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Lopatnyuk, L.A., National Academy of Sciences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Agrarian Series, 1817-7204. 2009. Russian.

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innovation; traitement; cambio tecnologico; linum usitatissimum; belarus; technological changes; procesamiento; industria no alimentaria; industrie non alimentaire; innovacion; industrie textile; lino; changement technologique; lin; flax; agricultural economics; non food industries; processing; economia agricola; industria textil; textile industry; economie agricole

Abstract :

The tendency and the economic situation of flax cultivation and processing in the conditions of the Republic of Belarus are considered. Innovation indicators of development of the processing enterprises of linen branch are proved, the strategic direction of creation of a final consumer product through the intensify of the cooperation process and the integration on the basis of cluster interrel ...

Grib, S.I.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Agrarian Series, 1817-7204. 2009. Russian.

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breeding methods; triticum aestivum; hibridacion; belarus; endogamia; cultivos de primavera; inbreeding; trigo; hybridization; seleccion; hybridation; methode d'amelioration genetique; triticum; selection; wheats; spring crops; culture de printemps; ble; metodos de mejoramiento genetico

Abstract :

The selection process of spring wheat (Triticum Aestivum) at the Scientific and Practical Center for Agriculture of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus is outlined. It is shown that for a short period (1993–2009) a series of new sorts of spring wheat, such as Korona, Vasilisa, Laska, Lyubava have been created. It is established that spring wheat sorts of the Belorussian selection are s ...

Mikhajlovskaya, N.A., Kasyanchik, S.A., Mikanova, O., Crop Research Institute. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Agrarian Series, 1817-7204. 2009. Russian.

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bacillus circulans; triticum aestivum; potassium; belarus; fertilizers; leguminosas de grano; potash fertilizers; application methods; grain legumes; inoculation; methode d'application; inoculacion; pisum sativum; peas; abonos potasicos; metodos de aplicacion; guisante; potasio; bacillus; legumineuse a grains; abonos; engrais; engrais potassique; pois

Abstract :

The effect of biofertilizer Kaliplant (K-mobilizing bacteria) on utilization of soil potassium by grain crops (winter rye, spring wheat and winter triticale) as well as pea was tested in a field experiment on sod-podzolic loamy sand soil characterized by different levels of K-supply. The influence of Bacillus circulans on the development of the root system of Triticum aestivum, annual average ...

Chirko, E.M., National Academy of Sciences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Agrarian Series, 1817-7204. 2009. Russian.

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panicum miliaceum; propriete biologique; cereales; biological properties; belarus; mijos; variete a haut rendement; high yielding varieties; variete; variedades de alto rendimiento; cereals; adaptability; propiedades biologicas; millets; millet; seed production; varieties; production de semences; variedades; adaptabilite; produccion de semillas; cereale; adaptabilidad

Abstract :

Results of a three-year ecological strain testing of the varieties of millet in the conditions of the south-west region of the Republic of Belarus are outlined. The complex estimation of their efficiency and adaptability is made with the use of various statistics and techniques. The dependence of the yield of millet from different factors is analyzed with double-factor disperse analysis. The l ...

Pikun, P.T.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Agrarian Series, 1817-7204. 2009. Russian.

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belarus; plante fourragere; rendement des cultures; forrajes; forage; plantas forrajeras; feed crops; crop yield; medicago sativa; seed production; production de semences; alfalfa; factores de rendimiento; lucerne; produccion de semillas; luzerne; yield factors; fourrage; facteur de rendement; rendimiento de cultivos

Abstract :

The article generalizes the research results of the growing of lucerne (Medicago Sativa) for seeds obtained at the Polesye Branch of the Scientific-Practical Center for Agriculture of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. The forage value of the lucerne seeds, the level of proteins, mineral salts and carbohydrates are analyzed. The influence of nitrogen and boron on the crop yield of lu ...

Prudnikov, V. A., Golub, I.A., Shipko, P.I., Evseev, P.A., Korobova, N.V.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Agrarian Series, 1817-7204. 2009. Russian.

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plantas textiles; belarus; resistance aux maladies; rendement des cultures; siembra; lino; crop yield; lin; flax; resistance to injurious factors; resistencia a agentes daninos; rendimiento de cultivos; rotacion de cultivos; linum usitatissimum; reensemencement; fibre crops; rotation culturale; resistance aux facteurs nuisibles; resiembra; resistencia a la enfermedad; ensemencement; disease resistance; resowing; sowing; plante a fibres; crop rotation

Abstract :

The results of the field experiences with fiber flax (Linum usitatissimum) are presented. The influence of resowing on the crop yield and the quality of flax fiber of a new flax variety Praleska are shown. The extension and development of anthracnose and other diseases in the early yellow ripeness phase on mono culture of flax are analyzed. The crop yield of fiber flax and the quality indexes ...

Botyan, I.N.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Agrarian Series, 1817-7204. 2009. Russian.

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soil chemicophysical properties; belarus; suelo acido; acid soils; soil; liming materials; gestion du sol; suelo; carbonato de calcio; sol; calcium carbonate; sol acide; manejo del suelo; tipos quimicos de suelos; ph del suelo; chimie du sol; quimica del suelo; enmiendas calizas; type de sol chimique; propriete physicochimique du sol; carbonate de calcium; propiedades fisico - quimicas suelo; chemical soil types; soil management; soil ph; amendement calcique; ph du sol; soil chemistry

Abstract :

Annual requirement in lime fertilizers in the Republic of Belarus is analyzed. The average doses of lime (calcium carbonate CaCO3), accepted for the liming of the soils of the country, based on the slake level of 3/4 of hydrolytic acidity are measured. Experimental data of the storage of lime materials is shown. Experiments made in Virovlyany farm have shown that the application of calcium car ...

Tanana, L.A., Korshun, S.I., Klimov, N.N.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Agrarian Series, 1817-7204. 2009. Russian.

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profitability; belarus; lactation duration; productividad; milk yield; seleccion; duracion de la lactancia; rentabilite; reproductividad; rentabilidad; productivity; rendement laitier; duree de la lactation; longevity; performance de reproduction; ganado bovino; females; cows; animal reproducteur; rendimiento lechero; cattle; femelle; animal reproductor; selection; longevite; bovin; reproductive performance; productivite; vache; hembra; vaca; breeding stock; longevidad

Abstract :

The results on comparative estimation of cows of different genotypes in the index of productive longevity in the conditions of RUAE Plemzavod Korelichi and RUAE Plemzavod Ross in the Grodno region of the Republic of Belarus are presented. Distinctions are set on the longevity and life productivity of cows having a different stake of genes of Holstein breed. In RUAE Plemzavod Korelichi the cows ...

Batkovskaya, T. V.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Agrarian Series, 1817-7204. 2009. Russian.

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breeding value; belarus; rendement en viande; croisement; valeur genetique; seleccion; reproductividad; crossbreeding; engraissement; performance de reproduction; fattening; breeding methods; cruzamiento; porcin; meat yield; animal reproducteur; engorde; swine; methode d'amelioration genetique; animal reproductor; selection; animal genetics; genetica animal; valor genetico; rendimiento carnico; reproductive performance; cerdo; metodos de mejoramiento genetico; genetique animale; breeding stock

Abstract :

Reproductive characteristics of pure bred and mongrel breeding sows, fatting and meat qualities of the descendants, born within double and triple crossing from Duroc, Yorkshire and Landrace boars of Canadian selection were researched. The experiment was carried out in JSC Klevitsa for 2007-2009. Different breeds of swine, such as Large White, Durok, Yorkshire and Landrace were used for the res ...

Dromashko, S.E., Kvitko, O.V., Afonin, V.Yu., Koneva, I.I., Shejko, Ya.I.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Agrarian Series, 1817-7204. 2009. Russian.

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marcadores geneticos; belarus; transcription; carpa; expresion genica; carpe; transcripcion; cyprinus carpio; genetic engineering; vieillissement; carp; expression des genes; envejecimiento; genie genetique; aging; genetic markers; gene expression; marqueur genetique; ingenieria genetica

Abstract :

Expression of beta-galactosidase gene in various breed groups of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) bred in Belarus was analysed. For the first time, the beta-galactosidase gene expression was found in carp liver cells, while there was no expression of this gene in peripheral blood erythrocytes. The data were obtained on evidence of difference of beta-galactosidase gene expression among individuals wit ...

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