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Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Using a database of 76,046 empirical economics papers published between 1985 and 2004 in the top 202 economics journals, the authors report two associations. First, per-capita research output on a given country increases with the country's per capita gross domestic product (GDP). Regressions controlling for data availability and quality in the country, indicators of governance and the u ...

SUBJECT: agricultural economics; tertiary education; living standards; economic history; research output

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Green Growth : Lessons from Growth Theory

Withagen, Cees et al. [2012-10-01]

This paper reviews dynamic general equilibrium models in order to collect insights on the interaction between economic growth and environmental issues. The authors discuss the Ramsey model and extend it for natural resource inputs and pollution, as well as for endogenous technical change. Green growth becomes within reach if there is good substitution, a clean backstop technology, a sma ...

SUBJECT: welfare function; economic incentives; environmental policies; allocation; resource conservation

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SUBJECT: environmental economics and policy; community/rural/urban development; crop production/industries; public economics; resource /energy economics and policy

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Global warming is expected to heavily impact agriculture, the dominant source of livelihood for the world's poor. Yet, little is known about the distributional implications of climate change at the sub-national level. Using a simple comparative statics framework, this paper analyzes how changes in the prices of land, labor, and food induced by modest temperature increases over the next ...

SUBJECT: climate scenarios; regional labor; poor; consumer demand; worst-case scenarios

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Economic, agronomic, and biophysical drivers affect global land use, so all three influences need to be considered in evaluating economically optimal allocations of the world's land resources. A dynamic, forward-looking optimization framework applied over the course of the coming century shows that although some deforestation is optimal in the near term, in the absence of climate change ...

SUBJECT: welfare function; degraded lands; consumer demand; environmental assessment; allocation

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Important findings of recent studies based on a macroeconomic perspective include the need to take actions aimed at further increasing the region's integration into the global economy while at the same time deepening Latin America's relatively shallow financial markets. This study complements that body of knowledge by taking an alternative microeconomic, firm-level approach to explain p ...

SUBJECT: growth determinants; business cycle; economics letters; high income countries; institutional quality

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This Economics of Climate Change in the Arab World is presents detailed case studies on the impacts of climate change in the Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, and the Republic of Yemen that were summarized. The Arab region is already being impacted by climate change through more frequent cyclones, floods, and prolonged droughts. Thousands of rural producers have seen their crops and herds ...

SUBJECT: labor markets; climate scenarios; allocation; storm surges; cyclones

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This report is the first chapter of the final report prepared by the Federal/Provincial/Territorial (FPT) Working Group (WG) on Economic Analysis at the request of FPT Assistant Deputy Ministers (ADMs), in a joint FPT effort to study the challenges and opportunities facing the agriculture and agri-food sector.The report is a compilation of data and information that presents a snapshot of the C ...

SUBJECT: profitability; environmental economics and policy; crop production/industries; public economics; resource /energy economics and policy

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The pattern of global land use has important implications for the world's food and timber supplies, bioenergy, biodiversity and other eco-system services. However, the productivity of this resource is critically dependent on the world's climate, as well as investments in, and dissemination of improved technology. This creates massive uncertainty about future land use requirements which ...

SUBJECT: degraded lands; climate scenarios; global ecology; potash; allocation of land

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Avano

SUBJECT: research and development; industries; small scale systems; tech change; public economics