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Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Agriculture is the dominant sector of the economy, contributing a third of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and about half of Rwanda’s export earnings. The government of Rwanda has therefore made agricultural development a priority and allocated significant resources to improving productivity, expanding the livestock sector, promoting sustainable land management, and developin ...

SUBJECT: consumer demand; agricultural extension; cassava processing; dry season; cropping patterns

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Inorganic fertilizer use across Sub-Saharan Africa is generally considered to be low. Yet, this belief is predicated on the assumption that it is profitable to use rates higher than currently observed. However, there is little rigorous empirical evidence to support this notion. Using a nationally representative panel data set, and with due recognition of the role of risk and uncertainty ...

SUBJECT: cars; coffee; soils; international food policy research institute; road

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The objective of the Agricultural Insurance pre-feasibility study is to identify the institutional, operational, technical and financial challenges for the development of agricultural risk transfer solutions and insurance for rice, fruit and vegetables, livestock, and the aquaculture sector in Guyana. The specific objectives of the study include: (i) to identify the production systems, ...

SUBJECT: paddy yields; crop insurance scheme; certification standards; catastrophic events; agricultural extension

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Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This report presents the water and climate adaptation plan (WATCAP) developed for the Sava river basin (SRB) as result of a study undertaken by the World Bank. The WATCAP is intended to help to bridge the gap between the climate change predictions for the SRB and the decision makers in current and planned water management investment projects that will be affected by changing climate tre ...

SUBJECT: yields; climate scenarios; value; climate model; crop

Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

One area of weakness in current agricultural policy work in Vietnam is the lack of a clear understanding of both the private profitability of farmers for different crop activities and the social profitability of such activities. Agricultural performance is thus gauged in physical terms (i.e. yields and the volume of aggregate output) rather than in financial or economic terms. This has ...

SUBJECT: farmer incomes; coffee; commercial agriculture; irrigation water; development strategy

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

This paper reviews past studies on the costs of land degradation in Ethiopia, with a view to drawing implications for policies, programs, and future research on sustainable land management (SLM). Given the wide range of methods and assumptions used in the studies, their findings concerning annual costs of land degradation relative to agricultural gross domestic product (AGDP) are of rem ...

SUBJECT: soils; international food policy research institute; natural capital; chemical fertilizers; cropping

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From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

A Benefit-Cost Analysis (BCA) was undertaken to assess the returns to land management practices of major land use types, namely forests, rangelands, and selected crops (rice, maize, cotton, and millet). Also the public expenditure on SLM was reviewed and an assessment carried out how the expenditure is aligned to land policies and how it is targeted to land degradation hotspots. The res ...

SUBJECT: degraded lands; poor farmers; opportunity costs; agricultural extension; dry season

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Within any economy, agriculture is the sector that is most sensitive to climate change. In Armenia, however, the risks are even more pronounced because the majority of the rural population depends on agriculture for their livelihoods. This publication outlines the policy options available to Armenia, based on a rigorous evaluation of the impacts of climate change on agricultural systems. ...

SUBJECT: climate change adaptation; climate scenarios; environmental policies; extreme weather; crops

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Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

The increasing resilience to climate change in the agricultural sector report presents local-level priorities, informed by stakeholder input, to build agricultural resilience in both countries. The objectives of this study were threefold: (1) to improve the understanding of climate change projections and impacts on rural communities and livelihoods in selected regions of Jordan and Leba ...

SUBJECT: climate change adaptation; climate scenarios; greenhouse gas emissions reduction; extreme weather; agricultural extension

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Paper

Written Paper

From:
Open Knowledge Repository, OKR

Niger, owing to its climatic, institutional, livelihood, economic, and environmental context, is one of the most vulnerable countries of the world. Poverty is pervasive in Niger and it ranks low on almost all the human development indicators. Agriculture is the most important sector of Niger's economy and accounts for over 40 percent of national gross domestic product (GDP) and is the p ...

SUBJECT: pastoral areas; grazing lands; poor; cereal production; herding groups

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