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Paper

Written Paper

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This study examines the relationship between transport infrastructure and agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa using new data obtained from geographic information systems (GIS). First, the authors analyze the impact of road connectivity on crop production and choice of technology. Second, they explore the impact of investments that reduce road travel times. Finally, they show how this type ...

SUBJECT: crop land; travel speeds; access to technology; calories per day; crops

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Agriculture is a very important socioeconomic sector in Kazakhstan. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan (GRK) introduced a national compulsory crop insurance scheme in 2005 in order to provide grain producers and other farmers with a minimum level of protection against catastrophic climatic events. The overall objective of the current study is to assist the GRK in improving the ...

SUBJECT: soils; poor farmers; crop insurance scheme; allocation; international reinsurance

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Climate-induced livelihood transitions in the agricultural systems of Africa are increasingly likely. A recent study by Jones and Thornton (2009) points to the possibility of such climate-induced livelihood transitions in the mixed crop-livestock rainfed arid-semiarid systems of Africa. These mixed systems cover over one million square kilometers of farmland in West Africa, Eastern Afri ...

SUBJECT: annual rainfall; crop land; villages; agricultural extension; road network

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The impacts of climate change on agriculture are projected to be significant in coming decades, so response strategies, and their likely costs, should be evaluated now. That is why this study produced an open-access, crop-climate-economic impact modeling platform for Latin America and the Caribbean, that can be extended to other regions, then modified and improved by users as new crop, ...

SUBJECT: estimates of climate change; climate scenarios; agricultural emissions; extreme weather; fertilization effect

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Agriculture is a very important socioeconomic sector in Kazakhstan. The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan (GRK) introduced a national compulsory crop insurance scheme in 2005 in order to provide grain producers and other farmers with a minimum level of protection against catastrophic climatic events. The overall objective of the current study is to assist the GRK in improving the ...

SUBJECT: soils; poor farmers; crop insurance scheme; allocation; international reinsurance

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Agriculture is the dominant sector of the economy, contributing a third of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and about half of Rwanda’s export earnings. The government of Rwanda has therefore made agricultural development a priority and allocated significant resources to improving productivity, expanding the livestock sector, promoting sustainable land management, and developin ...

SUBJECT: consumer demand; agricultural extension; cassava processing; dry season; cropping patterns

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Niger, owing to its climatic, institutional, livelihood, economic, and environmental context, is one of the most vulnerable countries of the world. Poverty is pervasive in Niger and it ranks low on almost all the human development indicators. Agriculture is the most important sector of Niger's economy and accounts for over 40 percent of national gross domestic product (GDP) and is the p ...

SUBJECT: pastoral areas; grazing lands; poor; cereal production; herding groups

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The overall objective of the Comprehensive Assessment of the Agricultural Sector (CAAS) is to provide an evidence base to enable appropriate strategic policy responses by the Government of Liberia (GoL) and its development partners in order to maximize the contribution of the agriculture sector to the Government's overarching policy objectives. Given the strong relationship between grow ...

SUBJECT: juices; fish farmers; agricultural extension; dry season; farm

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

There is increasing interest in climate change issues in Indonesia particularly in the lead-up to the COP13 or Copenhagen meeting in Bali in December 2007 when there was renewed focus on Indonesia as the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the world due to deforestation, peat-land degradation, and forest fires. In Indonesia, the agriculture sector employs the largest shar ...

SUBJECT: rice areas; species; farming activities; national emissions; agricultural extension

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Africa has great potential for agriculture. Although international commodity prices have been buoyant, Africa’s supply response seems to be weak. A variety of constraints may exist. Using the case of Tanzania, the paper examines the impact of market connectivity, domestic and international, on farmers’ crop choices. It is shown that the international market connectivity, measured by tra ...

SUBJECT: coffee; global markets; irrigation water; household size; road