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Microbiological characteristics and effect on plants of the organic fertilizer from vermicompost and bat guano  [2015]

Grantina-Ievina, L., Latvian Plant Protection Research Centre, Riga (Latvia);University of Latvia, Riga (Latvia) Ievinsh, G., Latvian Plant Protection Research Centre, Riga (Latvia);University of Latvia, Riga (Latvia)

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There is an increasing demand in the development of new and better types of organic plant fertilizers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate if the beneficial effect of vermicompost on plant growth and development could be further promoted by adding different amounts of bat guano using two model species under controlled conditions, as well as to assess the microbiological characteristics of bat guano and soil after its application. The study was performed at the Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia, during 2013 and 2014. The amount of bacteria was significantly lower in guano in comparison to vermicompost samples. No actinobacteria were present, but yeasts were found in the guano sample. Soil fungal populations after the application of organic fertilizer from vermicompost and bat guano were dominated by potentially plant growth promoting fungi Trichoderma and Mortierella. However, at increased guano concentration (300 g kg˗1) the proportion of potentially plant pathogenic fungi significantly increased. Addition of bat guano to vermicompost fertilizer significantly enhanced the positive effect of the fertilizer on growth and development of winter rye (Secale cereale L.) and potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plants.

From the journal

Research for Rural Development. International Scientific Conference Proceedings (Latvia)

ISSN : 1691-4031