Habitat Exploitation by Free-ranging Saguinus niger in Eastern Amazonia  [2008]

Oliveira, Ana Cristina M. Ferrari, Stephen F.

Access the full text:

We monitored the foraging behavior of the members of a group of black-handed tamarins (Saguinus niger) at a site in eastern Amazonia. Their diet was frugivorous-insectivorous, but also included pod exudate of Parkia pendula. The focal group used all 3 types of forest--primary, logged, and secondary-- in all months, but differentially between seasons. In the dry season, tamarins spent more than half of activity time in primary forest and less than a third in secondary forest whereas during the wet season, the proportions were reversed. Data on resource abundance indicated that the shift in habitat preference is related to a seasonal change in the distribution of fruit sources, with a larger number of species and individuals fruiting during the wet season. We recorded no such variation in the abundance of arthropods. While using a larger area, including more secondary forest, during the wet season, the group traveled significantly shorter distances each day, reflecting the availability of a larger number of fruit sources. Overall, the results reemphasize the ecological and behavioral flexibility of Saguinus niger and their ability to cope with habitat disturbance.

Other subjects

  • foraging strategies
  • diet
  • ranging behavior
  • ecological flexibility

From the journal

International journal of primatology

ISSN : 0164-0291