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This article focuses on the creation of seed sources for forest planting or seeding with a special focus on clonal seed orchards supporting planting Norway spruce and Scots pine in Sweden. Supporting long-term breeding and low input breeding is discussed. The focus is not on clonal forestry, although this is discussed. Natural regeneration is not dealt with and provenance choice only briefly. ...

SUBJECT: forestry; tree breeding; seed orchard; long-term breeding; low-input breeding; domestication; genetic diversity; adaptation

POSTED TO: REFORESTA; No 1 (2016): Establishing Issue; 221-237 [2466-4367]

Journal Article

Reforestation challenges in Scandinavia

Mattsson, Anders [2016-06-05]

In the keynote, major reforestation challenges in Scandinavia will be highlighted. The following countries make up Scandinavia: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark. For Iceland, with only a forest cover of 2%, a major reforestation challenge is the deforestation and overgrazing in combination with land degradation and extensive soil erosion. The challenges include the conflicts with l ...

SUBJECT: scandinavia; reforestation challenges; deforestation; degradation; erosion; pine weevils; lifting; field storage; alternative species; climate change; forestry; reforestation

POSTED TO: REFORESTA; No 1 (2016): Establishing Issue; 67-85 [2466-4367]

Successful reforestation depends on the quality and health of seedlings. Targeted production in forest nurseries should produce plants that will be able to survive unfavorable environmental and weather conditions in Serbia. Pathogens can reduce the vitality of seedlings and decrease survival after outplanting. The most common pathogens identified on seeds of both conifer and broadleaved seedli ...

SUBJECT: forestry; forest nursery; forest pathology; seed; seedling; nursery production; pathogens; fungicides

POSTED TO: REFORESTA; No 1 (2016): Establishing Issue; 164-177 [2466-4367]

Over the past five decades, researchers in the southern United States have been working with nursery managers to develop ways to reduce the cost of producing seedlings. In this regard, the Southern Forest Nursery Management Cooperative (at Auburn University in Alabama) has helped reduce hand-weeding costs and losses due to nematodes and disease. As a result, nursery managers are able to legall ...

SUBJECT: bareroot; container; nursery; reforestation; forestry; forest nursery

POSTED TO: REFORESTA; No 1 (2016): Establishing Issue; 106-146 [2466-4367]

Projections of the regional climate model for Southeast Europe generally predict an increasing of temperature and a decrease in precipitation, with some local variations. Higher frequency of extreme weather events and increased flooding can also be expected. This climate change will, among other things, result in changes in habitats and species distribution, and a decrease in biodiversity. In ...

SUBJECT: climate change; assisted migration; seedling quality; planting; seedling protection; seedling field performance; forestry; reforestation; climate change

POSTED TO: REFORESTA; No 1 (2016): Establishing Issue; 178-220 [2466-4367]

Surface mining causes major destruction of natural landscapes and ecosystems. The most fertile, surface soil layer is lost permanently, together with vegetation, wildlife, and micro flora. Post-mining areas are characterized with diverse edaphic, topographic, hydrographic conditions, which complicate land restoration. Successful establishment of forest ecosystems on such land depends mostly on ...

SUBJECT: forestry; reforestation; post-mining landscapes; reforestation; mycorrhizal fungi; plant growth promoting rhizobacteria

POSTED TO: REFORESTA; No 1 (2016): Establishing Issue; 238-260 [2466-4367]

Plantations offer a high potential to respond to the increasing pressure on forests to deliver social, economic, and environmental services. Exotic tree species have a long history of use in plantation forestry, mostly because of their improved productivity compared with that of native species. Because of their impacts on land management and the environment, questions arise regarding the compa ...

SUBJECT: exotic tree species; reforestation; sfm; biodiversity issues; plantation; forest certification; tree plantations

POSTED TO: REFORESTA; No 1 (2016): Establishing Issue; 261-280 [2466-4367]

Most of the Iberian Peninsula has a Mediterranean climate, which strongly determines the objectives, strategies and techniques of forest restoration. This communication addresses a main forest restoration challenge for Mediterranean-climate woodlands in Spain: the transformation of old monospecific pine plantations to more diverse, resistant and resilient forest systems. I also present how aff ...

SUBJECT: forestry; afforestation; biodiversity; container stock; fertilization; pine plantations; oak stands; plant quality

POSTED TO: REFORESTA; No 1 (2016): Establishing Issue; 53-66 [2466-4367]

Involvement in forest restoration programs across North America for the past 40 years, dealing with nursery cultural practices, operational seedling quality programs and defining seedling performance on restoration sites has given me a unique perspective, which I have used to examine programs from both a research and operational perspective. Certain biological patterns and themes continually a ...

SUBJECT: ecophysiology; stress resistance; seedling quality; planting stress; seedling death; forestry; ecophysiology

POSTED TO: REFORESTA; No 1 (2016): Establishing Issue; 1-36 [2466-4367]

Increased summer drought and wildfires as a consequence of continuing climate change are expected to lead to disturbance of Mediterranean ecosystems. Seedlings recruitment is sensitive to both stresses and, therefore, any adaptation and restoration strategy devised to protect these forests should take into account a careful study on their effects on seedling development. As a substantial fract ...

SUBJECT: fine root, adaptation, management, oak, seedlings; forestry, biology, ecology

POSTED TO: REFORESTA; No 1 (2016): Establishing Issue; 86-105 [2466-4367]