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Journal Article

Application of plants in remediation of contaminated sites

Stanković, Dragica M et al. [2016-06-05]

The concern for environmental protection has existed since the time of first human civilization. As society develops, the chain of changes during the natural flow of processes in ecosystems has been supplemented by a new link – pollutants. They have an effect on all other members of the ecosystem (changes may be visible immediately or harder to spot), which leads to an extremely complex relati ...

SUBJECT: degradation; reforestation; forestry; environment; plants

Turkey has 9.64 million hectares of unproductive forests 43% of the total forest area according, to 2016’ forest inventory. Forest establishment including afforestation, reforestation, rehabilitation and private plantation is the most important method to convert unproductive forest into productive ones, and also to increase present productivity of product forest by improved seed and seedling m ...

SUBJECT: forest establishment; regeneration; reforestation; plantations; forestry

Projections of the regional climate model for Southeast Europe generally predict an increasing of temperature and a decrease in precipitation, with some local variations. Higher frequency of extreme weather events and increased flooding can also be expected. This climate change will, among other things, result in changes in habitats and species distribution, and a decrease in biodiversity. In ...

SUBJECT: climate change; seedling field performance; reforestation; seedling quality; seedling protection

Oriental beech established in the Hyrcanian forests, is a valuable tree whose habitats are constantly exposed to destructive factors which change the nutritional status of soil and leaves. Analysis of foliar elements is a commonly used method for studying tree nutrient status that indicates site's quality. Foliar analysis of beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) was carried out in Kojour (Mazandaran ...

SUBJECT: nutrient balance index; nutritional diagnoses; reforestation; caspian forest; plantations

Journal Article

Reforestation challenges in Scandinavia

Mattsson, Anders [2016-06-05]

In the keynote, major reforestation challenges in Scandinavia will be highlighted. The following countries make up Scandinavia: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark. For Iceland, with only a forest cover of 2%, a major reforestation challenge is the deforestation and overgrazing in combination with land degradation and extensive soil erosion. The challenges include the conflicts with l ...

SUBJECT: deforestation; degradation; alternative species; pine weevils; climate change

As a consequence of past deforestation, degraded areas in Italy have been subjected to afforestation since the beginning of the XXI century. These afforestations have been done mainly with conifers (Pinus nigra, Pinus pinaster, Pinus halepensis, Pinus pinea), and with the aim to 1) protect the soil and to 2) prevent floods. Exotic forest tree species have been used for the afforestation of sel ...

SUBJECT: exotic forest tree species; forestry; forest restoration; afforestation; forest restoration

Journal Article

Afforestation in Bulgaria

Milev, Milko et al. [2017-07-01]

The historical development of afforestations in Bulgaria was investigated. Some of the more important decisions and events which determine the correct state policy in the field of afforestations are pointed out. The most significant achievements are in: erosion control, incl. water tank protection from silting up; increasing the tree volume and forest growth; protection of agriculture via fore ...

SUBJECT: erosion control; forest plantation; reforestation; plantations; forestry

This study was carried out to compare quality and morphology in 1+0 year containerized seedlings of Turkish red pine (Pinus brutia Ten.) originating from a seed stand and a seed orchard based on height and root-collar diameter. Averages of seedling height and root-collar diameter were 13.8 cm and 2.63 mm in orchard seedlings, while they were 14.8 cm and 4.56 mm in stand seedlings, respectively ...

SUBJECT: seed orchard; seedling; seed orchards; tree breeding; forestry

The history of reforestation in Slovakia is long and rich; from reforestation by seeding, through the small forest nurseries, reforestation of extreme degraded and high-mountain sites to the current The Act on forest reproductive material, nursery centers and reforestation of large windthrow areas. After brief introduction of the history, rather large part of this review is dedicated to the cu ...

SUBJECT: nursery practices; seedling quality; reforestation; seedling field performance; plantations

This article focuses on the creation of seed sources for forest planting or seeding with a special focus on clonal seed orchards supporting planting Norway spruce and Scots pine in Sweden. Supporting long-term breeding and low input breeding is discussed. The focus is not on clonal forestry, although this is discussed. Natural regeneration is not dealt with and provenance choice only briefly. ...

SUBJECT: long-term breeding; tree breeding; forestry; domestication; genetic diversity