Greenhouse gas emission from direct seeding paddy field under different rice tillage systems in central China  [2009]

Ahmad, Shahrear Li, Chengfang Dai, Guangzhao Zhan, Ming et al.

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Agricultural tillage practices play an important role in the production and/or consumption of green house gas (GHG) that contributes substantially to the observed global warming. Central China is one of the world's major rice producing areas but a few studies have tried to characterize the mechanisms of GHG release from rice paddy field and quantify global warming (GWPs) based on GHGs emission on this region. In this study four tillage systems consisting of no-tillage with no fertilizer (NT0), conventional tillage with no fertilizer (CT0), no-tillage with compound fertilizer (NTC) and conventional tillage with compound fertilizer (CTC) applications in rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivation were compared in terms of the carbon dioxide (CO₂), methane (CH₄) and nitrous oxide (N₂O) emissions from different tillage systems of the subtropical region of China during the rice growing season in 2008. GWPs based on CO₂, CH₄ and N₂O's cumulative emissions were also compared. Tillage and fertilization had no influence on CO₂ emissions. No-tillage had no effect on N₂O emissions but significantly affected CH₄ emissions. Application of fertilizer significantly affected CH₄ and N₂O emissions. Higher CH₄ emissions and lower N₂O emissions were observed in CTC than in NTC. Cumulative CH₄ emission flux in NTC was 51.68gCH₄ m⁻² while it was 65.96gCH₄ m⁻² in CTC, 28% (p <0.05) higher than that in NTC. Cumulative N₂O emission flux in CTC was 561.00mgN₂Om⁻², and was 741.71mgN₂Om⁻² in
NTC, 33% (p <0.05) higher than that in CTC. There was no significant difference in N₂O emissions between NT0 and CT0 systems, but significant in CH₄ emissions. GWP of CTC was 26011.58kgCO₂ ha⁻¹, which was 12% higher than that in NTC (23361.3kgCO₂ ha⁻¹), therefore our findings show that no-tillage system was an effective strategy to reduce GWP from rice paddies in central China and thus can serve as a good agricultural system for environmental conservation.

Other subjects

  • crop production
  • Oryza sativa
  • greenhouse gases
  • direct seeding
  • global warming
  • paddy soils
  • gas emissions
  • air pollution
  • rice
  • tillage
  • fertilizer application

From the journal

Soil & tillage research

ISSN : 0167-1987