Query : ""

Center Filter :

  • United States of America (The World Bank)

Results 1 - 10 of 28,582

Order By

Search records from all Data providers
Loading...
Paper

Written Paper

From:
The World Bank

Traditional approaches to pollution control emphasize the government's role in providing incentives to alter the behavior of relevant economic agents. But to exploit cost advantages at different levels of government, pollution control policies typically involve assigning a variety of responsibilities to different public agencies. These responsibilities can include choosing policy target ...

SUBJECT: government; property rights; developing countries; local government; environmental policies

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
The World Bank

The idea of debt conversion is that instead of continuing to make payments on outstanding loans in hard currency in the face of debt servicing difficulties, the debtors find some other way to settle debts that is satisfactory to themselves and the creditor. The author discusses the importance of debt conversion as a development tool, contrasts conversion of debt owed to public and priva ...

SUBJECT: strategic debt management; finance and financial sector development

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
The World Bank

The world is entering a period of intense competition for limited supplies of water for alternative uses - in agriculture, in urban and industrial supplies, for recreation, by wildlife, for human consumption, and to maintain environmental quality. Manifestations of this competition and our current ability to deal with it can be observed in many parts of the world. A large irrigation pro ...

SUBJECT: resource management; planning; management; developing countries; price fixing

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
The World Bank

Financial reform is often accompanied by other changes, including structural adjustment. Entrepreneurs' judgements about investing in a post-reform world are important but so are banks' considerations of the sunk costs of investments in both physical capital and information development. The accepted wisdom is that financial reform should not precede "real" sector adjustment, or banks wi ...

SUBJECT: macroeconomics and economic growth; private sector development; banks and banking reform; financial economics; investment climate

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
The World Bank

The author uses a simple general equilibrium model to derive a forward-looking linear solution for the premium on the black market for foreign exchange in Sudan. His solution accounts for the long-run fundamentals of the premium that operate through the current account balance. It also accounts for the short-run determinants of the asset market. Estimates based on Sudanese data broadly ...

SUBJECT: macroeconomics and economic growth; trade liberalization; inflation; international economics and trade; currencies and exchange rates

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
The World Bank

This paper presents model simulations to quantify the effects of different stabilization packages in the distribution of income and wealth. The simulations suggest that a sharply contractionary stabilization package has a major adverse impact on the distribution of income. The shifts in distribution are likely to make the package less sustainable. The simulations support the view that s ...

SUBJECT: macroeconomics and economic growth; trade liberalization; poverty and social impact analysis; international economics and trade; consumption, savings and investment

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
The World Bank

This report sets out the broad philosophical and methodological basis for the Bank's policy position on "Cost Recovery Policies for Public Sector Projects." The Bank has repeatedly urged its developing member countries to adopt appropriate pricing policies. To assist in this process it has issued several reports on port pricing, railway costing, and road user charges and taxation. To se ...

SUBJECT: roads and highways; transport

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
The World Bank

Evaluating decentralization in terms of three economic criteria - social efficiency, technical efficiency, and equity - the paper argues that some decisionmaking (about finance and teacher recruitment) should be provided for at the local level, and some (about school organization and curriculum) at the regional level. A system of central government grants should be used to correct probl ...

SUBJECT: education; decentralization and subnational regional economics; public sector development; public financial management; education reform and management

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
The World Bank

The typical financial sector reform package involves policy changes to increase the power of centralized decision making in some areas and to reduce it in others. For regulation and supervision, reforms seek strengthened information systems, stronger and more detailed regulations, and closer credit supervision. At the level of the intermediaries, reforms seek improved procedures, some o ...

SUBJECT: macroeconomics and economic growth; banks and banking reform; financial economics; finance and financial sector development

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE
Paper

Written Paper

From:
The World Bank

The issue of what to do with excess labor is critical to the success of any endeavour to improve the transport sector. Failure to reduce overstaffing leads to excessive wage bills. This exacerbates budget deficits and the losses of parastatal enterprises, which leads to cuts in investment or in the purchase of materials designed to reduce costs, further limiting labor productivity. More ...

SUBJECT: labor markets; employment and unemployment; wages, compensation and benefits; social protections and labor

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE