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Cell morphology and chemical characteristics of corn stover fractions  [2012]

Li, Zhiyong Zhai, Huamin Zhang, Yan Yu, Li

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Abstract
This paper investigated cell morphology, chemical components, lignin distribution and inorganic elements distribution of corn stover fractions. Corn stover fractions, classified as stalk rind, stalk pith and leaf, had different tissues, cell morphology and chemical compositions. Corn stalk rind had good fiber morphological characteristics for papermaking, while stalk pith, having short fibers and high contents of parenchyma and vessel, was not suitable for papermaking. Stalk rind had the highest lignin and cellulose content but the lowest hemicellulose content among all the fractions. The major ash-forming elements in corn stover fractions were potassium, chlorine, silica, calcium, magnesium and sulfur. Potassium and chlorine took more than 86% of total inorganic elements in stalk rind while silica content was much higher in leaf and stalk pith than that in stalk rind. Perivascular sclerenchyma and subepidermal sclerenchyma of stalk rind were more lignified than the other tissues. The highest lignin concentration existed in cell middle lamella and corner. All corn stover fractions could be good biorefinery feedstock based on their main chemical compositions, though they are obviously heterogeneous in aspects of cell morphology and chemical characteristics.
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Other subjects

  • hemicellulose
  • calcium
  • potassium
  • silica
  • feedstocks
  • fiber content
  • magnesium
  • lignin
  • biorefining
  • papermaking
  • chlorine
  • corn stover
  • cell biology
  • leaves
  • cellulose
  • sclerenchyma
  • pith
  • sulfur
  • parenchyma

From the journal

Industrial crops and products

ISSN : 0926-6690

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