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70 years of small grains breeding at Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops in Novi Sad [Serbia]  [2008]

Dencic, S. Mladenov, N. Przulj, N. Kobiljski, B. et al.

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2008, the Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops in Novi Sad (Serbia) will celebrate its 70th anniversary. The Institute breeding program included small grains from its very foundation back in 1938 and 372 cultivars of these species have been developed since as a result. The highest amount of breeding work has been done on wheat and barley. The dominance of NS wheat and barley cultivars began in the early 1970s and has contunued ever since. The IFVC small grains program rests in three basic postulates, namely the definition of breeding goals, development of genetic variability, and identification of superior genotypes. The actual breeding work has consisted in the conception of a specific cultivar ideotype by each breeder and subsequent efforts to attain the desired breeding goals. To create genetic variability, the method of artificially hybridizing two or more genotypes was used. The last years have been marked by intensive work on molecular markers, namely microsatellites. In addition to the work on identifying particular traits (genes) in multiple genotypes using known markers major efforst are under way to utilize microsatellite markers for marker-assisted selection (MA) as well.

(Revue

Zbornik radova - Institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo (Serbia)

ISSN : 0354-7698

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