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Paper

Written Paper

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Ugandan decentralization efforts of the 1990s represented an unusually authentic and powerful local government reform, compared to similar efforts pursued in many other low-income countries. However, over time the changing interests of the central agencies, dissatisfaction with service outcomes, and the overall dynamics of the country's governance resulted in the adoption of a number of ...

SUBJECT: legal framework; legitimacy; recurrent expenditure; local authorities; central government spending

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Cambodia has made substantial progress in economic reconstruction since the 1993 elections helped return peace to the war ravaged country. The report is organized as: the remainder of chapter one presents the strategic background, including macroeconomic and fiscal developments. The chapter concludes with options for restoring and expanding the government's fiscal space. Chapter two dis ...

SUBJECT: structural reforms; central government; medium-term expenditure; service delivery; financial management information system

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Written Paper

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

After more than 35 years, the elected local government system in Lesotho was reestablished in 2005 through the election of the Local Authorities, i.e. the Community and District Councils (CCs and DCs). Across the political spectrum, the political will to move forward was at its peak. An exemplary campaign to educate the entire population as to the purposes and functioning of the new Loc ...

SUBJECT: legal framework; trust fund; judiciary; remittances; inequality

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Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Although charcoal is the single most important energy source for millions of urban dwellers in Tanzania, being used by all tiers of society from laborers to politicians, it seems to be politically neglected and even unwanted, given that it is not considered as a possible mean to achieve long-term sustainable development, for example as a low-carbon growth option contributing to energy s ...

SUBJECT: government stakeholders; legal framework; legitimacy; judiciary; efficient stoves

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

An extensive literature on the relationship between decentralization (or localization) and corruption has developed in recent years. While some authors argue that there is a positive relationship between decentralization and corruption, others claim that decentralization in fact leads to a reduction in the level of corruption. This important policy question has not yet been laid to rest, since ...

SUBJECT: crime; local authorities; central government; service delivery; corruption

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Fiscal Policy for Health Policy Makers

Gillingham, Robert [2014-03]

This paper summarizes the basic principles that should form the basis of fiscal policy. These principles encompass decisions on the functions of government, its spending, and the financing of its spending that affect economic growth, employment, inflation, and economic welfare. Although the principles are broadly applicable, it is especially important that health policy makers understan ...

SUBJECT: pareto efficiency; trust fund; pension contributions; government finances; value of assets

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The objectives of this Public Expenditure Review (PER) update are to analyze public expenditures of the overall budget and the agriculture sector in greater detail. The authorities prepared sectoral PER of the agriculture and natural resources sectors in 2001. The second chapter of this PER update is a partial update of the 2001 sectoral PER. It focuses only on the agriculture sector and exclu ...

SUBJECT: credit association; structural reforms; budget preparation cycle; macroeconomic crisis; central government

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Paper

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From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Procurement monitoring is a relatively new field for civic engagement. This paper is a collection of eight selected cases studies which aim to provide examples of practices that have emerged globally in recent years. The objective is not to offer 'blueprints' or ready-made solutions to the challenge of civic monitoring, but rather to highlight some of the broader complexities underpinni ...

SUBJECT: political parties; media organization; minister; legal framework; legitimacy

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Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Following the cessation of hostilities in May 2009, the Government of Sri Lanka has announced a suitably ambitious macroeconomic vision to capitalize on the peace dividend. Its goals include growing at 8 percent or more per year and lowering government indebtedness from around 80 to 60 percent of GDP by 2015. This paper's main finding is that while some post-conflict bounce is only to b ...

SUBJECT: investment decisions; global markets; external debt; private investors; national investment

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Written Paper

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR)intends to determine the compatibility of national procurement law, and practices, with the principles of economy, and with international procurement practices. This CPAR, the second of its kind in Tanzania, looks at the legislative framework, the performance of regulatory functions, the enforcement regime, and the capacity of public sect ...

SUBJECT: remedies; legal framework; councils; crime; public sector

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