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This paper presents the synthesis, characterization of the nanocomposite of silver and chitosan polymer composite reinforced by cellulose fibre and its electrical behaviour in presence of water vapour. The coated paper has been characterized by XRD, IR, SEM and EDX techniques. The size of silver nanoparticles is found to be around 9 nm and deposited uniformly. Chitosan, as well as cellulose, c ...

SUBJECT: humidity sensor; silver nanoparticles; nanocomposite; chitosan

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This work attempted to determine the optimum conditions required for the coagulation and flocculation process as an essential stage of the ceramic wastewater treatment. Coagulation and flocculation is a very necessary step in industries as it lessens turbidity, color, and odor of wastewater. The experimental work was performed in several runs. The volume of wastewater used in each run was 200 ...

SUBJECT: flocculation; coagulation; turbidity; ceramic waste water; factorial design

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In this work, polysulfone (PSf) mixed matrix membranes were prepared by incorporating modified montmorillonite with lysine amino acid (MMT-Lys) for arsenic removal from water. Different tests including XRD, zeta potential, FE-SEM, contact angle, and pure water flux (PWF) were carried out to characterize modified MMT and fabricated mixed matrix membranes. XRD analysis showed that MMT was success ...

SUBJECT: mixed matrix membrane; water; amino acid; arsenic; montmorillonite

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In this work, performance of composite membranes was investigated for desalination of Kashan city’s water via pervaporation process. PEBA/PAN/PE, PEBA/PSF/PE and PEBA+NaX/PSF/PE composite membranes that used, was synthesized via a phase inversion route. For all experiments under 45◦C, salt rejection was too high and equals to 99.9% that this quantity dropped by increasing the temperature that ...

SUBJECT: desalination; composite membrane; operational conditions; pervaporation

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Green preparation of heavy metal saponin complexes has been successfully optimized by direct combination between crude extract of Olea Europaea and Citrus Aurantium with divalent heavy metals, Pb2+ and Cd2+. The main operating factors affecting preparation process were investigated and evaluated in terms of setting time, heavy metal ion concentration, crude extract concentration, and pH value ...

SUBJECT: olea europaea; complex; and citrus aurantium; heavy metals; saponin

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In this research, a simple and fast method was employed to synthesize CuO nanoleaves/silica gel nanocomposites (CuO/SGn), which is a cost effective antimicrobial material. CuSO4.5H2O is the only raw material used in CuO/SGn production through the molten salt method. The structure and morphology of the nanocomposites were characterized by DRS, XRD, and SEM. The copper size in CuO/SG was found t ...

SUBJECT: antimicrobial activity; copper oxide; silica; nanoleaf

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This study describes the adsorption and photocatalytic removal of  methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution by surface-modified TiO2 nanoparticles under ultraviolet irradiation in a batch system. The 5-sulfosalicylic acid grafted TiO2 (5-SA-TiO2) as a photocatalyst was characterized by means of XRD, FTIR and SEM  techniques. The surface of TiO2 nanoparticles was modified by 5-sulfosalicylic a ...

SUBJECT: photocatalytic degradation; surface modification; adsorption; tio2 nanoparticles

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Although dyes are widely used in textile industries, they are carcinogenic, teratogenic and mutagenic. Industries discharge their wastewater containing a variety of colors into water resources and make harmful effect on the environment. The present study aims to Evaluate removal of reactive red 198 by nanoparticle zero valent iron (NZVI) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide from aqueous soluti ...

SUBJECT: dye removal; hydrogen peroxide; reactive red 198; zero valent-iron nanoparticles

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An uptake of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions by ion exchange on Iranian natural zeolitic (TOSKA) has been studied. Experiments were carried out using batch method as a function of the initial concentration of metal ions, contact time, and temperature. The adsorbent is characterized using XRF, FTIR, TEM, and XRD. The TEM images showed that the zeolite particle sizes are reduced into the size rang ...

SUBJECT: sorption; nanozeolite; kinetic; clinoptilolite; ion exchange

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Water is critically important, because its supply is under stress. In oil fields, the ratio-of-water-to-oil (WCUT%) can be 95% or higher. Managing this produced water is a great challenge whereas the best opportunity to reduce costs, improve profitability and preserve the natural environment. The oil industry is looking for more effective ways to reduce water consuming and improve the recovery ...

SUBJECT: nanoparticles; steam assisted gravity drainage; zno

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