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PHYTOPATHOGENIC BACTERIA IN ALLIUM CEPA BULBS IN STORAGE

Bogatsevska, N., Institute of Plant Protection et al. [2010]

Phytopathogenic isolates of Pseudomonas marginalis, Burkholderia gladioli, Burkholderia cepacia and Burkholderia рyrrocinia from onion bulbs, causal agents of the syndrome soft rot, were investigated in this study. The isolates were identified by the use of the miniaturized identification system Biolog. The phytopathogenic and metabolic properties of the strains were observed. This study repre ...

SUBJECT: racine; organismos patogenos; bulbe; raices; organe de reserve

POSTED TO: Agricultural Science (Bulgaria) [1311-3534]

REMOTE HYBRIDIZATION IN FRUIT TYPES - BASIC ACHIEVEMENTS AND PROSPECTS

Zhivondov, A., Institute of Fruit Growing [2010]

The paper presents a retrospective analysis of the major breeding achievements in the area of remote hybridization in fruit species. The scientific and applied contributions of the breeders who laid the foundations of interspecific and intergenus hybridization in fruit-growing, such as Burbank and Michurin, were pointed out. The reasons necessitating the application of the remote hybridization ...

SUBJECT: fruit trees; hibridacion; critere de selection; culture fruitiere; arboles frutales

POSTED TO: Agricultural Science (Bulgaria) [1311-3534]

ON THE PROBLEM OF WEEDS AND THEIR CONTROL IN LUCERNE MEDICAGO SATIVA L.

Dimitrova, Ts., Institute of Forage Crops [2010]

On the basis of long-term studies conducted in the experimental field of the Institute of Forage Crops Pleven in the conditions of slightly leached medium deep chernozem, the results of weed control in lucerne Medicago sativa L. in the following directions were summarized: preliminary control of perennial weeds, weed control in the year of stand establishment, weed control in established stand ...

SUBJECT: agricultura alternativa; plante de couverture; sistemas de cultivo; plantas de cobertura; cropping systems

POSTED TO: Agricultural Science (Bulgaria) [1311-3534]

The magnified heavy metal concentration in the soil and plants grown in it, causes a stress situation and a toxic effect on plant metabolism, such as growth and photosynthesis inhibition. Plants dispose of different protective mechanisms at a physiological level, by which they react to the stress conditions. Chlorophyll and carotenoids are wide spread nature pigments in the plant cells. Plants ...

SUBJECT: stress; pigmentos; pigments; plante; heavy metals

POSTED TO: Agricultural Science (Bulgaria) [1311-3534]

EFFECT OF HERBICIDES, COMBINATIONS AND SYSTEMS ON WEEDS CONTROL IN TOMATOES

Toshkova-Jotova, T., Institute of Plant Protection [2010]

During the period 2006-2007 at the Plant Protection Institute - Kostinbrod were carried out field trials in tomatoes, cv. Ideal to compare the efficacy of the single use of the soil herbicides metrhibuzine zenkor and s-metholachlor dual gold, the combination of metrhibuzine+s-metholachlor applied before planting of the tomatoes and the systems metrhibuzine+s-metholachlor phenoxaprop-p-ethyl fu ...

SUBJECT: efficacite; efficiency; lycopersicon esculentum; application methods; weed control

POSTED TO: Agricultural Science (Bulgaria) [1311-3534]

FUNGAL DISEASES OF ALMOND SURVEY

Chernomorski, P., Experimental Station for Agriculture [2010]

The purpose of publication is systematization of the available data for some economically important and often occurring fungal diseases of almond. The following diseases are described: anthracnose Gloeosporium amygdalinum Brizi , scab Fusicladium amygdali Ducomet, and shot hole Stigmina carpophila Leveille Ellis. Their economical importance, propagation, symptoms and causes are noted. Data for ...

SUBJECT: enfermedades fungosas; control de enfermedades; disease control; prunus dulcis; amande

POSTED TO: Agricultural Science (Bulgaria) [1311-3534]

Challenges for rural areas in Bulgaria are: to stabilize and diversify their economic activities; to strengthen role of agriculture as an activity for producing of materials and high quality food; to create preconditions for them to became attractive place for living and work in the way corresponded to principles for sustainability and quality management of nature. The aim of the article is to ...

SUBJECT: economic situation; economia de la produccion; zonas rurales; production economics; situation economique

POSTED TO: Agricultural Economics and Management (Bulgaria) [0205-3845]

Status, Opportunities and Prospects for Development of Viticulture in Bulgaria

Pantaleeva, D., Institute of Agricultural Economics [2010]

Viticulture in Bulgaria as a traditional agriculture sector in the country from 60 to 80 years of last century along with the wine had the largest share from the production and export of agriculture and food industry. From 80 years until the end of last century there was a significant reduction in harvested area with vines and a decline in the production of grape. Years of transition from cent ...

SUBJECT: prix; superficie de la explotacion; economia de la produccion; production economics; bulgaria

POSTED TO: Agricultural Economics and Management (Bulgaria) [0205-3845]

Marketing Adaptation Strategies for Semi-subsistence Dairy Farms

Mladenova, M., Institute of Agricultural Economics et al. [2010]

Farmers in Central and Eastern Europe CEE, especially semi-subsistence farms SSFs must take several decisions related to their income. Often they are not viable from an economic point of view, but continue to exist. The reasons for their persistence can be taken that these farms play an important role for rural households in terms of providing food and shelter during economic crises during the ...

SUBJECT: efficacite; costs; efficiency; marge brute; cout

POSTED TO: Agricultural Economics and Management (Bulgaria) [0205-3845]

The opportunities of Measure 311 from the Rural Areas Development Program have been analyzed according their impact on the number of employment positions in rural areas; the labour force of rural households use; the diversity and the attractiveness of the employment in rural areas increase; overcoming of the big differences of the rural population by planning regions. The above made analyse gi ...

SUBJECT: empleo; demanda de trabajo; labour market; zonas rurales; exploitation agricole

POSTED TO: Agricultural Economics and Management (Bulgaria) [0205-3845]