Query :

Filters :

  • International trade

Results 1 - 10 of 24,477

Order By


Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Trade Policy Instruments over Time

Bown, Chad P. [2014-01]

This paper surveys political-economic research on the variety of instruments that governments use to conduct international trade policy. It presents key insights on the relationships between instruments such as tariffs, quotas, voluntary export restraints, and other nontariff barriers, as well as the ebb and flow of the national use of temporary trade barriers such as antidumping, count ...

SUBJECT: member countries; deflation; trade disputes; tariff binding; suspension agreements

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This volume is organized as follows. Chapter one discusses the newly revamped non-tariff measure (NTM) classification system, the data collection effort so far, and the key characteristics of the data. It also highlights the private-sector view that NTMs should support domestic firms' competitiveness across countries. Chapter two describes the analytics of an NTM review, step by step th ...

SUBJECT: anti-dumping measures; regional integration; customs; trade regulation; productive capacity

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This paper examines trade policies in Peru and Argentina since the reforms of the 1990s. Peru provides a valuable example of sustaining reform. Leaders have used negotiations and other international instruments to disseminate among Peruvians a positive vision of Peru in the international economy and to extend the application of World Trade Organization-based governance principles. Peru ...

SUBJECT: international trade policies; bilateral talks; external debt; electronics industry; trade commission

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

As the world marketplace becomes ever more globalized, much is at stake for the prosperity of hundreds of millions of people in Europe and Central Asia as the region's transition process continues through its second decade. Understanding the underlying dynamics shaping the contours and most salient impacts of international integration that have emerged-and likely to emerge prospectively ...

SUBJECT: competitiveness; customs clearance; trade bloc; global markets; customs

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Is the WTO Passe?

Bagwell, Kyle et al. [2015]

The WTO has delivered policy outcomes that are very different from those likely to emerge out of the recent wave of preferential trade agreements (PTAs). Should economists see this as an efficient institutional hand-off, where the WTO has carried trade liberalization as far as it can manage, and is now passing the baton to PTAs to finish the job? This paper surveys a growing economics l ...

SUBJECT: remedies; regional integration; anti-dumping duties; customs; border measures

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

How can international trade agreements promote development and how can rules be designed to benefit poor countries? Can multilateral trade cooperation in the World Trade Organization (WTO) help developing countries create and strengthen institutions and regulatory regimes that will enhance the gains from trade and integration into the global economy? And should this even be done? These a ...

SUBJECT: agricultural support policies; competitiveness; intellectual property protection; remedies; trade integration

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Trade reform in Latin America in the 1980s and 1990s was in significant part a reform of policy-making institutions. The institutions that existed when the reforms began had been created in response to particular protectionist pressures at particular times, and afterward they were controlled by the interests on whose behalf they had been created. This book was prompted by preliminary ev ...

SUBJECT: competitiveness; human behavior; trade bloc; global markets; customs

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Since 2005, donors and development agencies have increased the overall value of aid for trade and put in place several mechanisms to channel such aid and to ensure that it targets national priorities. This paper reviews recent trends in the allocation of aid for trade and analyses of its effectiveness. It identifies a number of opportunities for concerted action to enhance the impact of ...

SUBJECT: regulatory barriers; private investors; developed countries; performance data; development projects

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

ASEAN Integration Monitoring Report

ASEAN Secretariat et al. [2013]

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a community of more than 600 million people living in ten countries in one of the most dynamic regions of the world. Consistent with this, ASEAN's share of world GDP and world trade has sharply increased over the past decades. In 2003, ASEAN's regional integration agenda was significantly deepened when ASEAN Member States adopted the ambiti ...

SUBJECT: skill shortages; mutual recognition arrangements; information technology; import licensing procedures; harmonization

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Recent years have seen a surge in economic integration agreements (EIAs) and the development of non-tariff measures (NTMs). As a consequence, a growing number of EIAs include provisions on NTMs. However, little attention has been given in the literature to the effects of NTM liberalization in the context of EIAs. In this paper, we focus on provisions for technical regulations and analyze ...

SUBJECT: product standards; trade integration; customs; bilateral trade flows; border measures

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE