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Status of animal feed industries in Thailand  [2009]

Natchanok Amornthewaphat(Kasetsart University, Bangkok (Thailand). Faculty of Agro-Industry. Department of Product Development)

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Total of forty one voluntaried feed production plants including those of poultry swine prawn fish feed and pet food were included in this survey. Results showed that, of the 41 feed plants, 60.6 percent (25 plants) had the production capacity less than 10,000 tons per month, 9.1 percent (4 plants) had the production capacity between 10,000-15,000 tons per month and 12.1 percent (5 plants) had the production capacity more than 15,000 tons per month. Swine layer and prawn feeds were manufactured into three different feed forms including mash, crumble and pelleted form. Poultry and duck feeds were manufactured into pelleted and crumble form. Pellet diameters were 2-4 mm for swine and poultry feeds and 1.6-2.2 mm for prawn feed. Meanwhile fish feed and pet food were manufactured in extruded form. On the raw material point of view, three major ingredients used in a feed production in Thailand ranked by percentage of feed plants used were corn, broken rice and cassava chip for carbohydrate source, palm oil, fish oil and lecithin for fat source, soybean meal, extruded soybean and rapeseed meal for plant protein source, fish meal, whey and poultry meal for animal protein source, rice bran, defatted rice bran and wheat bran for fiber source as well as limestone, dicalciumphosphate and monocalciumphosphate for vitamin and mineral source. The major concerns for the animal feed materials were high price such as corn, broken rice, cassava soybeanmeal, rice bran, defatt
ed rice bran, and palm oil. The percentage of 85.3 feed mills agreed to use substituted materials such as mung bean meal, peanut meal, oil seed meal, cassava meal. The biological feed additives used in animal feed were phytase enzyme, mannan oligosaccharide, Bacillus subtilis, propionic acid and mixed herbs.