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World Bank. 2014; Washington, DC. English.

类型 :

Other

Agrovoc术语 :

soils; poor farmers; crop insurance scheme; allocation; international reinsurance; oilseed crops; insurance system; underwriting standards; underwriting; basis risk; inspections; crops; insurance portfolio; oilseeds; farm; grain production; cotton; climate; policyholders; economic growth; spring; crop failure; farms; agriculture; crop insurance product; agricultural crop production; crop production; multiple peril crop insurance; crop loss; crop insurance premium; single crop; financial performance; agricultural sector; agricultural risk; coinsurance; financial challenges; insurance reserves; compulsory insurance; disasters; production systems; agribusiness; crop season; food security; regulatory framework; sowing; farmer associations; coverage; financial institutions; crop type; insurance pools; group insurance; agricultural insurance; life insurance companies; risk assessment; grain; income; seed; non-life insurance; insurance company; grazing; production costs; solvency; salvage; economic theory; horticultural crops; reinsurers; crop area; insurance law; capital requirements; total cost; fruit crops; actual yields; crop insurance program; crop husbandry; insurance association; level playing field; wheat prices; crop losses; risk management; insurance cover; marginal farmers; loss ratio; proportional reinsurance; yields; agricultural insurance scheme; livestock grazing; aquaculture; private insurance; commodity; innovation; average annual rainfall; crop; grains; insurance policies; moral hazard; programs; family farms; annual crops; reinsurance; crop damage; excess of loss reinsurance; small farmer; average yields; insurance premium rates; grain crops; husbandry; insurance associations; livestock insurance; field crops; uncertainties; extreme drought; crop production systems; insurance sector; insurers; climatic conditions; reinsurance markets; cooperatives; agricultural insurance schemes; financial data; preliminary estimates; crop yields; indemnity; grain farming; scenarios; crop insurance; financial loss; premiums; food crops; financial support; risk transfer; insurance regulator; growing season; financial contributions; insurance policy; reinsurance agreement; layering; small farmers; insurance market; applications; crop output; insurance industry; agricultural products; portfolio; crop risk; solvency requirements; agricultural producers; agricultural insurance system; exchange rate; spring wheat; feasibility; insurance claims; catastrophe risk financing; compensation; reinsurance contract; crop yield; commercial farmers; commercial insurance; meat; cereals; yield loss; policy makers; mutual insurance companies; fao; private insurance companies; savings; quota share reinsurance; agents; stop loss reinsurance; catastrophe reinsurance; caps; insurance products

摘要 :

Agriculture is a very important socioeconomic sector in Kazakhstan. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan (GRK) introduced a national compulsory crop insurance scheme in 2005 in order to provide grain producers and other farmers with a minimum level of protection against catastrophic climatic events. The overall objective of the current study is to assist the GRK in improving the ...

World Bank. 2014; Washington, DC. English.

类型 :

Other

Agrovoc术语 :

soils; poor farmers; crop insurance scheme; allocation; international reinsurance; oilseed crops; insurance system; underwriting standards; underwriting; basis risk; inspections; crops; oilseeds; farm; cotton; climate; policyholders; economic growth; spring; cost of reinsurance; crop failure; farms; agriculture; crop insurance product; agricultural crop production; crop production; crop loss; crop insurance premium; single crop; financial performance; agricultural risk; coinsurance; financial challenges; insurance reserves; compulsory insurance; disasters; production systems; agribusiness; crop season; food security; regulatory framework; sowing; farmer associations; coverage; insurance contract; financial institutions; farmer; agriculture sector; insurance pools; group insurance; agricultural insurance; life insurance companies; risk assessment; grain; income; seed; non-life insurance; insurance company; grazing; production costs; solvency; salvage; economic theory; horticultural crops; reinsurers; crop area; agricultural activities; capital requirements; total cost; fruit crops; actual yields; crop insurance program; crop husbandry; level playing field; crop losses; risk management; insurance cover; marginal farmers; loss ratio; proportional reinsurance; yields; agricultural insurance scheme; livestock grazing; aquaculture; private insurance; commodity; innovation; average annual rainfall; crop; grains; insurance policies; moral hazard; programs; family farms; annual crops; reinsurance; crop damage; excess of loss reinsurance; small farmer; average yields; insurance premium rates; grain crops; husbandry; insurance associations; livestock insurance; field crops; uncertainties; transaction costs; extreme drought; crop production systems; insurance sector; insurers; climatic conditions; reinsurance markets; cooperatives; agricultural insurance schemes; financial data; preliminary estimates; nonproportional reinsurance; labor force; vegetation; crop yields; indemnity; grain farming; scenarios; crop insurance; financial loss; food crops; financial support; risk transfer; insurance regulator; growing season; financial contributions; insurance policy; reinsurance agreement; layering; small farmers; insurance market; crop output; insurance industry; agricultural products; portfolio; crop risk; solvency requirements; agricultural producers; agricultural insurance system; exchange rate; spring wheat; feasibility; insurance claims; catastrophe risk financing; compensation; crop yield; commercial farmers; commercial insurance; meat; cereals; yield loss; policy makers; mutual insurance companies; fisheries; private insurance companies; savings; agents; catastrophe reinsurance; insurance premiums; insurance product; caps; insurance products

摘要 :

Agriculture is a very important socioeconomic sector in Kazakhstan. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan (GRK) introduced a national compulsory crop insurance scheme in 2005 in order to provide grain producers and other farmers with a minimum level of protection against catastrophic climatic events. The overall objective of the current study is to assist the GRK in improving the ...

Keyser, John C.. 2002-06; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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Agrovoc术语 :

coffee; remittances; barriers to entry; spices; agricultural extension; gdp; crops; farm; spice crops; cotton; cotton crop; farms; agriculture; economic constraints; wheat; total costs; tobacco industry; nutrition; agribusiness; lemons; farmer participation; food security; trade balance; technology transfer; farm activities; agricultural crops; agricultural investments actual yields; farming; farm income; farmer; alternative crops; equipment; grain; oranges; decision making; cash crops; forestry; incomes; production costs; profitability; nontraditional exports; horticultural crops; marketing; agricultural growth; consumer preferences; greenhouses; smallholders; economic sectors; wheat prices; agricultural output; maize; mushrooms; farm management; yields; land use; irrigation; commodity; crop rotation; crop; agricultural production; crop diversification; produce; cultivation; field crops; climatic conditions; orchards; tobacco; seeds; statistical data; corn; groundnuts; coffee growers; labor force; crop profitability; crop yields; new technologies; intensive farming; farm households; overhead costs; cost assumptions; horticultural products marketing; production technologies; small farmers; soybean; farm enterprise; farmers; exports; united nations; vegetables; livestock; baling; arable land; carrots; soybeans; commercial farmers; agricultural statistics; horticulture; export crops; economics; cost-benefit analysis

摘要 :

This study compares the financial costs and returns to tobacco growing with twelve (traditional and non-traditional) alternative crops, looking at profitability, costs, labor intensity, financial support, technical infrastructure, land-suitability, marketing difficulties, world demand, and production risks. It aims to provide an improved understanding of the trade-offs farmers face in d ...

Giertz, Asa, Gray, George, Mudahar, Mohinder S., Rubaiza, Rhoda, Galperin, Diana, Suit, Kilara. 2015; World Bank, Washington, DC. English.

类型 :

Report

Agrovoc术语 :

consumer demand; agricultural extension; cassava processing; dry season; cropping patterns; cultivation methods; crops; farm; farming systems; ecosystems; coffee processing; tillers; heavy rainfall; maize streak virus; crop research; wheat; harvesting; soil conservation; plantains; soil fertility; tomatoes; degradation; agricultural inputs; seed policy; cassava production; sowing; production activities; mixed cropping; coffee plants; peppers; farmer; alternative crops; agricultural productivity; grain; crop nutrition; seed; animal products; land management; animals; agricultural commodities; horticultural crops; tillage; food consumption; actual yields; ifpri; dry seasons; rice crop; water harvesting; rice cultivars; maize yields; flowers; yields; domestic market prices; yams; commodity; crop rotation; conservation farming; crop; grains; agricultural production; poultry; produce; soil types; pathogens; seed production; maize plants; drainage; harvesting systems; cip; rooting; seeds; trees; chlorosis; groundnuts; harvests; planting materials; green beans; coffee growers; private mills; plans; fruits; coffee production; agronomic practices; crop insurance; poor households; amaranth; food crops; farm households; effects of drought; rice prices; paddy; growing season; fertilizer; coffee producers; cassava flour; commercialization; agricultural products; international potato center; cherries; pastoralism; carrots; crop yield; food safety; agricultural marketing; insect pests; price premium; yield loss; fisheries; coffee yields; cassava pests; fao; anthesis; agricultural households; rice; coffee; irri; soils; international food policy research institute; price volatility; terracing; cropping; field work; crop prices; indicators; coffee pests; photosynthesis; sugar cane; grain borer; grain reserves; farms; floor price; eggs; crop production; cultivars; rice yields; bananas; agribusiness; food security; black sigatoka; cassava; farming; planning; root rots; pineapples; flood control; flour; cash crops; grazing; waterlogged soils; production costs; subsistence agriculture; beans; fur; potatoes; potential yields; dam; crop losses; coffee exports; cassava mosaic virus; barley; fertilizers; maize production; dry beans; animal health; maize; coffee farmers; sweet potatoes; seed sector; animal resources; planting; animal production; perennial crops; transhumance; grain prices; reports; annual crops; income risks; average yields; cultivation; agricultural exports; seed varieties; plant disease; husbandry; high-yielding varieties; low temperatures; cassava mealybug; fertilizer use; agroforestry; climatic conditions; sugar; rice mills; cooperatives; sustainable agriculture; quality seed; sorghum; dates; plants; crop yields; tea plants; agricultural land; coffee prices; rice production; production of rice; farmers; pest management; leather; vegetables; crop varieties; tubers; meat; cereals; tea; wilt; intercropping; export crops; animal feed; drainage infrastructure; food products

摘要 :

Agriculture is the dominant sector of the economy, contributing a third of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and about half of Rwanda’s export earnings. The government of Rwanda has therefore made agricultural development a priority and allocated significant resources to improving productivity, expanding the livestock sector, promoting sustainable land management, and developin ...

Joughin, James. 2014-01; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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Agrovoc术语 :

sunflower seed; finger millet; union for the protection of new varieties of plants; crop protection; crops; farm; product quality; fisheries resources; development projects; legumes; vegetable seeds; cotton; economic growth; ifad; seed companies; private sector; public good; wheat; sesame; single crop; agricultural inputs; seed policy; agricultural practice; agricultural research organization; plant breeding; millet; seed entrepreneurs; cultivar; farmer; agricultural productivity; fishing; grain; seed; decision making; field trials; hybrid maize; raw materials; seed company; horticultural crops; livelihoods; sunflower; marketing; public goods; sasakawa global 2000; ifpri; seed multiplication; vegetable seed; agricultural input; agriculture research; seed producers; nongovernmental organizations; union; ifdc; yields; biosafety; cgiar; national research; commodity; innovation; area; agricultural production; goats; produce; plant protection; certification capacity; seed production; national agricultural research institutes; seed trade; seed regulations; seeds; international fund for agricultural development; border trade; food production; groundnuts; beverages; planting materials; germplasm; cocoa; global warming; rainfed agriculture; undp; united nations development programme; seed technology; food crops; seed development; contract growers; dairy sector; private seed industry; small farmers; seed reform; soybean; fertilizer; economic development; united nations; livestock; arable land; policy environment; genotypes; fisheries; integration; fao; destination; agricultural households; seed trade association; rice; technology adoption; coffee; international food policy research institute; certified seed; biotechnology products; agricultures; quarantine; seed system; oilseeds; groundnut; production environment; green revolution; harvest; seed testing; biotechnology; hybrid seeds; seed businesses; political economy; pest control; hybrid seed; cowpeas; decentralization; breeder seed; cultivars; pigeon peas; agriculture organization; farmer organizations; consultative group on international agricultural research; bananas; agribusiness; food security; farmer associations; public agricultural research; forage crops; cassava; farming; cash crops; forestry; incomes; financial resources; beans; hyv; potatoes; agricultural growth; usaid; asareca; seeds subsector; food policy research; barley; fertilizers; ngos; maize; universities; ecological conditions; sweet potatoes; commodities; afdb; seed sector; animal resources; planting; commercial seed; irrigation; capacity building; extension; plant health; foundation seed; seed certification; agricultural research institutes; agriculture research institute; agricultural technology; small farmer; average yields; cultivation; centre; grain crops; agricultural exports; seed varieties; fruit trees; poverty reduction; international fertilizer development center; tobacco; labor productivity; private seed companies; oil; cooperatives; commercial crops; quality seed; sorghum; dates; plant breeders; feed; hybrids; dairy industry; dragging; seed stocks; variety release; gardens; farmers; vegetables; crop varieties; upov; seed industry; soybeans; meat; cereals; agricultural practices; tea; policy makers; plant variety protection; access to credit; sugarcane; export crops; aspect; united states agency for international development; african development bank

摘要 :

This report provides a short summary of the recent history of the seed industry. Although the informal seed system still accounts for an estimated 85 percent of planted seed, the formal sector has been transformed in 20 years from control by a monopoly parastatal to competition among 23 registered companies, with at least 5 or 6 being serious players. Significantly, the relief seed indu ...

Zarski, J., Rzekanowski, Cz., Dudek, S., Rolbiecki, S.. Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Techniczno-Rolniczej w Bydgoszczy. Rolnictwo (Poland), 0208-6344. 1999. English.

类型 :

Summary

Agrovoc术语 :

lupinus luteus; triticum aestivum; sol sableux; cultivos de primavera; solanum tuberosum; field experimentation; sandy soils; crops; suelo arenoso; irrigation par aspersion; resultados de la explotacion; plante de culture; sprinkler irrigation; cultivos de invierno; farm results; vicia faba; spring crops; culture de printemps; hordeum vulgare; resultat de l'exploitation agricole; winter crops; cout de production; indicateur economique; experimentation au champ; riego por aspersion; cultivos; indicadores economicos; costos de produccion; beta vulgaris; culture d'hiver; experimentacion en campo; production costs; triticosecale; economic indicators

摘要 :

The present paper concerns the results of 72 one-year field experiments on overhead irrigation of 8 field crop species, carried out from 1986 to 1998 on a very light soil in the vicinity of Bydgoszcz. The investigation confirmed that the use of sprinkler irrigation under such conditions contributed to a very high multiyear productivity which ranged from 72 to 188 percent, depending on the spec ...

Jaskulski, D.. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Agricultura (Poland), 1644-0625. 2004. Polish.

类型 :

Summary

Agrovoc术语 :

triticum aestivum; expérimentation au champ; achicoria; rendement des cultures; trigo harinero; field experimentation; endive; cultivos asociados; crop yield; blé tendre; cultivos de invierno; factores de rendimiento; culture dérobée; cultivo intermedio; catch crops; hordeum vulgare; winter crops; cereal crops; rendimiento de cultivos; chicory; lolium multiflorum; plante céréalière; catch cropping; barley; rotation culturale; plante de culture associée; cultivos intermedios; companion crops; plante de culture dérobée; culture d'hiver; cultivos de cereales; trifolium repens; cebada; orge; crop rotation; rotación de cultivos; experimentación en campo; soft wheat; yield factors; facteur de rendement

摘要 :

The present paper covers the results of studies carried out in 1998-01 on a good rye soil complex at the Mochelek Experiment Station (Poland) which involved spring barley - winter wheat crop rotation link. There were evaluated the effects of companion crops of catch crop on the yield of spring barley (a cover crop) and winter wheat (a successive crop) as well as on the productivity of the link ...

Carreck, N.L., Williams, I.H., Little, D.J.. Bee World (United Kingdom). 1997. English.

类型 :

Journal Article

Agrovoc术语 :

plante mellifere; production; reino unido; crops; royaume uni; pollinators; insectos utiles; plante de culture; brassica napus; nectar plants; honey; fruit crops; abeille domestique; migratory beekeeping; porte graines; insecte utile; produccion; honeybees; field crops; pollination; united kingdom; cultivos; apicultura; useful insects; apiculture; gestion; miel; polinizacion; frutales; seed crops; glasshouse crops; management; cultivos de semillas; plantas meliferas; apis mellifera; pollinisation; abeja melifera; polinizadores; pollinisateur; plante fruitiere; bee plants

Piekarczyk, M.,Uniwersytet Technologiczno-Przyrodniczy. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Agricultura (Poland), 1644-0625. 2007. Polish.

类型 :

Summary

Agrovoc术语 :

methods; cultivos de primavera; field experimentation; weed control; crops; trigo; culture derobee; desherbage; methode; escarda; plante de culture; malezas; cultivos de invierno; wheats; cultivo intermedio; spring crops; culture de printemps; herbicide; catch crops; winter crops; weeds; ble; herbicidas; herbicides; experimentation au champ; metodos; plante de culture derobee; catch cropping; cultivos; barley; cultivos intermedios; culture d'hiver; experimentacion en campo; mauvaise herbe; cebada; orge

摘要 :

In a three-year field experiment carried out at Mochelek in the vicinity of Bydgoszcz on good rye complex soil over 2003-2005 there were evaluated an effect of the forecrop, a varied soil tillage under the forecrop and the herbicide dose Huzar 05 WG on weed infestation and yield of Kris winter wheat. The experiment demonstrated that winter wheat grain in the stand after narrow-leaf lupin was m ...

Kuraszkiewicz, R., Palys, E.. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska. Sectio E Agricultura (Poland), 0365-1118. [n.d.]. Polish.

类型 :

Summary

Agrovoc术语 :

undersowing; lolium; sol sableux; plante de couverture; bilan hydrique; plantas de cobertura; poland; rendement des cultures; cultivos de primavera; secale cereale; field experimentation; sandy soils; cultivos asociados; suelo arenoso; polonia; leguminosae; crop yield; biomasse; siembra bajo cultivo; cultivos de invierno; avena sativa; plante cerealiere; pologne; spring crops; culture de printemps; hordeum vulgare; winter crops; trifolium; cereal crops; rendimiento de cultivos; semis sous couvert; experimentation au champ; biomass; melilotus alba; plante de culture associee; water balance; companion crops; culture d'hiver; trifolium pratense; cultivos de cereales; experimentacion en campo; trifolium repens; cover plants; biomasa; triticosecale; balance hidrico

摘要 :

The aim of the present research was to compare the influence of four cover crops plants and six undersown crop cultivars cultivated on light soil in the Lublin region. The field research was carried out in the years 1993-96 at the Experimental Station of Bezek near Chelm (Poland). The static field experiment was carried out by split-plot method in four replications. The field experiment includ ...

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