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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region has a unique mix of qualities and challenges when it comes to the environment. It is exceptionally endowed with natural assets, with globally significant biodiversity and valuable crops, and also harbors the world s greatest carbon sink in the Amazon. The purpose of the series is to contribute to the global knowledge exchange on innovation in ...

SUBJECT: global competitiveness report; environmental agenda; environmental laws; benefit assessment; quality regulation

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This report specifically deals with air pollution, which was reported, by the World Health Organization (WHO), as the single largest environmental health risk globally in 2012 (WHO, 2014a). Air pollution from outdoor and household sources jointly account for more than 7 million deaths (3.7 million from ambient air pollution and 4.3 million from household air pollution). The following se ...

SUBJECT: streets; air pollution deaths; waste; developed countries; morbidity

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Mexico City has for years experienced high levels of ozone and particulate air pollution. In 1995-99 the entire population of the Mexico City metropolitan area was exposed to annual average concentrations of fine particulate pollution (particulates with a diameter of less than 10 micrometers, or PM10) exceeding 50 micrograms per cubic meter, the annual average standard in both Mexico an ...

SUBJECT: air pollution reduction; meteorological conditions; ozone depleting substances; economic valuation; air pollution

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Jordan is a small, middle-income, open economy, with a limited natural resources base and active trade flows. As the integration of Jordan in the World Economy progresses, enhancing Jordan's environmental management can not only improve the wellbeing of Jordanians, but also enable the country to better compete in increasingly environmentally conscious markets. To date there has not yet ...

SUBJECT: transportation system; opportunity costs; fuel quality; suspended solids; fares

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Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Providing education for all has been a core objective of many governments since the launch of the Millennium Development Goals a decade ago. Basic education is the foundation of education and learning and, as such, is the point where Turkey started its push for education for all. This policy note is designed as an input for the discussion among stakeholders in Turkey on how to improve t ...

SUBJECT: student enrollment; curriculum; learning achievement; public expenditure on education; education management

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From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

In 2000, the goal that, by 2015, all children will have access to, and complete, free and compulsory primary education of good quality, was set. Despite the progress in terms of student enrollment and completion, the quality of learning produced in developing countries remains poor. Existing models of education production are inadequate for informing education reform for the purpose of ...

SUBJECT: instructional time; student enrollment; curriculum; service training; cognitive function

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Written Paper

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The Government of Ceará has asked for the Bank s support in implementing its multi-year plan (Plano Plurianual or PPA) for 2012-15. The objectives of the Plan are to promote equitable social development, sustainable economic development and to contribute to the emergence of a more efficient and participatory public sector.The activities to be supported have been chosen on the basis of t ...

SUBJECT: curriculum; public sanitation; service delivery; performance agreements; primary enrollment

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Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

While the importance of good teaching may be intuitively obvious, only over the past decade has education research begun to quantify the high economic stakes around teacher quality. In a world where the goals of national education systems are being transformed, from a focus on the transmission of facts and memorization to a focus on student competencies for critical thinking, problem so ...

SUBJECT: instructional time; information technology; curriculum; teaching programs; ministries of education

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region has a unique mix of qualities and challenges when it comes to the environment. It is exceptionally endowed with natural assets, with globally significant biodiversity and valuable crops, and also harbors the world s greatest carbon sink in the Amazon. The purpose of the series is to contribute to the global knowledge exchange on innovation in ...

SUBJECT: air pollution measures; pollutants; waste; poor water quality; morbidity

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The quality of education is a major policy challenge facing the Maldives. The country achieved the first generation objective of providing universal access to basic education through rapid expansion of enrollment. As is frequently the case with such countries, the second generation challenge is to provide education of adequate quality. Evidence from a variety of sources shows that educa ...

SUBJECT: curriculum; learning environments; ministries of education; education system; service training

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