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Balakaj, S.G., Balakaj, G.T.. Scientific Journal of Russian RDI of Melioration Problems, 2222-1816. 2013. Russian.

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Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

methode d'irrigation; sorghum; crecimiento; croissance; rendement des cultures; plant water relations; russian federation; federation de russie; contenido de agua en el suelo; crop yield; teneur en eau du sol; metodos de riego; irrigation methods; soil water content; growth; relation plante eau; relaciones planta agua; rendimiento de cultivos; federacion de rusia

Abstract :

Growth, development and yield formation of grain sorghum under different irrigation methods was under study. Observations took place in the Rostov region in 2011-2013. Soil of the experimental plot is comman chernozem. The following variants were compared: 1st – without irrigation, 2nd – sprinkling, 3rd – by furrows, 4th – by furrow-slots, 5th – combined irrigation method: sprinkling from the ...

Monastyrskij, V.A., Babichev, A.N., Russian Research and Development Inst. of Melioration Problems. Novocherkassk. Scientific Journal of Russian RDI of Melioration Problems, 2222-1816. 2013. Russian.

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Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

teneur en matiere seche; contenido de materia seca; engrais vert; potatoes; rendement des cultures; solanum tuberosum; dry matter content; russian federation; federation de russie; green manures; crop yield; abonos verdes; pomme de terre; papa; rendimiento de cultivos; federacion de rusia

Abstract :

The summer planting potato was cultivated at irrigated ordinary chernozems in the Rostov region in 2011-2013. Used green manure crops were pea, lupine, buckwheat, spring rape, and brown mustard (Brassica juncea). The duration of vegetative period at all variants varied from 101 to 112 days. The relationship between the productivity of summer planting potato and green manure crop was establishe ...

Poluehktov, Ye.V., Ignatyuk, О.А., Balakaj, G.T., Balakaj, N.I.. Scientific Journal of Russian RDI of Melioration Problems, 2222-1816. 2013. Russian.

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Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

terre cultivee; russian federation; sustainability; gestion du sol; federation de russie; sostenibilidad; soil management; tierras cultivadas; cultivated land; agricultural landscape; durabilite; paysage agricole; manejo del suelo; federacion de rusia; paisaje agricola

Abstract :

The farming system at landscapes preserving and restoring soil fertility of agricultural lands have been developed. Typification of lands was made and the types of agricultural landscapes were allocated: plain, hollow-gully, and gully-field. The analysis of the current structure of arable areas was made and resulted in the assessment of structure's influence on the state of soil fertility. The ...

Kulygin, V.А.. Scientific Journal of Russian RDI of Melioration Problems, 2222-1816. 2013. Russian.

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Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

lutte thermique; oignon; potatoes; solanum tuberosum; plant water relations; control termico; vegetable crops; papa; thermal control; bioclimatology; relaciones planta agua; plante legumiere; onions; lycopersicon esculentum; cebolla; russian federation; hortalizas (plantas); federation de russie; bioclimatologie; brassica oleracea capitata; pomme de terre; cucumis sativus; relation plante eau; federacion de rusia; bioclimatologia

Abstract :

The determining bioclimatic coefficients (BC) is essential for improving methods and means of adjusting their irrigation modes. Investigation were carried out in the conditions of the Rostov region for 3 years. Calculating the BC was released by the method of A.M. Alpatyev and S.M. Alpatyev. It is established, that the maximal BC values for potatoes and vegetables reached at the critical perio ...

Senchukov, G.A., Novikova, I.V.. Scientific Journal of Russian RDI of Melioration Problems, 2222-1816. 2013. Russian.

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Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

irrigation goutte a goutte; irrigation rates; evapotranspiration; russian federation; federation de russie; dose d'irrigation; frutales; evapotranspiracion; bioclimatologie; deficit de humedad en el suelo; trickle irrigation; deficit hydrique du sol; dosis de riego; soil water deficit; fruit crops; bioclimatology; riego por goteo; federacion de rusia; plante fruitiere; bioclimatologia

Abstract :

The objective of the study was to substantiate the methods to determine irrigation requirements for agricultural crops under drip irrigation. According to the first method, the values of water consumption deficits should be determined by meteorological parameters for continuous number of years (more than 25 years), and the rated year should be chosen. After the rated year has been chosen (for ...

Grigorov, S.M., Orlov, A.S.. Scientific Journal of Russian RDI of Melioration Problems, 2222-1816. 2013. Russian.

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Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

regime thermique du sol; soil water regimes; rendement des cultures; abonos npk; crop yield; trickle irrigation; methode d'optimisation; rendimiento de cultivos; regimen termico del suelo; campana de vidrio; irrigation goutte a goutte; engrais npk; cloches; npk fertilizers; soil thermal regimes; optimization methods; russian federation; federation de russie; cloche; metodos de optimizacion; regime hydrique du sol; regimen hidrico del suelo; cucumis sativus; riego por goteo; federacion de rusia

Abstract :

The aim of this study was to increase the efficiency of cucumber production in the dry zone of light-chestnut soils of the Lower Volga region (the Volgograd region) through the development of innovative elements of water-saving cultivation technology in tunnel coverings using drip irrigation systems which can provide the yield of 50-90 t/ha standard fruits. The study has shown that maintaining ...

Kirichenko, A.V., Makarov, I.V., Stepanenko, S.S., Novocherkassk State Academy of Land Improvement. Scientific Journal of Russian RDI of Melioration Problems, 2222-1816. 2013. Russian.

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Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

riego; irrigation rates; russian federation; federation de russie; contenido de agua en el suelo; absorcion de agua; dose d'irrigation; teneur en eau du sol; absorption d'eau; irrigation; dosis de riego; rendimiento; yields; soil water content; water uptake; federacion de rusia; malus pumila; rendement

Abstract :

The study resulted in substantiation of drip irrigation rates for apple commercial orchards in the south of Russia. The studied cultivars were 'Goldspur' (in the Rostov Region), 'Gloster', 'Golden Delicious', 'Jonagold' (in the Krasnodar territory) planted in 2002. The soils of experiment plots were carbonated ordinary chernozems with heavy loam and light clay texture. The waterings were condu ...

Kuz'michev, A.A., Russian Research and Development Inst. of Melioration Problems. Novocherkassk. Scientific Journal of Russian RDI of Melioration Problems, 2222-1816. 2013. Russian.

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Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

regime thermique du sol; soil water regimes; rendement des cultures; abonos npk; crop yield; trickle irrigation; methode d'optimisation; rendimiento de cultivos; regimen termico del suelo; campana de vidrio; irrigation goutte a goutte; engrais npk; cloches; npk fertilizers; soil thermal regimes; optimization methods; russian federation; federation de russie; cloche; metodos de optimizacion; regime hydrique du sol; regimen hidrico del suelo; cucumis sativus; riego por goteo; federacion de rusia

Abstract :

It is established that the water volume discharging at the emptying of the diversion canals of 7 large irrigation systems (IS) is 51.2 million cub. m. Assuming the irrigation rate 1500-2500 cub. m/ha, this water volume enables additionally to irrigate the area 20.5 to 34 thousand ha, which equals to 10-17% from all irrigated lands at the given irrigation systems. Average annual melt water volu ...

Balakaj, S.G., Babichev, A.N., Russian Research and Development Inst. of Melioration Problems. Novocherkassk. Scientific Journal of Russian RDI of Melioration Problems, 2222-1816. 2013. Russian.

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Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

regime thermique du sol; soil water regimes; rendement des cultures; abonos npk; crop yield; trickle irrigation; methode d'optimisation; rendimiento de cultivos; regimen termico del suelo; campana de vidrio; irrigation goutte a goutte; engrais npk; cloches; npk fertilizers; soil thermal regimes; optimization methods; russian federation; federation de russie; cloche; metodos de optimizacion; regime hydrique du sol; regimen hidrico del suelo; cucumis sativus; riego por goteo; federacion de rusia

Abstract :

The objective of the study was to improve the growing technology of grain sorghum at irrigating chernozems of the Rostov region in order to increase the yield and efficiency of reclaimed land use. For this purpose the influence of irrigation regimes and moisture availability on growth, development, and yield of grain sorghum was studied. The field experiment comprised 6 variants: 1) without ir ...

Mikhajlin, A.A., Maksimov, V.P., Klimenko, I.V., Novocherkassk State Academy of Land Improvement. Scientific Journal of Russian RDI of Melioration Problems, 2222-1816. 2013. Russian.

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Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

sous solage; regadio; subsoladores; caracteristicas de la maquinaria; subsoiling; equipment characteristics; russian federation; federation de russie; subsoilers; sous soleuse; caracteristique du materiel; compactacion del suelo; terre irriguee; irrigated land; soil compaction; compactage du sol; element de materiel; labranza del subsuelo; federacion de rusia; equipment parts; elementos de maquinaria

Abstract :

The objective of the study was to improve the design of the working organ of a chisel plow. A hypothesis that the form, location and slope for elements of system of deformers influence on the dimension and form of soil destruction region was accepted. To test it a mounted chisel plow of GNCh-0,6U type was improved. Draught resistance of the improved device at the operating depths of 50 and 60 ...

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