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Results of analytical work following the results of agricultural 2014 year in the country. Dynamics of total yields of grain and leguminous crops in the Russian Federation during the last years is shown. Insignificant increase of pulse crops in comparison to grain crops affects support of production of protein rich production of plant growing, constrains the decision of food provide of the pop ...

SUBJECT: profitability; regions; legumes; spring wheat; winter wheat

POSTED TO: Legumes and Groat Crops

The significance of grain legume collection of VIR for ensuring food, ecological and bioresource safety is discussed. The world gene pool of grain legumes preserved in the collection has a diverse source material for obtaining varieties of all uses in accordance with the requirements of the time, which contributes to a significant extent to ensuring food, environmental and bioresource security ...

SUBJECT: source material for specialized varieties; varieties; safety; directions of use; collection

POSTED TO: Legumes and Groat Crops

Method of intraspecific hybridization creates new breeding material of meadow clover. Evaluation is given to the hybrids released by artificial crossing, on the basic economic-useful attributes. Numbers with high winter hardiness, productivity of fodder mass and seeds are studied. The associativity between separate economic and biological characters of new hybrids is studied

SUBJECT: varieties; winter hardiness; correlation; meadow clover; collecting of seeds

POSTED TO: Legumes and Groat Crops

In the article results of researches on development of adaptive technology of cultivation of soya varieties Zusha and Mezenka are resulted. For revealing of potential possibilities of varieties various agricultural methods were studied: method of maintenance (harrowing, fixed technological track), sowing (drill, wide-row, seeding rate, application of biological preparations, fertilizers)

SUBJECT: mezenka; sowing methods (wide-row with the fixed technologi; seeding rates; calculated dose of fertilizers.; inoculation of seeds with active nodule bacteria

POSTED TO: Legumes and Groat Crops

Evaluation of quality of fodder mass of varieties and selection numbers of red clover is done, content of crude protein in dry mass of the studied samples is defined. Regularities of distribution of solid and crude protein in yield structure are revealed. Varieties and selection numbers having high prod- uctivity and the greatest output of crude protein from hectare: Lisitsyn's Memories, Orlik ...

SUBJECT: varieties; leaves; racemes; solid matter; stalks

POSTED TO: Legumes and Groat Crops

In the review, the basic features of buckwheat were discussed which limited yield growth of this crop. It was shown that breeding of varieties with determinate growth habit allowed significantly increase buckwheat yield in Russia. To stabilize grain production, it is necessary to create high-yielding and early ripening varieties with determinate growth habit. New perspectives in breeding for e ...

SUBJECT: morphotypes; common buckwheat; varieties; fertilization; productivity

POSTED TO: Legumes and Groat Crops

In the article possibilities of obtaining of hard spring wheat grain of high quality in the conditions of the Oryol region are examined. Indicators of quality of the hard wheat cultivated in the conditions of Samara and Oryol areas are resulted. Valuable selection samples of hard spring wheat: Bezenchuksky golden, Marina and lines №1898d-9, №1898d-6, perspective for the further research are de ...

SUBJECT: indica-; gluten; varieties; selection samples; tors of quality of grain.

POSTED TO: Legumes and Groat Crops

Journal Article


Наумкин, В.П. et al. [2013]

The paper presents the results of years of research on the insect fauna on crops of white mustard (Sinapis alba L.). The species composition of insect pollinators, their numerical ratio and the daily dynamics of summer were investigated. Distribution of insect pollinators on different varieties of white mustard was established. It is shown that in the Orel region in the years of research 83 sp ...

SUBJECT: flowers; honey bees; varieties; teams; pollination

POSTED TO: Legumes and Groat Crops

The article presents the results of years of their research (1983 to 2015) and the analysis of published experimental data of domestic and foreign scientists on the problem of increasing the activity and efficiency of photosynthesis of cultivated plants by means of breeding. It is concluded that the physiological basis of crop breeding is the system of regulatory mechanisms that are compensato ...

SUBJECT: efficiency; varieties; photosynthesis; breeding; photoenergy potential

POSTED TO: Legumes and Groat Crops

It is shown that stability of agricultural production in regions with frequent exhibiting of droughts is reached by rational use of available resources of moisture, and the main task of an agrarian science in this direction is release of outstanding innovative products, allowing to lead plant growing on new level of system high technology decisions. Results of works of Southeast Research Insti ...

SUBJECT: adaptive-landscape agriculture.; farming system; hardiness; grain quality; seed production

POSTED TO: Legumes and Groat Crops