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A New Garlic Cultivar 'Alkae' and Scape Removal Affects Bulb Growth  [2011]

Choi, Y.H., Namhae Sub-Station, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA, Namhae, Republic of Korea Kim, H.L., Namhae Sub-Station, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA, Namhae, Republic of Korea Kim, H.D., Namhae Sub-Station, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA, Namhae, Republic of Korea Kwak, Y.B., Namhae Sub-Station, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA, Namhae, Republic of Korea

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Abstract
This study was carried out to investigate characteristics of new garlic cultivar 'Alkae' and to identify the effect of scape removal on bulb characteristics and growth of garlic cultivar 'Alkae' and 'Namdo'. Bolting time and harvesting time were earlier about 20 days in 'Alkae' than those in 'Namdo'. 'Alkae' was inferior to 'Namdo' in top growth as plant height, number of leaves, leaf area, SPAD value, diameter of leaf sheath, and so on. but root developing was better in 'Alkae'. Bulb weight of 'Alkae' was 17% more than that of 'Namdo', harvested on proper time. The ratio of bulb weight over 40 g was almost double in 'Namdo' as 48% with 'Alkae' as 25%. Occurrence of bulb cracking was more considerable in 'Alkae' and the number of clove per bulb was 1.9 more in 'Alkae' than 'Namdo', but the ratio of bulb rot during storage was higher in 'Namdo' than 'Alkae'. In treatments of scape removal, SPAD value did not show any difference between two cultivars. Leaf dryness was earlier and harder than control and leaf area showed the same tendency as leaf dryness, and there were no significant differences among the methods of scape removal. The bulb weight and the ratio of bulb weight over 40 g at 50 days after the harvest of 'Alkae', 'Namdo' were more 10%, 12% and 27%, 44% in scape removal treatment than control. and there were no significant differences among the methods of scape removal. So, scape removal was very effective to increase large bulb production in the
two garlic cultivals and the effect was higher in 'Namdo' than 'Alkae'. The ratio of bulb cracking and the occurrence of bulb rot were almost same in with the scape removal and non removal groups And also there were no significant differences among the methods of scape removal.
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Other subjects

  • garlic
  • scape removal
  • ail
  • ajo
  • bulb growth
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Other information

Language : Korean

Type : Directory

In AGRIS since : 2013

Volume : 20

Issue : 1

Start Page : 27

End Page : 32

All titles :

" A New Garlic Cultivar 'Alkae' and Scape Removal Affects Bulb Growth "

" 마늘 신품종 '올캐' 특성 및 화경제거가 구 비대에 미치는 영향 "