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Effects of fenugreek and fennel seeds on growth performance and reducing the population of gut micro flora in broiler chicks  [2010]

Kalantar, M., Scientific Board Member of Agricultural Research Center of Qom Dakhili, M., Scientific Board Member of Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch

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Abstract
180 day-old broiler chicks from Ross strain were used to determine the effects of Trigonella foenum-graecum (Fenugreek) and Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel), in feed on growth performance traits including: Average daily feed intake (ADFI), average daily gain (ADG) and feed conversion rate (FCR) and on antimicrobial activity of gut micro flora traits including: total number of bacteria in samples (TNB), number of G- bacteria in samples (NGB), number of Coli form bacteria in samples (NCFB) and recognition of Salmonella throughout the samples gathered from Ileum of chicks of different treatments. Trial containing 4 treatments (rations) and 3 replicates with 12 pens and 15 chickens per each pen (totally 180 chicks).Rations were balanced by NRC tables for different stages of growth from 1-21 and 21-42 days of old. The treatments were: 1. Control diet (without additives), 2. Diet accompanied with 2 mentioned mixed powder plants (0.5% of total diet), 3. Diet with TF mixed powder plant and 4. Diet with FV mixed powder plant. All of additives through of diets were mixed to 0.5% of total diet weights. According to the results the most ADFI (116.19 and 116.02gr/d) and ADG (53.30 and 52.98gr/d) related to treatment number 4 and 2 respectively. They were significantly different with other treatments (p0.05).Mentioned measures for treatments number 3 and 1(control) were 103.19, 112.88 and 45.26, 50.39 gr/d respectively. FCR for treatment number 4, 2, 3 and 1 were 2.19, 2.18
2.28 and 2.24 respectively. The treatment group of 4 and 2 had a significant different with 3 or 1(p0.05). Also culturing analysis of gut micro flora samples shown that the lowest total count of bacteria (TNB) belonged to number 2 and then 3 treatments with measure of 8.83 for both of them (on basis of log10). The highest count belonged to control and then to number 4 treatments with counting of 10.00 and 9.50 respectively. The differences between two groups were significant (p0.05). By the same way, this algorithm repeated for counting of G- and Coli form bacteria, so the treatments 3 and 2 had the lowest (7.33 and 7.83 for G- , 6.00 and 6.50 for Coli form), and the treatments 1 and 4 had the highest (both 9.33 for G- , 9.00 and 7.17 for Coli form) counting of bacteria through the samples. The differences between this two groups for 2 type of bacteria were significant (p0.05).Results of culturing and isolating Salmonella for all the samples were negative.
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Other subjects

  • controle de performance
  • performance testing
  • drug plants
  • poulet de chair
  • plantas medicinales
  • pruebas de rendimiento
  • pollo de engorde
  • plante medicinale
  • broiler chickens

From the journal

Animal Sciences Journal

ISSN : 1019-9632

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