Results 1 - 10 of 21,229
M Maredia et al. 
Purpose of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework that can be used by agricultural leaders, administrators, policy makers, and seed program managers to (1) understand key factors affecting seed system development; and (2) compare organizational and institutional strategies for increasing seed system effectiveness. A literature review of recent studies on seed system development in Sub ...
SUBJECT: africa; seeds; seed; agriculture and food.inputs; seeding (sugar)
Joughin, James [2014-01]
This report provides a short summary of the recent history of the seed industry. Although the informal seed system still accounts for an estimated 85 percent of planted seed, the formal sector has been transformed in 20 years from control by a monopoly parastatal to competition among 23 registered companies, with at least 5 or 6 being serious players. Significantly, the relief seed indu ...
SUBJECT: sunflower seed; finger millet; union for the protection of new varieties of plants; crop protection; crops
Louhaichi, Mounir [2002-08-06]
A greater than 10-fold increase in Canada goose (Branta canadensis)populations over the past several years has resulted in concerns over grazingimpacts on grass seed production in the mid-Willamette Valley, Oregon. Thisstudy was designed to develop methods to quantify and statistically analyze goose-grazingimpacts on seed yields of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) andperennial ryegras ...
SUBJECT: tall fescue -- seeds -- yields -- oregon -- willamette river valley; tall fescue -- effect of browsing on -- oregon -- willamette river valley; grasses -- seeds -- yields -- oregon -- willamette river valley; canada goose -- food -- oregon -- willamette river valley; lolium perenne -- effect of browsing on -- oregon -- willamette river valley
M. Smale et al. 
This report provides case-specific responses to key seed policy issues based on the relationship between seed markets and high food prices, which were discussed at the project findings meeting at FAO in May 2008. The paper answers key questions in the country context for India, Kenya, and Mali including whether high food prices will mean higher seed prices and seed insecurity for poor farmers. ...
SUBJECT: research institutions; mali; seeds; research policies; seed
Seed Sector Evolution in Zambia And Zimbabwe: Has Farmer Access Improved Following Economic Reforms?
J. Rusike et al. 
Improving smallholder access to new crop varieties has long been recognized as a critical step for increasing agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa. Adoption of improved varieties that resist pests and drought can often raise yields even when farmers are unable to adopt more costly inputs such as chemical fertilizer. Over the past 30 years, substantial resources have been invested in ...
SUBJECT: fertilisers in africa; africa; sorghum; seeds; zimbabwe
L. Cabral et al. 
The Millennium Villages Project (MVP), an initiative of the Earth Institute at Columbia University, is an attempt at an integrated and bottom-up approach to getting African villages out of the poverty trap. It involves massive injections of capital targeted at, presently, a handful of villages, combining agricultural support with health, infrastructure and education interventions. Taking a cri ...
SUBJECT: participation; agriculture and food.rural development; agriculture and food.inputs; scaling up; agriculture and food.inputs.inputs fertilisers
V. Shiva 
This paper discusses two laws, proposed in 2004 by the Government of India: the Seed Act and a Patent Ordinance.The author argues that the new intellectual property rights (IPR) laws are creating monopolies over seeds and plant genetic resources. Seed saving and seed exchange, basic freedoms of farmers, are being redefined in a further example of how seed acts in various countries prevent farm ...
SUBJECT: agriculture; seed industry; agriculture and food.agricultural policy; agriculture and food.inputs; seeds
Robert Tripp 
Formal seed systems in Africa are not meeting farmers’ needs. Either they do not provide seed for the crops that farmers grow, or are too limited in scope. A recent ODI and ICRISAT report asks how seed systems can be strengthened in Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It considers the nature of seed demand, seed provision, emergency seed distribution programmes, seed policy and regulatory fra ...
SUBJECT: seed; agriculture and food.inputs; seeds; africa; farmers
D. Alemu et al. 
This study examines how the performance of the maize seed system in Ethiopia affects small-scale farmers access to, and use of, improved maize varieties. Particular emphasis is given to the drought-prone agro-ecologies of the Rift Valley region and the specific maize varieties developed for and disseminated in this area. <br /><br />The report is based on data gathered in 2005 from focus group ...
SUBJECT: access; seed; seeding (sugar); public sector; distribution
R. Herring 
This article examines the biotechnology debate in India focusing on transgenic seeds. The author presents the rifts and battles in this sector, highlighting the influence of farmers, journalists, environmental activists, government officials, and the international community.<br /><br />Biotechnology is presented within national policy as capable of combatting diseases and nutritional deficienc ...
SUBJECT: participation; biotechnology; agriculture and food.market oriented production and trade; agriculture and food.biotechnology and gmos.biotechnology and gmos governance; participation.participation and local governance and institutions