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PIG PRODUCTION THROUGH A BIPHASIC SYSTEM. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CUBAN TYPE  [2003]

Heredia, J., Conill y Avenida de la Independencia CP 10600 Grupo Empresarial Porcino Ministerio de la Agricultura Pírez, R., Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas. Gaveta Postal No. 1, Punta Brava. La Habana, Cuba Muñiz, M., Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas. Gaveta Postal No. 1, Punta Brava. La Habana, Cuba López, O., Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas. Gaveta Postal No. 1, Punta Brava. La Habana, Cuba et al.

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Abstract
An evaluation of the biphasic (bi-site) system of pig production (PBC in Spanish) in Cuba during the period from 1997 to 2002 was made. The PBC system was introduced in the middle of 1999 by the Group of Pig Production, from the Ministry of Agriculture, and coexisted with the former, monophasic system (PMC in Spanish) of pig production. The essential difference between both systems is that pig fattening in the SBC is conducted by pig producers in sites other from installations of the specialized, State's pig enterprises, through agreement between both involved parts. There were no substantial changes in herd size of breeding sows located in multiplication centres pertaining to the specialized pig enterprises (on average, 38.54 thousand of sows). During the three first years of PBC set up, pig production in the Group's enterprises (live weight, t/year) was from 27.4 to 23.1% of total pig production in the country, and from 15.2 to 23.4% under pig producers and selling operations, although the changes was not significant (P0.05) yet. It was found a decrease in conversion of feed originated in feed industry (from 3.70 to 3.33 t/t live weight; P0.05) and a drastic decrease in feed produced by industry (from 141.7 to 96.3 thousand t; P0.01) due to feed produced in situ by pigrearing persons under agreement for fattening animals. According to the results of the current work, it was evident that it was feasible to establish in Cuba a new type of pig production in
two sites, by centering piglets in specialized pig enterprises, whereas the growing-fattening phase could be carried out by farmers, not necessarily in intensive conditions. This new type of relationship trends to render considerably profitable pig production in the country, by persuading the farmers to fattening the animals by using alimentary resources to be obtained on farm, therefore avoiding risky and considerably expensive operations by preparing rations elaborated with imported feedstuffs.
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Other subjects

  • food production
  • porcin
  • Producción bifásica porcina, Sisitemasq de producción
  • viande porcine
  • carne de cerdo
  • pork
  • swine
  • economics
  • produccion alimentaria
  • economia
  • production alimentaire
  • cerdo
  • economie
  • cuba

From the journal

Revista Computadorizada de Producción Porcina (Cuba)

ISSN : 1026-9053

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