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AGRO-ECONOMICAL EVALUATION OF CRIMEAN INDIGENOUS GRAPE VARIETIES  [2015]

Borisenko M. N. Likhovsky V. V. Studennikova N. L. Troshin L. P. et al. National Research Institute for Vine and Wine "Magarach" [Corporate Author] Institut of Vine and Wine “Magarach” [Corporate Author] JSC "Solnechnaja Dolina" [Corporate Author] Kuban State Agrarian University [Corporate Author]

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The article presents the results of the studies of 11 varieties cultivated in the eastern region of South Coast wine-growing zone of Crimea (planting of "Solnechnaja Dolina ", near Sudak mountain) in the area of their natural growing, where was formed the gene pool of grapes for a long time. As a result, the three-year (2010-2012) study found that the majority of indigenous varieties had small number of fruitbearing shoots in the bush: the varieties with colored berry - 53,3-73,3%, in white-berry - 46,6-75,9% except Shabash variety - 79.9%. We have identified the most productive varieties which were Dzhevat kara (62.2 t / ha), Kokur Beliy (48.9 t / ha), Kapselsky Beliy (44.4 t / ha), and varieties with female type of flower: Kefesiya, Ekim kara, Kock pandas, Sary pandas and Crona gave not high yield: 22.2; 22.2; 24.4; 28.9 and 28.9 t / ha. On the strength of growth, productivity and the accumulation of sugars in the juice of berries, we picked out varieties of Dzhevat kara, Crona, Kapselsky beliy. According to the main economic indicators, it turned out that the most profitable varieties are Dzhevat Kara, Kokur beliy and Kapselsky beliy. Hence, these varieties in conditions of the Crimea have much greater prospect of reproduction and development of production

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Polythematic Online Scientific Journal of Kuban State Agrarian University

ISSN : 1990-4665