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A CHARACTERIZATION OF PIG PRODUCTION IN THE MEXICAN EJIDO OF BLANCA FLOR, QUINTANA ROO  [2000]

Sanginés, L.. G., Departamento de Nutrición Animal, Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición "Salvador Zubirán", México D.F., México Castillo, R.M., Departamento de Nutrición Animal, Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición "Salvador Zubirán", México D.F., México Díaz, E.V., Instituto Tecnológico Agropecuario No.16, Chetumal, Quintana Roo, México Magaña, A.E., Departamento de Nutrición Animal, Instituto Nacional de la Nutrición "Salvador Zubirán", México D.F., México et al.

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Abstract
A survey was conducted to describe pig production of backyard type in the Mexican ejido of Blanca Flor, Quintana Roo. A study of the chemical composition of different plant species as possible locally available, alternative resources for animal feeding was included. A total of 51 pig producers selected at random were interviewed and on farm available feeds as alternative to maize currently given to pigs were selected and sampled according to the information provided by pig producers. Results of the survey indicated that pig husbandry is a livestock practice of this rural community during the last 10-20 years, with 6 pigs/producer on average. The Mexican Creole was the predominant pig genotype (84%) and animal fattening and reproduction were the main activities (43 and 37% respectively). Scavenging (50%), confinement (27%) and semi-scavenging (16%) were the major pig production systems. Either selling (77%) or selling and self-consumption (18%) and self consumption alone (5%) were the main purpose of pig production. No vaccination and deparasitation of the animals (94 and 63% respectively) were the common practice. Maize was mainly used for pig feeding (94%) and this feed was either harvested by the pig producers (47%) or buyed from other members of the ejido (22%). Fifty per cent of the pig producers combined maize with other locally available feeds and only 6% of the producers fed the animals with a commercial feed. Alternative feeds were roots and forage
. Roots containing 6.1, 6.0 and 6.2% of crude protein and 50.3, 70.9 and 72.5% of TDN were taro (Colocasia esculenta), macal (Xanthosoma sagittifolia) and yam (Dioscorea bulbifera). Sampled forages were the aerial part of putchih (Carica papaya), put (Pileus mexicanus), guarumbo (Crecropia obtusifolia), xiachok (Psychrotria pubescens), altamisa (Parathenium hysterophorus) and xanabmucuy (Euphorbia hirta) and contained 10.7, 26.1, 16.3, 18.9, 21.1 and 17.3% of crude protein and 63.3, 64.0, 64.3, 63.4, 59.8 and 54.7% TDN respectively. In spite of its low productivity, pig production subsisted in 100% of the pig produced interviewed, thus indicating the needs of the design of adequate technologies for this animal specie. On the other hand the use of different proportions ofevaluated plant resources can be recommended as alternative feeds for pigs.
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Other subjects

  • explotacion agricola colectiva
  • racine
  • tubercule
  • collective farming
  • porcin
  • raices
  • forrajes
  • forage
  • roots
  • swine
  • tubers
  • agriculture collective
  • cerdo
  • fourrage
  • tuberculo

From the journal

Revista Computadorizada de Producción Porcina (Cuba)

ISSN : 1026-9053

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