sector; public good; wheat; sesame; single crop; agricultural inputs; seed policy; agricultural practice; agricultural research organization; plant breeding; millet; seed entrepreneurs; cultivar; farmer; agricultural productivity; fishing; grain; seed; decision making; field trials; hybrid maize; raw materials; seed company; horticultural crops; livelihoods; sunflower; marketing; public goods; sasakawa global 2000; ifpri; seed multiplication; vegetable seed; agricultural input; agriculture research; seed producers; nongovernmental organizations; union; ifdc; yields; biosafety; cgiar; national research; commodity; innovation; area; agricultural production; goats; produce; plant protection; certification capacity; seed production; national agricultural research institutes; seed trade; seed regulations; seeds; international fund for agricultural development; border trade; food production; groundnuts; beverages; planting materials; germplasm; cocoa; global warming; rainfed agriculture; undp; united nations development programme; seed technology; food crops; seed development; contract growers; dairy sector; private seed industry; small farmers; seed reform; soybean; fertilizer; economic development; united nations; livestock; arable land; policy environment; genotypes; fisheries; integration; fao; destination; agricultural households; seed trade association; rice; technology adoption; coffee; international food policy research institute; certified seed; biotechnology products; agricultures; quarantine; seed system; oilseeds; groundnut; production environment; green revolution; harvest; seed testing; biotechnology; hybrid seeds; seed businesses; political economy; pest control; hybrid seed; cowpeas; decentralization; breeder seed; cultivars; pigeon peas; agriculture organization; farmer organizations; consultative group on international agricultural research; bananas; agribusiness; food security; farmer associations; public agricultural research; forage crops; cassava; farming; cash crops; forestry; incomes; financial resources; beans; hyv; potatoes; agricultural growth; usaid; asareca; seeds subsector; food policy research; barley; fertilizers; ngos; maize; universities; ecological conditions; sweet potatoes; commodities; afdb; seed sector; animal resources; planting; commercial seed; irrigation; capacity building; extension; plant health; foundation seed; seed certification; agricultural research institutes; agriculture research institute; agricultural technology; small farmer; average yields; cultivation; centre; grain crops; agricultural exports; seed varieties; fruit trees; poverty reduction; international fertilizer development center; tobacco; labor productivity; private seed companies; oil; cooperatives; commercial crops; quality seed; sorghum; dates; plant breeders; feed; hybrids; dairy industry; dragging; seed stocks; variety release; gardens; farmers; vegetables; crop varieties; upov; seed industry; soybeans; meat; cereals; agricultural practices; tea; policy makers; plant variety protection; access to credit; sugarcane; export crops; aspect; united states agency for international development; african development bank

Abstract :

This report provides a short summary of the recent history of the seed industry. Although the informal seed system still accounts for an estimated 85 percent of planted seed, the formal sector has been transformed in 20 years from control by a monopoly parastatal to competition among 23 registered companies, with at least 5 or 6 being serious players. Significantly, the relief seed indu ...

World Bank. 2014; Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Other

Agrovoc Terms :

soils; poor farmers; crop insurance scheme; allocation; international reinsurance; oilseed crops; insurance system; underwriting standards; underwriting; basis risk; inspections; crops; insurance portfolio; oilseeds; farm; grain production; cotton; climate; policyholders; economic growth; spring; crop failure; farms; agriculture; crop insurance product; agricultural crop production; crop production; multiple peril crop insurance; crop loss; crop insurance premium; single crop; financial performance; agricultural sector; agricultural risk; coinsurance; financial challenges; insurance reserves; compulsory insurance; disasters; production systems; agribusiness; crop season; food security; regulatory framework; sowing; farmer associations; coverage; financial institutions; crop type; insurance pools; group insurance; agricultural insurance; life insurance companies; risk assessment; grain; income; seed; non-life insurance; insurance company; grazing; production costs; solvency; salvage; economic theory; horticultural crops; reinsurers; crop area; insurance law; capital requirements; total cost; fruit crops; actual yields; crop insurance program; crop husbandry; insurance association; level playing field; wheat prices; crop losses; risk management; insurance cover; marginal farmers; loss ratio; proportional reinsurance; yields; agricultural insurance scheme; livestock grazing; aquaculture; private insurance; commodity; innovation; average annual rainfall; crop; grains; insurance policies; moral hazard; programs; family farms; annual crops; reinsurance; crop damage; excess of loss reinsurance; small farmer; average yields; insurance premium rates; grain crops; husbandry; insurance associations; livestock insurance; field crops; uncertainties; extreme drought; crop production systems; insurance sector; insurers; climatic conditions; reinsurance markets; cooperatives; agricultural insurance schemes; financial data; preliminary estimates; crop yields; indemnity; grain farming; scenarios; crop insurance; financial loss; premiums; food crops; financial support; risk transfer; insurance regulator; growing season; financial contributions; insurance policy; reinsurance agreement; layering; small farmers; insurance market; applications; crop output; insurance industry; agricultural products; portfolio; crop risk; solvency requirements; agricultural producers; agricultural insurance system; exchange rate; spring wheat; feasibility; insurance claims; catastrophe risk financing; compensation; reinsurance contract; crop yield; commercial farmers; commercial insurance; meat; cereals; yield loss; policy makers; mutual insurance companies; fao; private insurance companies; savings; quota share reinsurance; agents; stop loss reinsurance; catastrophe reinsurance; caps; insurance products

Abstract :

Agriculture is a very important socioeconomic sector in Kazakhstan. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan (GRK) introduced a national compulsory crop insurance scheme in 2005 in order to provide grain producers and other farmers with a minimum level of protection against catastrophic climatic events. The overall objective of the current study is to assist the GRK in improving the ...

World Bank. 2014; Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Other

Agrovoc Terms :

soils; poor farmers; crop insurance scheme; allocation; international reinsurance; oilseed crops; insurance system; underwriting standards; underwriting; basis risk; inspections; crops; oilseeds; farm; cotton; climate; policyholders; economic growth; spring; cost of reinsurance; crop failure; farms; agriculture; crop insurance product; agricultural crop production; crop production; crop loss; crop insurance premium; single crop; financial performance; agricultural risk; coinsurance; financial challenges; insurance reserves; compulsory insurance; disasters; production systems; agribusiness; crop season; food security; regulatory framework; sowing; farmer associations; coverage; insurance contract; financial institutions; farmer; agriculture sector; insurance pools; group insurance; agricultural insurance; life insurance companies; risk assessment; grain; income; seed; non-life insurance; insurance company; grazing; production costs; solvency; salvage; economic theory; horticultural crops; reinsurers; crop area; agricultural activities; capital requirements; total cost; fruit crops; actual yields; crop insurance program; crop husbandry; level playing field; crop losses; risk management; insurance cover; marginal farmers; loss ratio; proportional reinsurance; yields; agricultural insurance scheme; livestock grazing; aquaculture; private insurance; commodity; innovation; average annual rainfall; crop; grains; insurance policies; moral hazard; programs; family farms; annual crops; reinsurance; crop damage; excess of loss reinsurance; small farmer; average yields; insurance premium rates; grain crops; husbandry; insurance associations; livestock insurance; field crops; uncertainties; transaction costs; extreme drought; crop production systems; insurance sector; insurers; climatic conditions; reinsurance markets; cooperatives; agricultural insurance schemes; financial data; preliminary estimates; nonproportional reinsurance; labor force; vegetation; crop yields; indemnity; grain farming; scenarios; crop insurance; financial loss; food crops; financial support; risk transfer; insurance regulator; growing season; financial contributions; insurance policy; reinsurance agreement; layering; small farmers; insurance market; crop output; insurance industry; agricultural products; portfolio; crop risk; solvency requirements; agricultural producers; agricultural insurance system; exchange rate; spring wheat; feasibility; insurance claims; catastrophe risk financing; compensation; crop yield; commercial farmers; commercial insurance; meat; cereals; yield loss; policy makers; mutual insurance companies; fisheries; private insurance companies; savings; agents; catastrophe reinsurance; insurance premiums; insurance product; caps; insurance products

Abstract :

Agriculture is a very important socioeconomic sector in Kazakhstan. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan (GRK) introduced a national compulsory crop insurance scheme in 2005 in order to provide grain producers and other farmers with a minimum level of protection against catastrophic climatic events. The overall objective of the current study is to assist the GRK in improving the ...

2005; Washington, DC: World Bank.

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Agrovoc Terms :

coffee; development strategy; commodity; innovation; extension; horticulture products; crop; client countries; feasibility studies; agricultural production; flower industry; crops; horticultural production; crop diversification; cotton; agricultural exports; auctions; farms; capita consumption; agriculture; horticultural development; cut flowers; floriculture; apples; international trade; horticultural exports; cooperatives; corn; comparative advantage; cocoa; horticulture development; labor force; bananas; consumer protection; agribusiness; fruits; general system of preferences; equity capital; farming; equipment; farmers; access to information; export growth; agricultural products; incomes; agricultural commodities; beans; domestic market; food consumption; food safety; horticulture; export markets; crop management; fao; extension services; business plans; horticulture export; horticulture supply; fertilizers; domestic markets; food products; development strategies; flowers; horticultural products

Abstract :

Trade is an essential driver for sustained economic growth, and growth is necessary for poverty reduction. In Sub-Saharan Africa, where three-fourths of the poor live in rural areas, spurring growth and generating income and employment opportunities is critical for poverty reduction strategies. Seventy percent of the population lives in rural areas, where livelihoods are largely depende ...

Siegel, Paul B., Alwang, Jeff. 2004-05; World Bank, Washington, D.C..

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Agrovoc Terms :

competitiveness; coffee; labor markets; fiscal policy; gross domestic product; crop insurance scheme; income distribution; taxation; credit risk; employment; development agencies; market prices; economic growth; low income; banking systems; financial markets; farms; agriculture; interest rates; credit rationing; prudential regulations; private sector; harvesting; monetary policies; foreign exchange; central bank; transactions costs; financial sector; real prices; subsidiary; financial institutions; working capital; supervisory authorities; plantations; private banking; income; devaluation; oranges; import quotas; forestry; incomes; food prices; cacao; livestock products; beans; profitability; horticultural crops; cocoa prices; population growth; producers; marketing; agricultural growth; financial crisis; growth rate; economic sectors; diseases; trade liberalization; credit unions; inflation; melons; risk management; clearinghouse; ecology; ngos; pests; development banks; technical assistance; ecological conditions; financial services; horticultural products; latin american; yields; commercial banks; credit policies; irrigation; production quantities; ownership structure; rural poverty; cocoa beans; agricultural production; perennial crops; coconuts; produce; inflation rates; accounting; microfinance; rural development; telecommunications; tobacco; sugar; cooperatives; coffee beans; central america; credit risk management; cocoa; coffee growers; labor force; banking system; interest rate; wages; crop insurance; insurance; urbanization; human capital; rice production; full employment; coffee prices; transport; environmental protection; macroeconomic performance; imports; exchange rates; farmers; exports; agricultural products; livestock; unemployment; current prices; exchange rate; migration; arable land; environmental issues; policy makers; consolidation; price declines; tree crops; rural income; savings; productivity; deregulation; agricultural development; export crops; rice

Abstract :

An estimated 80,000-100,000 Dominican farmers produce coffee and cocoa, nearly 40 percent of all agricultural producers. The sectors also provide employment for tens of thousands of field laborers and persons employed in linked economic activities. The majority of coffee and cocoa producers are small-scale and most are located in environmentally sensitive watersheds. Recent trends in in ...

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