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Purpose. To reveal the peculiarities of determining the criteria of distinctness, uniformity and stability of new varieties of romaine lettuce by identifying the phenotype of Lactuca sativa var. longifolia L. in accordance with international requirements and establish the morphological code formula of the official description, according to which the state registration of the variety was carrie ...

SUBJECT: head; phenotype; romaine lettuce; identification; distinctness

POSTED TO: Plant varieties studying and protection [2518-7457]

Purpose. Evaluate the genotype–environment interaction and identify the spring barley breeding lines with a combination of yield performance and stability in the multi-environment trials. Methods. Twelve barley breeding lines and standard variety ‘Vzirets’ were tested in three different ecological zones of Ukraine: Central Forest-Steppe, Polissia and Northern Steppe. To characterize the genoty ...

SUBJECT: genotype–environment interaction; multi-environment trials; ammi; breeding lines; barley

POSTED TO: Plant varieties studying and protection [2518-7457]

Purpose. Create a collection fund and highly adaptive cultivar of the little common plant Nepeta mussinii Spreng. ex Henckel (Lamiaceae Lindl.), suitable for growing in the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine and using as an essential oil, medicinal, food and decorative culture. Methods. Common methods in the introduction of plants in the study of generic complexes and multiple individual selection, whic ...

SUBJECT: new cultivar nepeta mussinii; ollecting essential oil plants; introduction and selection process

POSTED TO: Plant varieties studying and protection [2518-7457]

Purpose. To assess the genetic diversity of rapeseed varieties using SSR markers in order to create breeding material and use that material in complex in vitro selection for drought and salt tolerance. Methods. PCR analysis, cluster analysis. Results. The results of analysis of rapeseed varieties polymorphism based on molecular-genetic markers is presented.As a result of the analysis of rapese ...

SUBJECT: rapeseed; varietal diversity; microsatellite markers; cluster analysis

POSTED TO: Plant varieties studying and protection [2518-7457]

Purpose. To develop the method of direct induced androgenesis of sugar beet in culture in vitro. Methods. Biotechnological, cytological, breeding, statistical. Results. Specific for sugar beet components of the method of direct induced androgenesis in culture in vitro was developed, in particular, the phase of development of microspores, optimal for initiation of androgenesis, the temperature ...

SUBJECT: anthers; androgenic embryoids; growth regulators; nutrient media; microclones

POSTED TO: Plant varieties studying and protection [2518-7457]

Purpose. The purpose of the study was to investigate mineral composition of new varieties of plants Salvia verticillata L. ‘Musketeer’ and S. patens Сav. ‘Maestro’ selected by Gryshko National Botanical Gardens of NAS of Ukraine in order to determine the suitability of their use in the food and pharmaceutical industries of Ukraine. Methods. X-ray fluorescence method was applied for determining ...

SUBJECT: macro- and macroelements; variety; salvia

POSTED TO: Plant varieties studying and protection [2518-7457]

Purpose. To find out the specifics of cannabidiol and other cannabinoid compounds accumulation during the ontogenesis of industrial monoecious hemp (i); to determine the optimal phenological stage of harvesting for the purpose of obtaining cannabidiol for pharmaceutical purposes (ii); to find out the prospects of using hemp for the needs of pharmaceutical industry (iii).Methods. Field, labo­ra ...

SUBJECT: hemp; phenological phases; tetrahydrocannabinol; kannabinol; biomass

POSTED TO: Plant varieties studying and protection [2518-7457]

Рurpose. The determination of the quantitative and quali­tative content of higher fatty acids, aminoacids, macro- and migroelements in Actinidia arguta (Siebold et Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq) seeds.Methods. The qualitative and quantitative composition of higher fatty acids (HFA) was determined on a chromatograph “HP-6890”. The standard set of HFA was used to identify them. The quantitative and qual ...

SUBJECT: macro- and microelements; seeds; lipid complex; amino acids; aсtinidia arguta

POSTED TO: Plant varieties studying and protection [2518-7457]

Purpose. To compare scales of grain crops growth and development.Results. Based on the generalization of the well-known scales of grain crops growth and development –Feekes scale, Haun scale, Zadoks scale, ВВСН, Kuperman and Semenova, Keller-Baglioni – comparative tables and correspondences between physical and biological time of plant development were worked out. The obtained information is o ...

SUBJECT: unified extended bbch scale; zadoks scale; haun scale; keller-baglioni scale; growth and development of grain crops

POSTED TO: Plant varieties studying and protection [2518-7457]

Purpose. To determine optimal combination of ferti­lizing doses, plant density for eight studied hybrids with forming economically valuable part of yield by harvest index calculating.Methods. During 2015–2017, multifactor field experiment was laid and carried out on typical chernozems (Zikrachi village, Kagarlyk district, Kyiv region, Right Bank Forest-Steppe): factor A – hybrid ‘Dniprovskyi 2 ...

SUBJECT: standing density of plants; fertilizing doses; hybrid; plants structure; corn

POSTED TO: Plant varieties studying and protection [2518-7457]