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AN APPROACH TO CUBAN CREOLE PIG POPULATION IN WESTERN AND CENTRAL CUBA. 1999-2006  [2008]

Santana, I., Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas. Gaveta Postal No. 1, Punta Brava. La Habana, Cuba Ly, J., Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas. Gaveta Postal No. 1, Punta Brava. La Habana, Cuba

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Records concerning inventories of pigs throughout Cuba were collected from the Group of Pig Production, Ministry of Agricultura, and all information from 1999 to 2006 was evaluated in order to describe the evolution of populations of Cuban Creole pigs reared in the best and center regions of Cuba. There was not significant (P0.05) effect in the season x region interaction. It was found that pure Cuban Creole pig population significantly (P0.001) decreased between 1999 and 2006, from 309.9 to 151.7 thounsand animals. It was not the same for crossed pigs. Overall, the decrease in the inventories related to animals considered as local pigs and its crosses was significant (Pa0.001) too, from 690.0 to 435.7 thousand pigs. It was found that between 1999 and 2006, Cuban Creole pig population decreased at a rate of 30.7 thousand pigs per annum (R2, 0.706; P0.001). The percentage of pigs considered as pure creoles was significantly (P0.001) reduced from 46.8 to 34.8% when the first and the second four years-period were compared. A suggestion to further study populations of Cuban Creole pigs is made, and it is considerably urgent to decide how to keep pure pigs, particularly in genetic reservoir sites throughout the country, linked to a policy of application of economic alternatives to render Cuban Creole pigs a sustainable practice.

From the journal

Revista Computadorizada de producción Porcina (Cuba)

ISSN : 1026-9053

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