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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Family planning (FP) program contributed to Egypt s progress in reducing infant and maternal mortality and the total fertility and population growth rates. The Arab spring has brought to the forefront long-held aspirations, which can only be fulfilled by a clear shift to a rights-based and person-centered family planning approach and away from an imposed top-down program with targets fo ...

SUBJECT: newborn; patient rights; lactational amenorrhea method; service delivery; national population

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From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Pakistan's slackening in its fertility transition is a cause of concern internationally, as well as within the country. This study has a twofold aim of exploring couples' dynamics during decision processes regarding fertility intentions and practices along with community perceptions of male-focused interventions and men's suggestions for future intervention strategies. The findings are ...

SUBJECT: forms of contraception; communication efforts; status of women; informed decisions; gender differences

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The objective of this review was to study where community-based family planning and nutrition programs have been integrated, how this has been accomplished, and what the results have been. Although family planning is a nontraditional intervention in community-based nutrition programs, it can have profound effects on maternal and child health and nutrition. When family planning does not ...

SUBJECT: iodine deficiency; teenage pregnancies; development objectives; lactational amenorrhea method; service delivery

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This volume helps fill the gap left from insufficiently archived details of family planning programs carried out in many developing countries from the 1950s through the 1980s of their operations, their commonalities, and their differences, with much useful information and informed analysis. The programs were complex undertakings in difficult settings that had little prior experience to d ...

SUBJECT: coercion; international population conference; fertility rates; fewer children; global action

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Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Although reproductive health advocates consider family planning programs the intervention of choice to reduce fertility, there remains a great deal of skepticism among economists as to their effectiveness, despite little rigorous evidence to support either position. This study explores the effects of family planning in Ethiopia using a novel set of instruments to control for potential n ...

SUBJECT: fertility rates; child bearing; younger women; policy implications; national population

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

In Nepal, both early marriage and motherhood still place adolescents and their children at a great disadvantage. In 2011, one-third of girls aged 15-19 were already married. About 60 percent of them were pregnant or had at least one child, and one in ten had two living children (Nepal Demographic Health Survey, 2011). This brief aims to understand why married adolescents in Nepal have lo ...

SUBJECT: migrant; informed decisions; ideal family size; sexual violence; adolescent girls

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Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

During Vietnam's two decades of rapid economic growth, its fertility rate has fallen sharply at the same time that its educational attainment has risen rapidly -- macro trends that are consistent with the hypothesis of a quantity-quality tradeoff in child-rearing. This paper investigates whether the micro-level evidence supports the hypothesis that Vietnamese parents are in fact making ...

SUBJECT: smaller households; gender differences; quantity-quality tradeoff; newsletter; human development

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The Gender Impact of Pension Reform

James, Estelle et al. [2012-01]

During the past two decades, new multi-pillar systems have developed to make the plans more financially sustainable and beneficial for economic growth. These systems have been sweeping Latin America, the transition economies of Eastern and Central Europe and the former Soviet Union, as well as many OECD countries. The new systems contain two separate mandatory "pillars" or financing arr ...

SUBJECT: informal sector; biological differences; fertility rates; gender differences; inequality

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Following a decade-and-a-half stall, fertility in Rwanda dropped sharply between 2005 and 2010. Using a hierarchical age-period-cohort model, this paper finds that the drop in fertility is largely driven by cohort effects, with younger cohorts having substantially fewer children than older cohorts observed at the same age. An Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition is applied on two successive rou ...

SUBJECT: std; fertility rates; child bearing; younger women; fewer children

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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This paper is a critical review of the literature on the issue of how male behavior affects female outcomes in the promotion of gender equality. It employs the family as the main unit of analysis because a large part of gender interactions occurs within this institution. This survey first summarizes recent studies on the distribution of power within the family and identifies several fact ...

SUBJECT: regulatory barriers; gender differences; education for girls; responsibility of men; fertility preferences

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