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Paper

Written Paper

Savanization - a concept to establish green belts in Israel's desert areas.  [1992]

Wolff P. Kassel Gesamthochschule, Witzenhausen (Germany). Fachbereich Internationale Agrarwirtschaft. Fachgebiet Kulturtechnik und Wasserwirtschaft [Corporate Author] Ministerio da Agricultura, Lisbon (Portugal). Gabinete do Ministro. [Corporate Author]

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Israel's total area is only 21946 square km and over 60% of this is classified as desert or semi-arid. The use of these arid lands has been a challenge to the people of Israel ever since the state was founded in 1948. Many attempts have been made to develop the Negev, Israel's southern desert. A more recent attempt is the Savanization-Programme of the Land Development Authority of the Jewish National Fund. The main intention of the programme is to form a green belt around settlements or to establish parks, camping sites etc.. The concept of this programme is described. By using elements of the run-off-farming method a new vegetation scenery in the desert is created. Ornamental and fruit trees are combined at appropriate sites and retention of water in basins etc. permits development of a natural herbal growth. Critical questions in respect of the cost/benefit ratio, the displacement of nomadic tribes and the effects of the savanization on the water balance and the ecology of the respective areas are made.

From the journal

Tropenlandwirt

ISSN : 0041-3186

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