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Horticultural production practices and the underlying attitudes to farming are intrinsically linked to the cultural and historic quintessence of the Fijian society. Food was produced within the context of subsistence-based villages and widely distributed throughout the country. In essence, how crops are grown, crop selection, those involved in the production and marketing, and their relationsh ...

SUBJECT: horticulture; productivity; sustainable production systems; handling practices; post-harvest

POSTED TO: Journal of South Pacific Agriculture [1016-7774]

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Cassava is a major pig feed ingredient used by smallholder farmers in tropical countries where it is grown abundantly. Due to its high starch content cassava roots may replace maize or wheat as the energy component of rations fed to pigs. A metabolic experiment was conducted using a 4 × 4 Latin Square design to determine the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of nutrients, energy and ni ...

SUBJECT: grower pigs; nitrogen balance; apparent total tract digestibility; cassava roots

POSTED TO: Journal of South Pacific Agriculture [1016-7774]

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE

The use of local ingredients in poultry diets is a key strategy to mitigate the high cost of commercial feed and improve profitability of small-scale farming. The aim of the study was to assess the growth performance and production costs of broilers fed a diet of milled cassava blended with a locally formulated protein concentrate. The test diet was compared against the commercially available ...

SUBJECT: alternative ingredients; high feed cost; feed conversion ratio

POSTED TO: Journal of South Pacific Agriculture [1016-7774]

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE

The study was carried out to examine the effects of key insecticides against Trichogramma chilonis parasitism of large cabbage moth (LCM). Three days after spraying with AttackTM, OrtheneTM and EntrustTM (permethrin + pirimiphos-methyl, acephate and spinosad), no parasitism of LCM eggs occurred. After 3 days of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) treatment, parasitism of LCM egg mass was 100 %, which ...

SUBJECT: large cabbage moth; egg parasitoid; trichogramma chilonis; crocidolomia pavonana; insecticide effect

POSTED TO: Journal of South Pacific Agriculture [1016-7774]

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relative performance of fourteen promising newly developed varieties and three commercially grown cultivars (as control) for adaptability and suitability for growing in different climatic conditions in Fiji. All varieties were tested across five locations that represented different soil types and climatic conditions where sugarcane is grown in Fiji ...

SUBJECT: sucrose content; cane yield; analysis of variance; genotype x environment interaction; adaptability

POSTED TO: Journal of South Pacific Agriculture [1016-7774]

FULL TEXT AVAILABLE