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PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF DURUM WHEAT GROATS IN THE SELECTION PROCESS  [2016]

Malchikov, P.N. Zotikov, V.I. Sidorenko, V.S. Shabolkina, E.N. et al.

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Expansion of the market of groats products from durum wheat, both in Russia and abroad (brand groats «Bulgar», «couscous», «Poltavskaya», «Artek») and the absence in Russia of specialized cultivars, suggest that the selection of a firm wheat groats destination can be not only a successful research project, but agricultural production Russia will demand its results. In this regard, the Samara Research Scientific Institute of Agriculture and the All-Russia Research Institute of Legumes and Groat Crops evaluated cultivars and breeding lines of durum wheat pasta and groats destination. Groats destination lines were derived from crosses of durum wheat (cultivar Pamayaty Chekhovich) and resistant to lodging with high protein content in the grain sample emmer (Triticum dicoccum Shuebl., k-9934). The study of this material in the field experiments carried out in Orel (2014-2015) and in Bezenchuk (2013-2015). By the usual method in the selection of self-pollinating crops. The protein content, gluten, its quality and grouts dignity recommendation determined by the technological procedures. Results are as follows: 1) in the process of selection of durum wheat established breeding material is not inferior spelled (cultivar Runo) on the nutritional value, taste, smell and consistency of porridge and surpassing its content of carotenoids, color, resistance to the germination of the bud; 2) obtained directions grouts breeding lines have a high yield (realized the potenti
al of 6.0 t / ha), the general rate of response to environmental conditions - drought adaptability and responsiveness to favorable conditions

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Legumes and Groat Crops