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Paper

Written Paper

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Disease risks to humans, animals, and plants are determined by interconnected environmental variables that affect incidence, transmission, and outbreak. Climate change affects many of the environmental variables that lead to disease. Regardless of the species involved, the impacts can ultimately affect the health, livelihood, and economic security of humans. The objective of this World ...

SUBJECT: virus; domestic animals; grazing lands; influenza; treatment

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This study aims to build on the findings from the previously mentioned studies, and seeks to provide more detailed information on the costs of the various functions and categories of expenditure involved in the establishment and operation of system for the prevention and control of emerging zoonotic diseases at country and global level. It will also seek to provide information on effici ...

SUBJECT: human fatalities; virus; pandemic influenza; tetanus; influenza

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Whether living in urban or rural environments, humans tend to perceive the world around them as being shaped by culture and industry more than by natural history. Humans, however, are part of a biological continuum that covers all living species. Charles Darwin's 200th birthday in 2009 could serve to remind us of this. All animals, including humans but also plants, fungi, and bacteria, ...

SUBJECT: virus; terrestrial animal; pandemic influenza; influenza; surveillance system

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This report reviews some of the accomplishments of the Global Program for Avian Influenza Control and Human Pandemic Preparedness and Response (GPAI). This multisectoral program comprised 72 projects in 60 developing countries in all regions and received $1.3 billion in financing from the World Bank. This support for GPAI projects was one of the World Bank s contributions to a coordinat ...

SUBJECT: pandemic influenza; influenza; surveillance system; human influenza; vaccination policy

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Laboratories provide essential services to the health sector on the monitoring and treatment of disease. Routine implementation of new diagnostic techniques may be costly; therefore, understanding their clinical utility, impact, and cost-effectiveness are necessary to guide decisions as to whether and how such techniques should be implemented. In this study, the authors design a concept ...

SUBJECT: pharmacy; virus; monitoring; new technology; drug resistance

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Global efforts continue to work towards ensuring a world capable of preventing, detecting, and responding to animal and public health risks attributable to zoonoses and animal diseases. Drawing on achievements and experiences of the past five years, the fifth global progress report was produced to support the discussions and to provide a record of key outcomes from international ministe ...

SUBJECT: human fatalities; influenza experts; virus; disaster planning; pandemic influenza

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

What can other developing countries learn from Sri Lanka on achieving good health at low cost? While its well-organized medical and maternal-child health services have been documented elsewhere, this paper fills a gap in documenting how it organizes services to reduce the population's exposure to disease -- a pure public good. The key factors underlying the effectiveness of these servic ...

SUBJECT: food poisoning; newborn; community participation; influenza; policy formulation

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This toolkit draws on the expertise of public health practitioners who have experience with public health surveillance and who have recognized the core role of surveillance in public health. These practitioners have advocated for surveillance programs, supplied innovative ideas, and provided insightful critiques over many years. This toolkit also draws on the experience of Bank staff and ...

SUBJECT: basic health; tetanus; influenza; health authorities; treatment

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This report draws on a comprehensive review of the literature and on input from policy makers, researchers, and practitioners to address four questions: (1) how is the growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and road traffic injuries (RTIs) changing the epidemiology of Sub-Saharan Africa? (2) What determines and drives this burden, and what are the commonalities with communic ...

SUBJECT: cervical cancer; virus; chronic conditions; treatment; communicable disease

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This document describes the purpose and context of the Booster Program, its first three years of operation and the proposed design of phase two of the program. Phase two seeks to build on the successes of and lessons learned from phase one and to enable the World Bank to play its expected role in scaling up and sustaining malaria control interventions to reach the new ambitious but achi ...

SUBJECT: leading cause of death; tetanus; species; treatment; contracting malaria

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