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Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Broad-based commodity price declines occurred in the second half of 2014. Crude oil prices declined the most, down 55 percent to $47 per bbl (barrel) in early January, from a high of $115 per bbl in late-June 2014, bringing an end to a four-year period of high and stable prices. The oil price drop is the third-largest seven-month decline of the past three decades - only the 67 percent d ...

SUBJECT: primary energy; fuel demand; lng; fair; price change

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

A companion to Global Development Finance 2009. The slowing of global growth, which preceded the financial crisis by several months, prompted commodity prices to start falling in mid-2008. The eruption of the full-blown crisis and the rapid drop-off in economic activity since September of that year accelerated this process markedly. Demand for most commodities (notably, in high-income in ...

SUBJECT: scrap; coffee; protein; lng; gross domestic product

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This paper analyzes and compares the structure of cotton by-products industries in selected countries (Uganda, Tanzania, Benin, and Burkina Faso) in the context of the global vegetable oil market. It reaches several conclusions. First, because the markets for various edible oils are highly integrated with each other, examination of each oil market should be done in conjunction with all ...

SUBJECT: soils; supermarkets; international food policy research institute; cereal prices; cotton sector

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

These report overviews recent developments in the consumption and production of bioenergy. It examines the main issues and possible economic implications of these developments and assesses their potential impact on land use and the environment, especially with respect to forests. The report examines both solid biomass and liquid biofuels, identifying opportunities and challenges at the ...

SUBJECT: primary energy; biological nitrogen fixation; renewable energy policy; environmental policies; power production

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The key commodity price indices were broadly stable during 2014. Energy prices changed little, only 0.4 higher than 2013; agricultural prices increased 1.8 percent on weather-related concerns and metal prices declined 3.2 percent on Chinese demand weakness. Agricultural prices are projected to ease in 2014 under the assumption that current crop conditions will persist for the next crop ...

SUBJECT: coffee; protein; lng; fair; price of oil

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Biofuels offer new opportunities for African countries. They can contribute to economic growth, employment, and rural incomes. They can become an important export for some countries and provide low-cost fuel for others. There is also a potentially large demand for biofuels to meet the rapidly growing need for local fuel. Abundant natural resources and low-cost labor make producing biofu ...

SUBJECT: ethanol producers; environmental policies; ethanol program; farm; product quality

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Second-Generation Biofuels : Economics and Policies

Carriquiry, Miguel A. et al. [2010-08-01]

Recent increases in production of crop-based (or first-generation) biofuels have engendered increasing concerns over potential conflicts with food supplies and land protection, as well as disputes over greenhouse gas reductions. This has heightened a sense of urgency around the development of biofuels produced from non-food biomass (second-generation biofuels). This study reviews the ec ...

SUBJECT: biomass production; corn cobs; agricultural residues; conversion process; corn stover

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Geopolitical concerns in Iraq and Ukraine/Russia earlier in the year put upward pressure on oil prices during the second quarter. As tensions moderate, oil prices are expected to decline in 2015. Metal prices eased during the 2014Q2 due to supply response from earlier investments and weakening demand, especially by China. Weather concerns (often linked to likely El Niño) induced price i ...

SUBJECT: collateral; global markets; lng; fair; cutting

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Cote d'Ivoire was an economic success story in the first twenty years of independence, but a sharp reversal began in 1980 and by 1993 per capita incomes was back to the level of 1960. Devaluation of the African Financial Community (CFA) franc triggered an economic rebound, but this was soon undermined by the political crisis beginning in 1999. Just as the economy was starting to move fo ...

SUBJECT: labor markets; poor farmers; oil exports; price of oil; price prospects

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Biofuels : Markets, Targets and Impacts

Timilsina, Govinda R. et al. [2010-07-01]

This paper reviews recent developments in biofuel markets and their economic, social and environmental impacts. Several countries have introduced mandates and targets for biofuel expansion. Production, international trade and investment have increased sharply in the past few years. However, several existing studies have blamed biofuels as one of the key factors behind the 2007-2008 glob ...

SUBJECT: pollutants; regular gasoline; organic carbon; ethanol program; price of oil

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