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LEGUMES AND WHEAT IN SOLVING THE PROBLEM OF PROTEIN FOR FOOD AND FEED IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION  [2016]

G. A. Debelyj Merzlikin, A. S.

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Abstract
Results of analytical work following the results of agricultural 2014 year in the country. Dynamics of total yields of grain and leguminous crops in the Russian Federation during the last years is shown. Insignificant increase of pulse crops in comparison to grain crops affects support of production of protein rich production of plant growing, constrains the decision of food provide of the population and keeps dependence of animal husbandry on import of soya, soya oil- seed meal and other protein rich components of forages for agricultural animals and poultry. According to data of Rosstat and the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation for 2014 and 2013 years the selective data on productivity of winter- and spring wheat, leguminous crops, including on peas on country regions is cited. The presented materials testify to expediency of cultivation practically in all regions of the country, along with grain, of peas, lupin and other leguminous crops as source of phytalbumin for the food purposes and for feeding of animals, and also as valuable predecessors of winter- and spring wheat. The offer on necessity of change in the ratio of procurement prices of production of leguminous crops and grain as it took place till the 90th years of the XX-th century is proved.
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Other subjects

  • profitability
  • regions
  • legumes
  • spring wheat
  • winter wheat
  • determinate varieties
  • semileafless varieties
  • products
  • peas
  • productivity
  • import substitution.
  • price
  • food security

From the journal

Legumes and Groat Crops