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Assessment of the Nutritionally Essential Minerals and Physiochemical Properties of Infant Milk Food Commercially Available in Kuwait  [2016]

Alfred Kojo Anderson Maryam Ali Bu-Hamdi Meshari Al-Harbi

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Abstract:This study investigated the essential nutritional minerals and physiochemical properties of infant milk formulas available in commercial markets in Kuwait. The aim was to assess the extent to which Kuwaiti infants are receiving daily nutritional requirements to meet the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) and Adequate Intakes (AI). Twenty-one infant formulas in four age groups – 0-6 months, 6-12 months, 1-3 years, and 3-6 years – were obtained from local sources for the study. Measured values of essential elements and certain physiochemical properties were compared with data certified by manufacturers of the products. Data obtained showed no significant differences in moisture content between labeled and measured values for all tested infant formula samples. Measured protein levels were found to be within internationally recommended values. The daily intake of essential elements in the formula brands for 0-6 month olds was above or near RDA and AI values, whereas intake values for formula brands for the age groups 1-3 years and 3-6 years were all less than RDA and AI values. This study found that for the most part, milk formulas sold in commercial markets in Kuwait meet the nutritional requirements for children during their first year of growth. However, adequate measures must be put into place to ensure compliance, particularly beyond the first year of life.

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Assessment of the Nutritionally Essential Minerals and Physiochemical Properties of Infant Milk Food Commercially Available in Kuwait