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Relevance of research. In recent years, in Ukraine, the development of re-cultivated drained lands takes place, in particular, in the floodplains of the rivers. In the process of construction, drainage systems designed to protect agricultural land and adjoining areas against flooding are often disrupted. In addition, peat and silt deposits may be spread in the floodplain areas, which considera ...

SUBJECT: groundwater level; groundwater; flooding; water and ecological risks; водно-екологічні ризики

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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 The irrigated lands of the Southern Steppe of Ukraine determine the level of total water consumption, the coefficient of water consumption, depending on the types and rates of applied fertilizers during the seed productivity formation of winter triticale.Actuality. Winter triticale as a crop is considered to be insufficiently studied under irrigation, and the Bogadarske variety for seed has n ...

SUBJECT: coefficient of water consumption; водоспоживання; water consumption; seed productivity; тритикале озиме

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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Relevance of the research. Winter wheat is considered to be a leading cereal crop. One of the area of stabilizing this crop production is to intensify its cultivation on the drained soils of Polissya. Due to the changes in external factors (global and regional climate change, soils, etc.) and technology, the question of modeling the process of crop productivity formation remains relevant.Objec ...

SUBJECT: зміни клімату; drained land; математичні моделі; mathematical models; осушувані землі

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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In view of the development of cottage construction and enterprises of agricultural products processing, located mainly in rural areas, the development of high-efficient, reliable and easy-to-use treatment plants for the purification of domestic wastewater of low quality is very relevant.The objective of the research is to ensure the high quality purified water and minimize capital and operatin ...

SUBJECT: fibrous loading; біохімічне споживання кисню (бск5); pressure loss.; якість води; bioreactor

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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PROTECTION OF POTATO CROPS AGAIST PESTS

F. S. Melnichuk et al. [2019-07-22]

The Colorado potato beetles and aphids are especially harmful pests for potato crops in the conditions of Kyiv region. So, on the 10th day after mass rebirth of the Colorado potato beetle larvae, potato plants on untreated by insecticide plots were completely destroyed by this phytophagus. Preplanting insecticide treatment of potato tubers provided high effectiveness against the Colorado potat ...

SUBJECT: phytophagus; урожай; картопля; phytopathogen; попелиця

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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A great part of the territory of Ukraine is located in the zones of insufficient and unstable moistening. In such conditions successful agricultural activity is possible only when applying irrigation.Official statistics indicates an essential lack of irrigation systems in the Ukraine's horticulture. The irrigated lands in Ukraine under fruit-bearing plantations of fruit-bearing age make up onl ...

SUBJECT: яблуня; автоматична інтернет-станція вологості ґрунту; automatic internet station for soil moisture; норма зрошення; краплинне зрошення

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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Relevance of research. As a result of economic activities and irrational use of water and land resources in small river basins there are problems connected with pollution, destruction of natural landscape complexes of river valleys and adjoining territories, engineering reorganization of canals and floodplains as a result of melioration works. All these changes in river basins require operatio ...

SUBJECT: використання земель; land use; water quality; river runoff; якість води

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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Relevance of the research. If greenhouse gases in the XXI century enter the atmosphere in the same volume as now, the increase in the average temperature on the planet will reach 2–4°C, and therefore the threat of extinction of up to 20–30% of species of animals and plants in existing biocenosis is not excluded. At the same time, the water level in the world ocean will rise, which during the X ...

SUBJECT: зрошення; атмосферні опади; повітря; climate; air

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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Formulation of the problem. Irrigation is one of the priority areas of agricultural development for Ukraine. According to numerous studies, it has been determined that restoration of irrigated agriculture is a prerequisite for adapting the agricultural sector of the economy to climate change and ensuring Ukraine's food security. Dnipropetrovsk region was among the territories with the largest ...

SUBJECT: гідротехнічна меліорація; зрошення; irrigation; hydrotechnical reclamation; якість поливної води

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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Challenges facing humanity over the years include food insecurity, loss of soil and water resources and associated ecosystem disturbance. The rate of hungry people in developing world keeps on increasing and causing death and malnutrition. Food shortages, food insecurity or undernourishment has assumed a global dimension especially as climate change hits the globe with its negative impacts, wi ...

SUBJECT: tropical soils; тропічні грунти; zea mays; подолання; азотне добриво

POSTED TO: Land Reclamation and Water Management [2616-5562]

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