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New records and geographic distribution of Grey Woolly Monkeys, Lagothrix cana (É. Geoffroy, 1812) (Primates, Atelidae), in southern Brazilian Amazonia
Nunes,André et al. 
We report a range extension of the Grey Woolly Monkey, Lagothrix cana, from southwestern Amazonia, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Lagothrix cana was seen in a forest fragment near the “arc of deforestation”. This new record shows the need for conservation of forests in the region to protect this endangered species.
SUBJECT: atelidae; conservation; species distribution; southern amazon
Galileo,Maria Helena et al. 
Two new species of cerambycid beetles are described from South America: Ataxia camiriensis (Pteropliini), from Bolivia, and Falsamblesthis uniformis (Forsteriini), from Peru. The new species are included in previous keys.
SUBJECT: key neotropical region taxonomy
Lohrmann,Volker et al. 
A remarkable teratological female of Polistes (Fuscopolistes) dorsalis neotropicus Bequaert, 1940 (Vespidae: Polistinae) is described and illustrated. The specimen lacks all three external dorsal ocelli but is normally developed in almost every other aspect. Additionally, similar findings in other Hymenoptera are briefly discussed, as are the consequences and the reasons that might cause the ...
SUBJECT: teratology aberration malformation morphology polistes dorsalis social wasp paper wasp
Dong,Min et al. 
A new species of osmylid (Heterosmylus processus sp. n.) is described and the other species in the genus from mainland China are redescribed. Heterosmylus zhamanus Yang, 1987, syn. n. is identified as a junior synonym of Heterosmylus yunnanus Yang, 1986. A key is provided to differentiate Palaearctic and Oriental species of Heterosmylus.
SUBJECT: heterosmylus oriental region osmylidae palaearctic
Estupinan,Ruth Amanda et al. 
This study tested the effectiveness of COI barcodes for the discrimination of anuran species from the Amazon basin and other Neotropical regions. Barcodes were determined for a total of 59 species, with a further 58 species being included from GenBank. In most cases, distinguishing species using the barcodes was straightforward. Each species had a distinct COI barcode or codes, with intraspe ...
SUBJECT: amazon basin amphibians coi dna barcoding identification taxonomy
Spatial distribution and seasonal changes of mayflies (Insecta, Ephemeroptera) in a Western Balkan peat bog
Vilenica,Marina et al. 
Peat bogs are unique wetland ecosystems of high conservation value all over the world, yet data on the macroinvertebrates (including mayfly assemblages) in these habitats are still scarce. Over the course of one growing season, mayfly assemblages were sampled each month, along with other macroinvertebrates, in the largest and oldest Croatian peat bog and an adjacent stream. In total, ten may ...
SUBJECT: environmental factors life cycle mayfly assemblages new records peat bog
Wang,Zhaohong et al. 
The third species of the genus Siamothrips Okajima, S. balteus sp. n., is described from China. The new species is characterised by the abdominal tergite II uniformly brown, III–VII with a brown area medially but pale on lateral thirds, tergite VIII smooth medially, tergite X with 3–4 rows of microtrichia medially, and abdominal sternite VII with one pair of discal setae laterally. A key to ...
SUBJECT: china new species siamothrips thrips thripinae
First records of three fishes, and southern records of a further four fishes, from New South Wales, Australia
A study of fishes from Port Stephens in New South Wales, Australia has identified first records for three species in New South Wales — Genicanthus watanabei (Yasuda & Tominaga, 1970), Parupeneus indicus (Shaw, 1803), and Plectorhinchus chaetodonoides (Lacépède, 1801) — and southernmost records for a further four species: Cantherhines fronticinctus (Günther, 1866), Coris bulbifrons (Randall & K ...
SUBJECT: port stephens; east australian current; climate change
Calaça,Francisco et al. 
This study presents the first records from three genera Hypocopra, Pyxidiophora, Zopfiella and the second of the rare species, Cercophora coronata (Cailleux) Udagawa and T. Muroi, for Brazil. It also presents the first record of H. stercoraria (Sowerby) Sacc., P. arvernensis (Breton and Faurel) N. Lundq. and Z. latipes (N. Lundq.) Malloch and Cain for the Neotropical region. Specimens were obt ...
SUBJECT: dung fungi; fungal diversity; cerrado; neotropics
Species delimitation methods put into taxonomic practice: two new Madascincus species formerly allocated to historical species names (Squamata, Scincidae)
Miralles,Aurélien et al. 
In a previous study, Miralles and Vences (2013) compared seven different methods of species delimitation applied to the genus Madascincus. While focusing on methodological aspects their study involved an extensive data set of multilocus DNA sequences and of comparative morphology. On this basis they emphasized the need of revising the taxonomy of Madascincus, and revealed the existence of at ...
SUBJECT: madascincus miafina sp. n. madascincus pyrurus sp. n. madagascar phylogeny morphology integrative taxonomy species complex biogeography