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Kaplan, Zachary A. et al. 
The Government of Liberia is in the process of developing a new Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) that is intended to determine its path toward middle-income status. One central aspect of the strategy is likely to be a stronger focus on inclusive growth. This will mean that higher priority will be placed on growing the local private sector, and broadening the base of the economy. Public- ...
SUBJECT: fixed fee; distribution system; concession agreements; public infrastructure; user charges
Foster, Vivien et al. [2011-03-01]
Infrastructure improvements contributed 0.6 percentage points to Zambia's annual per capital GDP growth over the past decade, mostly because of exponential growth in information and communication services. The power sector, by contrast, pulled the growth rate down by more than 0.1 percentage points. Improving Zambia's infrastructure endowment could boost growth by up to 2 percentage poi ...
SUBJECT: water scarcity; costs of power; investment decisions; national utility; road
Ravallion, Martin [2013-03-08]
Development impact calls for knowledgeable development practitioners. How then do the operational staff of the largest development agency value and use its own research? Is there an incentive to learn and does it translate into useful knowledge? A new survey reveals that the bulk of the World Bank's senior staff value the Bank's research for their work, and most come to know it well, although ...
SUBJECT: development aid; world bank research; incentive to learn; absorptive capacity
Hoekman, Bernard [2002-01]
Despite recurring rounds of trade liberalization, under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (and its predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, or GATT). Complemented by unilateral reforms, many developing countries have not been able to integrate into the world economy. The author argues that from the perspective of the poorest countries, a multi-pronged strategy ...
SUBJECT: competitiveness; product standards; regional integration; customs clearance; child labor
Corduneanu-Huci, Cristina et al. [2011-09-01]
The political economy of health care is complex, as stakeholders have conflicting preferences over efficiency and equity. This paper formally models the preferences of consumer and producer groups involved in priority setting and judicialization in public health care. It uses a unique dataset of stakeholder perceptions, from Uruguay, to test whether these hypotheses are consistent with ...
SUBJECT: public health care; national health; private consumption; citizens; health economics
Zwane, Alix Peterson et al. [2007-03-01]
The Millennium Development Goals call for reducing by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water. This goal was adopted in large part because clean water was seen as critical to fighting diarrheal disease, which kills 2 million children annually. There is compelling evidence that provision of piped water and sanitation can substantially reduce child mortali ...
SUBJECT: waste; health education; screening; hepatitis a; clinics
The Economic Costs of Noncommunicable Diseases in the Pacific Islands : A Rapid Stocktake of the Situation in Samoa, Tonga, and Vanuatu
Anderson, Ian [2013-09]
There is increasing recognition that non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are an important international and development issue globally, undermining health gains and imposing financial and economic costs on governments and households. NCDs are an important health challenge in the Pacific. First, (NCDs) can impose large but often preventable health, financial, and economic costs on countries ...
SUBJECT: newborn; leading cause of death; influenza; national population; harm reduction
Gouel, Christophe [2013-03]
When food prices spike in countries with large numbers of poor people, public intervention is essential to alleviate hunger and malnutrition. For governments, this is also a case of political survival. Government actions often take the form of direct interventions in the market to stabilize food prices, which goes against most international advice to rely on safety nets and world trade. ...
SUBJECT: market failures; child labor; share of stocks; price change; selling price
World Bank [2010-04-01]
This study aims mainly at understanding the performance of primary health care (PHC) providers in four Nigerian states and the variables driving this performance. The study is primarily based on quantitative surveys at the level of primary health care facilities, health care personnel, and households in their vicinity. These surveys were implemented in four states: Bauchi, Cross River, ...
SUBJECT: pharmacy; community participation; villages; waste; health sector
Ostrom, Elinor [2009-10-01]
This paper proposes an alternative approach to addressing the complex problems of climate change caused by greenhouse gas emissions. The author, who won the 2009 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences, argues that single policies adopted only at a global scale are unlikely to generate sufficient trust among citizens and firms so that collective action can take place in a comprehensive and tra ...
SUBJECT: human behavior; environmental politics; environmental policies; waste; policy analysis