Written Paper

Effect of Ventilation and Atmospheric Ammonia on the Health and Performance of Broiler Chickens in Summer  [2013]

Nadir Alloui Mohamed Nabil Allou Omar. Bennoune Salah. Bouhentala

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This study was carried out during summer season on two broiler buildings with a capacity of10000 each one. The first building with natural ventilation while the second was recentlyrenovated with dynamic ventilation system composed of 10 ventilators with a capacity of 5000m3/hour/unit. The results of this experiment showed that ammonia concentration was higher in thebuilding with natural ventilation during various breeding phases. The average concentration ofammonia in the building with natural ventilation was already higher than standard levels from thethird week of breeding (16.5 ppm) and reached higher and alarming levels at the seventh week(31.5ppm). Dynamic ventilation in the second building made possible decrease in thisconcentration that reach 19.5 ppm at the fourth week and 13.50 ppm at the end of breeding(week7). The variation of the ammonia levels in the building with dynamic ventilation is in closerelationship to the ventilation flow and working time of the extractor fans. Mortality in thebuilding with natural ventilation was twice higher than that with dynamic ventilation (10.5 vs.4.5%). The presence of dynamic ventilation has also positively influenced the performanceparameters of chicken. The day56, live weight of broiler chickens in the poultry house of dynamicventilation was superior to that of broiler chickens in building of natural ventilation (1870 vs.1682gr). This is confirmed by better feed conversion (1.98 vs. 2.66). In the building wi
th naturalventilation, examination of 50 chickens shows the presence of conjunctivitis in animals (20%).