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Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Agriculture is the dominant sector of the economy, contributing a third of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and about half of Rwanda’s export earnings. The government of Rwanda has therefore made agricultural development a priority and allocated significant resources to improving productivity, expanding the livestock sector, promoting sustainable land management, and developin ...

SUBJECT: consumer demand; agricultural extension; cassava processing; dry season; cropping patterns

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

In the past 50 years, Indian agriculture has undergone a major transformation, from dependence on food aid to becoming a consistent net food exporter. The gradual reforms in the agricultural sector (following the broader macro-reforms of the early 1990s) spurred some unprecedented innovations and changes in the food sector driven by private investment. These impressive achievements must ...

SUBJECT: labor markets; agricultural market; agricultural incentives; agricultural extension; crops

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Maize revolutions in Sub-Saharan Africa

Smale, Melinda et al. [2011-05-01]

There have been numerous episodes of widespread adoption of improved seed and long-term achievements in the development of the maize seed industry in Sub-Saharan Africa. This summary takes a circumspect view of technical change in maize production. Adoption of improved seed has continued to rise gradually, now representing an estimated 44 percent of maize area in Eastern and Southern Af ...

SUBJECT: logistics; poor farmers; urban consumers; cereal production; agricultural extension

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Journal Article

Journal article

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This article attempts to determine the long-term productivity and sustainability of irrigated agriculture in the Indian and Pakistan Punjabs by measuring trends in total factor productivity for production systems in both states since the advent of the green revolution. These measurements over time and across systems have resulted in three major findings. First, there were wide spatial a ...

SUBJECT: university of illinois; soils; international food policy research institute; water resources; gross domestic product

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

There is increasing interest in climate change issues in Indonesia particularly in the lead-up to the COP13 or Copenhagen meeting in Bali in December 2007 when there was renewed focus on Indonesia as the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the world due to deforestation, peat-land degradation, and forest fires. In Indonesia, the agriculture sector employs the largest shar ...

SUBJECT: rice areas; species; farming activities; national emissions; agricultural extension

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Journal Article

Journal article

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Many transition and developing economies have reduced direct public involvement in the production and trade of seed and other agricultural inputs. This trend creates opportunities for farmers to realize improved access to inputs, including technology from international private research. Unfortunately, input regulations often derail these opportunities by blocking private entry and the i ...

SUBJECT: coarse cereals; international food policy research institute; new technology; gross domestic product; expenditure

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Tanzania is largely an agriculture-based economy. This sector accounts for over three-quarters of national employment, and approximately 25 percent of gross domestic product (GDP). The national agricultural input voucher scheme (NAIVS) is a market smart input subsidy program designed in response to the sharp rise in global grain and fertilizer prices in 2007 and 2008. The main aim of th ...

SUBJECT: beneficiary households; grain products; buying power; market efficiency; household size

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

In Africa, most development strategies include efforts to improve the productivity of staple crops grown on smallholder farms. An underlying premise is that small farms are productive in the African context and that smallholders do not forgo economies of scale -- a premise supported by the often observed phenomenon that staple cereal yields decline as the scale of production increases. ...

SUBJECT: chemical fertilizer; soils; commercial agriculture; international food policy research institute; labor markets

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Agricultural production is inextricably tied to climate, making agriculture one of the most climate-sensitive of all economic sectors. In countries such as the Former Yugoslav Republic (FYR) of Macedonia, the risks of climate change for the agricultural sector are a particularly immediate and important problem because the majority of the rural population depends either directly or indirectly o ...

SUBJECT: greenhouse gases; floods; impact of climate change; vulnerability to climate change; sustainable development

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Enhancing Crop Insurance in India

World Bank [2011-04-01]

The broad structure of Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (mNAIS), the main crop insurance program in India, is technically sound and appropriate in the context of India. The NAIS is based on an indexed approach, where average crop yield of an insurance unit, or IU, (i.e., block) is the index used. The insurance is mandatory for all farmers that borrow from financial instit ...

SUBJECT: checks; loss; credit; contract design; contingent liability

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