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The objective of this study was to compare milk parameters during lactation months on farms using automatic (ALS) and conventional milking systems (PLS). The highest milk yield per cow (30.1 kg) was obtained on 3x PLS farms, whereas cows on 2x PLS farms produced 7.7 kg less milk. Milk yield of the cows on ALS farms (24.8 to 26.3 kg) was between that of 2x PLS 2 and 3x PLS farms. On Robot 1 AL ...

SUBJECT: dairy cattle; automatic milking system; milk protein content; milk fat content; conventional milking system

POSTED TO: Agraarteadus [2228-4893]

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The majority of the wild feline species are classified as dangerous or particularly dangerous, and that is why, in captivity conditions, performing routine manipulations is impossible without immobilisation. The choice of the immobilization method is made taking into consideration specific conditions, human resources, technology and the equipment available for registering vital physiologic pa ...

SUBJECT: leopard; immobilization; lynx; tiger; monitoring

POSTED TO: Agraarteadus [2228-4893]

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The aim of this study was to estimate the feeding strategies of pregnant and lactating ewes fed only silage/hay or supplemented with concentrates (oat) on the ewe body condition score (BCS), production of ewes (lambs born per ewe lambed (LB), lambs born alive per ewe lambed (LBA), lambs born dead per ewe lambed (LBD), lamb birth weight (LBW), lamb 100 day weight (L100DW)) and ewe blood glycos ...

SUBJECT: organic farm; ewe body condition score; forage based feeding; ewe production; glycose

POSTED TO: Agraarteadus [2228-4893]

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Due to several objective reasons, the sulphur (S) deficiency in agricultural crops in Europe came to the fore in the last decades before the turn of the century. This work gives an overview of the Estonian long-year research concerning winter wheat responses on the S fertilization. This study presents a versatile influence of S application – beginning with the influence on the yield formation, ...

SUBJECT: content and biological quality of protein; quality of baked bread; gluten index; bread-making properties of wheat flour and dough; grain yield

POSTED TO: Agraarteadus [2228-4893]

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By the Estonian Soil Sciences Society for the Year 2014 Soils the Leached soils, for 2015 – Limestone rendzinas, for 2016 – Bog soils, for 2017 – Typical podzols, for 2018 – Pseudopodzolic soils, and for 2019 – Fen soils (M) were elected. As the Year Soil of 2019 was not previously introduced in the Journal of Agricultural Science, in the actual overview was necessary to treat their classifica ...

SUBJECT: classification of fen soils; soil variety; composite soil matrix; drained peatland; annual cycling of carbon

POSTED TO: Agraarteadus [2228-4893]

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Effective microorganisms (EM) comprise a mixture of live natural cultures of microorganisms isolated from fertile soils that are used to improve crop production. The purpose was to assess the influence of EM on the growth and nutrient content of leaf celery transplants. Two treatments were compared: 1) EM treatment comprised of seed soaking in EM 1:500 solution, sowing in EM treated peat and w ...

SUBJECT: leaf celery; effective microorganisms; stem diameter; height; nutrients

POSTED TO: Agraarteadus [2228-4893]

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Local heating, especially ovens and stoves that are heated with log-wood, have been one of the most important types of heating in Estonian climatic conditions. During the second half of the 20th century, alternative types of heating were developed. For example, district and electrical heating. As the consumption of energy for heating houses has decreased, it has become relevant to use local he ...

SUBJECT: average; carbon; fire-place; firewood; stove

POSTED TO: Agraarteadus [1024-0845]

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Thermophilic Campylobacter spp. are one of the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis in European Union and the illness is frequently associated with the consumption of chicken meat. The aim of the present study is to give an overview about the prevalence, counts and antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter spp. in fresh chicken meat at the Estonian retail level. Campylobacter spp. wa ...

SUBJECT: prevalence; antimicrobial resistance; counts; chicken meat; seasonality

POSTED TO: Agraarteadus [1024-0845]

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Forest owners are an important group of people as they own and use a significant amount of our land resources. Their choices, decisions and behaviour are closely related to the benefits that forests provide to everyone. It is for this that information is needed about forest owners and their behaviour. Private forest ownership in Central and Eastern European countries is relatively new and ther ...

SUBJECT: forest policy; values and objectives; cluster analysis; forest management; transition

POSTED TO: Agraarteadus [1024-0845]

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Historically, the dairy sector has been one of the most important and competitive branches of the Estonian agriculture and food industry. Since the beginning of the transitional period 25 years ago, Estonian society and its economy have gone through significant institutional, political and societal changes, which have also affected the dairy sector. This paper provides a review of the competit ...

SUBJECT: productivity; dairy sector; competitiveness; revealed comparative advantage; export

POSTED TO: Agraarteadus [1024-0845]

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