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ε-PolyLysine production from sugar cane molasses by a new isolates of Bacillus sp. and optimization of the fermentation condition  [2013]

Shukla, Swet Chand Mishra, Abha

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An attempt was made to use cane molasses as a culture medium for ε-PolyLysine (ε-PL) production by a natural bacterial isolate. The bacterium was identified as Bacillus sp., as confirmed by 16S rDNA sequence analysis. A BLAST result of the sequence indicated that the closest relative of this Bacillus BHU strain was B. thuringiensis, with 97 % homology. The molasses was found to be a better culture medium compared to commonly used culture media comprised of either glucose or glycerol as a carbon source. The various physicochemical parameters were studied for culture growth and polymer production, and were further optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). The correlation coefficient of the resulting model was found to be R² = 0.9828. The RSM predicted optimum conditions for ε-PL production (2.46 g/l) by the Bacillus strain was achieved by using molasses, 59.7 g/l; yeast extract, 15.2 mg/l; pH, 6.8 and fermentation time, 42 h at 30 °C. This study represents the first report on the potential application of cane molasses (a byproduct of sugarcane industries) as a culture medium for ε-PL production by Bacillus species. The specific Bacillus strain used in the present study can be exploited for developing a novel technology using inexpensive renewable resources for ε-PL production, a polymer of commercial interest.

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Annals of microbiology

ISSN : 1590-4261

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