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Patrinos, Harry Anthony, Velez, Eduardo, Wang, Catherine Yan. 2013-11; World Bank, Washington, DC.

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instructional time; student enrollment; curriculum; service training; cognitive function; effective teachers; head teacher; school district; school committee; tertiary enrollment; human development; private school; student learning achievement; ethics; higher test scores; student achievement; pedagogy; basic education; school-age; school reform; gross enrollment; school readiness; learning environment; early childhood; school activities; school system; primary level; school attendance; tuition; public schools; early childhood care; job satisfaction; instructional methods; completion rates; school quality; schools; educational authorities; public school; bilingual education; papers; informed decision making; quality teachers; early grades; board of education; quality of higher education; primary school age; early childhood development; early years of life; quality of teaching; problem solving; student assessment; education leaders; teachers; high school; education reforms; higher education; instructional settings; bilingual education program; benefits of education; student assessment systems; school program; student characteristics; salary increases; educational reform; national assessment; school improvement; educational institutions; teacher development; out-of-school children; school management; school year; national culture; education expenditure; educational research; preschool education; parental participation; teacher absenteeism; school boards; cognitive skills; primary school; school governance; age cohort; quality of education; education for all; educational achievements; private tutoring; scientific research; general education; student outcomes; national education; poor people; expenditures; secondary education; learners; professional development; free schools; high schools; learning outcomes; student learning; education projects; education reform; teacher performance; intellectual development; quality of teachers; student learning outcomes; language of instruction; accreditation; tertiary education; achievement scores; education benchmarks; education system; educational outcomes; education authorities; academic achievement; learning opportunities; dropout rates; student dropout; ethnic groups; disadvantaged students; curriculum reform; educational quality; education planning; tertiary education expansion; adults; educational planning; high achievement; reform of education systems; leadership; nutrition; educational problems; girls; education quality; teacher; achievement tests; early childhood education; school systems; school performance; teacher selection; effective education; textbook; effective schools; education sector; education budget; quality education; reading skills; basic skills; literacy; reading; numeracy; tenure; learning; education services; parental education; career; school children; school effectiveness; teacher training; universities; school buildings; income-generating activities; reform of education; interventions; achievement level; ethnic minorities; out of school children; repetition; classroom; knowledge base; school institutions; education economics; future research; school autonomy; cognitive development; textbook supply; first grade; literature; quality teaching; economics of education; investment in education; student performance; human capital; gross enrollment rate; school principals; primary school-age children; quality of life; higher productivity; private schools; teaching; exams; higher student learning; educational development; schooling; report cards; education policy; open access; low achievement; education strategy; national assessments; early child development; compulsory primary education; educational budget; education expansion; curricular change; public institutions

Abstract :

In 2000, the goal that, by 2015, all children will have access to, and complete, free and compulsory primary education of good quality, was set. Despite the progress in terms of student enrollment and completion, the quality of learning produced in developing countries remains poor. Existing models of education production are inadequate for informing education reform for the purpose of ...

World Bank. 2012-05; Washington, DC.

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student enrollment; curriculum; school curriculum; household size; tertiary education; modernization; education system; policy formulation; gross domestic product; primary schooling; private education; regional activities; enrollment for boys; education agencies; primary enrollment; medical facilities; social benefits; human development; student-teacher ratios; net enrollment; mother tongue; vocational school; secondary school; unemployment rates; married women; family size; instruction; secondary certificate; policy research working paper; mobility; primary schools; pedagogy; mother; universal enrollment; economic prosperity; community schools; marital status; gross enrollment; state schools; participation rates; academic subjects; education opportunities; learning skills; ministry of health; dissemination; school system; nutrition; girls; small countries; teacher; exam; school statistics; vocational education; nationals; female labor force; medium of instruction; schools; family health; vocational training; gross enrollment ratio; developing countries; education sector; sports; educated mothers; resource centre; class sizes; education institutions; low enrollment rates; pre-school education; science teachers; learning; tertiary education systems; democracy; problem solving skills; secondary schools; formal education; academic skills; ministry of education; impact of education; technical education; occupations; child health; diseases; problem solving; education systems; student assessment; extracurricular activities; level of education; ner; teachers; education investment; social mobility; primary education; participation of women; higher education; normal school curriculum; primary enrollment rates; education level; neonatal mortality; school students; number of students; school teachers; benefits of education; academic performance; number of schools; student-teacher ratio; secondary school students; levels of education; interventions; neo-natal mortality; educated women; repetition; improvement of education quality; infant; enrollment rate; vocational skills; lower secondary education; small school; low-income countries; arrangement of classrooms; uneducated mothers; formal school curriculum; gender parity; teacher salaries; labor market; youth; scholarships; cognitive skills; primary school; age cohort; maternal education; quality of education; free education; education for all; education courses; universal primary education; education statistics; economics of education; quality assurance; general education; investment in education; net enrollment rate; school enrollment; child mortality; human capital; aptitudes; mathematics; gross enrollment rate; gross enrollment rates; number of children; secondary education; health care services; unemployment; education attainment; private schools; education officials; national university; rural residence; kindergarten; female education; enrollment rate for girls; gross national income; education policy; learning outcomes; skilled workers; both sexes; adult life; infant mortality; policy makers; unemployment rate; national assessments; policy research; improvement of education; primary enrollment rate; active learning; health care; human resource development; education cycle

Abstract :

Human capital is the central determinant of economic well-being and social advancement in the modern global economy. The key characteristic that distinguishes between advanced economies, middle-income economies and low-income economies is the knowledge content of their economic activities and production processes. Industry, agriculture and especially services have become increasingly kn ...

World Bank. 2008-03; Washington, DC.

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curriculum; life-skills education; primary completion; gender differences; public expenditure on education; education management; nutrition status; educated workers; elementary school students; human development; net enrollment; instruction; teacher shortage; education offices; basic education; school-age; gender disparity; school-age populations; gross enrollment; access to education; basic education spending; births per woman; public education spending; early childhood; adult literacy; primary level; school-age population; exam; public schools; vocational education; school level; mother-tongue education; completion rates; schools; school operations; nomadic populations; learning materials; literacy materials; public school; decision making; adult education; pupil-teacher ratio; disadvantaged children; enrollment rates; pupil teacher ratios; secondary schools; primary school enrollment; early childhood development; school graduates; technical education; school gross enrollment; primary health care; primary completion rate; teachers; skills development; trainees; primary education; higher education; mother-tongue; learning achievements; pupil-teacher ratios; school teachers; mass media; middle school students; school development; health interventions; teacher development; quality standards; nomadic groups; formal basic education; school management; literacy program; education expenditure; adult illiteracy rates; returns to education; curriculum development; education programs; formal schooling; school years; primary school; quality of education; education for all; repeaters; quality assurance; formal education system; higher enrollment; rural areas; national education; gross enrollment rates; secondary education; formal schools; learners; local teachers; attendance at school; literacy rates; average repetition rate; training institutes; learning outcomes; female students; boarding schools; teacher training programs; construction of classrooms; number of pupils; basic education system; number of pupils in school; basic education statistics; access rate; radio lessons; dropout rates; textbooks; gender equity; female enrollment; secondary school; lower levels of education; primary schools; education outcomes; adults; television broadcasts; school literacy; educated population; higher levels of education; adult illiteracy; ger; school entry; nutrition; literacy education; enrollment ratios; training college; teacher; adult learners; school census; gross enrollment ratio; pass grade; effective schools; education sector; quality education; higher education institutions; reading; numeracy; learning; education expenditures; literacy skills; access to schools; school children; special schools; elementary school teachers; parent teacher associations; teacher training; radio; level of education; elementary education; repetition rates; universal elementary education; elementary schools; number of teachers; school students; number of students; teacher training colleges; non-formal education; adult education program; number of schools; national examinations; boarding; head teachers; school fee; life expectancy; classroom; teacher training institutions; middle schools; life-skills; elementary school; school site; training activities; adult literacy programs; literacy classes; school directors; indigenous languages; universal primary education; educational attainment; disadvantaged groups; resources for education; social welfare; school enrollment; middle school; gross enrollment rate; monitoring learning achievement; school completion; students per year; age groups; private schools; teaching; gender disparities; public expenditure; schooling; enrollment rates for girls; pupil teacher ratio; post-literacy; school costs; school enrollments

Abstract :

Eritrea is one of the poorest countries in the world, with an average annual per capita income of US$ 200 in 2006, and ranks 157th out of 177 countries in the 2005 human development index. Rain-fed agriculture, the predominant economic activity for more than half the population, is a very risky enterprise and food security remains one of the government's main concerns. Given the securit ...

World Bank. 2010-06-01; World Bank.

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curriculum; primary completion; gender differences; community participation; education management; primary school age population; service training; training for teachers; education goals; junior secondary; primary education development project; school population; primary enrollment; teacher education; private primary schools; human development; continuing education; equity in education; learning time; gross enrollment; dropout rate; access to education; participation rates; pass rate; academic subjects; access to secondary education; education opportunities; gender gap; public education spending; early childhood; recruitment of teachers; text books; school system; primary level; school attendance; tuition; school management committees; vocational education; school level; enrolment rates; completion rates; rural students; schools; public primary education; regular attendance; enrollment rates; post-primary education; secondary schools; primary school enrollment; cohort method; intake rates; primary school age; primary teaching; free textbooks; school certificate; assessment of education; reading materials; teachers; primary education spending; government primary schools; participation of women; primary education; higher education; school teachers; junior secondary level; completion rate; primary school age children; national assessment; school development; enrollment rate; achieving gender parity; polio; out-of-school children; school management; nutrition program; education expenditure; preschool education; junior secondary school; education targets; primary education offices; primary school; education spending; quality of education; school levels; gender sensitive; rural areas; poor people; enrollment; student population; gross enrollment rates; secondary education; gross enrolment rates; social relations; junior secondary schools; primary school teachers; primary education development; high schools; female education; gross enrolment; teaching quality; nonformal education; learning outcomes; female students; student learning; mass education; enrollment ratio; net enrolment rates; tuition payments; student learning outcomes; school aged children; national curriculum; educational outcomes; female access; textbooks; net enrolment; experimental schools; gender equity; teacher ratio; female enrollment; secondary school; secondary certificate; social development; parent-teacher associations; primary completion rates; community schools; teacher effectiveness; high drop-out rates; leadership; nutrition; girls; education administration; teacher; school affairs; school performance; academic supervision; measles; vocational training; textbook; production of textbooks; effective schools; education sector; education budget; quality education; class sizes; literacy; reading; enrollment levels; numeracy; learning; untrained teachers; education expenditures; education services; primary education government; primary school completion rates; kindergartens; textbook production; parent teacher associations; teacher training; access to schooling; primary enrollment rates; preprimary education; gender imbalances; levels of education; interventions; out of school children; school mapping; enrollment data; classroom; primary school completion; teacher training institutions; examination pass rates; teacher salaries; primary school students; teaching materials; free tuition; training activities; primary education system; basic literacy; primary school textbooks; educational attainment; attendance rate; literacy rate; education providers; student subsidies; student assessments; private schools; teaching; school management committee; public expenditure; schooling; education policy; attendance of students; final grade; classroom teaching

Abstract :

Bangladesh has recorded many impressive achievements in economic and social development in the last decade and a half. It has achieved steady economic growth of over 5.5 percent annually (over 6 percent on average since 2004), maintained relatively low inflation and stable levels of domestic debt. More remarkable have been its achievements in reducing income poverty and improving social ...

Liang, Xiaoyan, Chen, Shuang. 2013-10-25; Washington, DC: World Bank.

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knowledge base; high school; skills development; national university; education attainment; tertiary sectors; youth; degrees; internships; junior secondary; student performance; education level; formal education; skilled personnel; equitable education; educational attainment; higher education; skill levels; middle schools; researchers; formal training programs; rates of return to education; teacher ratios; number of students; lifelong learning; vocational schools; early childhood; primary schools; access to education; ger; tertiary education; basic education; level of education; technical assistance; mobility; formal educational institutions; occupations; enrollment rates; teaching; investment in education; training materials; schooling; teacher training; compulsory education; universities; middle school; primary school; literature; private institutions; basic education system; learning activities; formal educational system; public expenditure on education; expenditures; secondary education; accreditation; school education; early childhood education; cognitive skills; higher productivity; school project; job market; formal education system; curriculum reforms; middle school education; lower secondary level; educated workers; personality; creative thinking; human resources; vouchers; primary education; education expansion; average level of education; training programs; cost of education; generic skills; interventions; skilled workers; teacher qualifications; research institute; vocational education; learners; cognitive development; curriculum; higher education institution; training courses; needs assessment; rural areas; social groups; formal certification; ministries of education; skilled labor; teacher education; gross enrollment ratio; school systems; instructors; ministry of education; curriculum development; educational expenditure; educational outputs; social welfare; scientific research; ethnic groups; school level; primary school education; participation rates; student-teacher ratios; school leaders; student-teacher ratio; pupil expenditure; rural population; school graduates; private enterprises; vocational skills; nonformal training; teacher; public expenditure; assessment framework; education sector; education programs; student assessment; ethnic diversity; proficiency; literacy; education for children; nutrition; average educational attainment; early childhood development; skill development; formal learning; decision making; primary level; numeracy; quality assurance; ethnic minority; education systems; low educational attainment; health care; rates of return; high schools; mathematics; parity; non-formal training; training institutions; technical skills; learning; academic ranking; skilled labor force; general education; educational services; educational administration; employment; teachers; expenditures per student; leadership; curriculum reform; agricultural productivity; tertiary levels; schools; provision of education; human development; tertiary sector; skilled professionals; sports; public expenditures; education finance; migrant workers; problem solving; social development; labor force; higher education project; training funds; gross enrollment; reading; skills training; diplomas; tertiary level; non-formal education; cost of training; low levels of education; vocational training; educational sciences; returns to education

Abstract :

It starts with a demand-side analysis in chapter two, examining historical trends in demand for skills, revealing the types of skills in demand, and projecting future demand for skills driven by economic growth and policy development. Chapter two also highlights the emerging skills shortages and mismatches in Yunnan. The rest of the report focuses on the access, quality, and relevance of Yunna ...

World Bank. 2003-12; Washington, DC.

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education facilities; primary completion; gender differences; tertiary education; education system; upe; primary schooling; social groups; educational outcomes; elementary schooling; primary enrollment; drop out rates; net enrolment; human development; gender equity; enrolment rate; net enrollment; religious schools; economic growth; mobility; primary schools; upper primary; education outcomes; primary completion rates; basic education; gender disparity; qualified teachers; gross enrollment; participation rates; primary cycle; educational attainments; gender gap; ger; teacher effectiveness; net enrollment ratios; primary level; nutrition; urban areas; girls education; household surveys; enrollment ratios; girls; teacher; enrolment rates; educational expenditures; education sector; state education systems; age group; school participation; educational opportunities; education indicators; literacy levels; literacy; primary education program; reading; primary grades; achievements; enrollment rates; learning; equitable distribution; education expenditures; access to schools; universal basic education; parental education; technical education; educational investments; achievement; education systems; girls enrollment; employment opportunities; per capita income; level of education; primary education completion; elementary education; ner; educational reforms; upper primary grades; primary education; government primary schools; higher education; universal elementary education; primary net enrollment rate; educational access; school networks; access to quality education; right to education; physical access; levels of education; primary levels; net enrolment rate; out of school children; school mapping; repetition; state education; compulsory education; primary education participation; proficiency; elementary school; education expenditure; women teachers; rural literacy; socio-economic status; medical education; drop outs; illiterates; student enrollments; primary school; school facilities; free education; education for all; universal primary education; universal education; rural poor; attendance rate; general education; disadvantaged groups; rural girls; rural areas; literacy rate; mathematics; enrollment; desired objectives; gross enrollment rates; attending school; secondary education; education standards; primary enrolment; age groups; gross enrolment rates; educational development; gender disparities; schooling; literacy rates; universal literacy; public expenditures on education; gross enrolment; school education; primary enrollment rate; literates; education for children; access to primary schooling; birth order; school aged children

Abstract :

This policy note analyses the evidence on the various equity issues relating to the participation and completion of elementary school education in India is based on the data collected by the national sample survey (NSS) and national family health surveys (NFHS), the latest year being looked at is 1998-99. this documentation of state-wise regional, community, gender and income inequities ...

World Bank. 2012-11; Washington, DC.

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recurrent expenditure; public expenditure on education; education management; training of personnel; budget transfers; education materials; junior secondary; primary enrollment; ministry of finance; health sector; female teachers; national income; human development; student-teacher ratios; net enrollment; instruction; education offices; classrooms; qualified teachers; gross enrollment; dropout rate; access to education; class size; gender gap; public education spending; enrollment of girls; early childhood; net enrollment ratios; school system; health services; cost per student; primary level; external aid; public schools; vocational education; school level; schools; learning materials; sanitation; government spending; level of public spending; accountability; public primary schools; enrollment rates; official school age; child malnutrition; education systems; civil service; health expenditures; financial accountability; school environment; teachers; high school; primary education; higher education; civil service agency; government policy; primary levels; donor support; programs; net enrollment ratio; access to quality schooling; financial management; enrollment rate; finance ministry; teacher development; vulnerable groups; out-of-school children; poverty reduction strategy; junior secondary education; school year; education expenditure; equal access; gender parity; social equity; student scores; junior secondary school; physical infrastructure; educators; primary school; education spending; quality of education; education for all; school levels; repeaters; student teacher ratio; general education; educational services; rural areas; social insurance; student population; gross enrollment rates; secondary education; training opportunities; unequal access; public expenditures on education; teaching quality; universal primary completion; learning outcomes; skilled workers; female students; school size; student learning; education reform; young people; improvement of education; child education; basic schooling; fiscal policy; education system; gross domestic product; educational outcomes; textbooks; share of education budget; public expenditure management; female enrollment; national pension scheme; secondary school; primary schools; social development; district education; community schools; compulsory basic education; primary gross enrollment; ger; leadership; nutrition; budget execution; girls; teacher; public health; national budget; early childhood education; school dropout; junior secondary levels; post-conflict situation; school census; gross enrollment ratio; textbook; vulnerable children; education sector; quality education; literacy; girls in school; higher education institutions; public works; learning; older children; education expenditures; access to schools; adolescents; classroom management; teacher training; level of education; ner; repetition rates; number of teachers; school censuses; student-teacher ratio; levels of education; interventions; improvement of education quality; national school; health financing; classroom; primary gross enrollment ratio; poverty reduction; basic package; appropriations; school construction; social safety nets; youth; social protection; gender equality; first grade; school settings; social security; universal primary education; school feeding; skills training; resources for education; social welfare; school enrollment; gross enrollment rate; health spending; transparency; school age children; public expenditure review; equitable access; government expenditures; quality of life; education attainment; private schools; teaching; social protection sector; gender disparities; public expenditure; schooling; education policy; education investments; primary education budget

Abstract :

The human development sector (essentially, education, health, and social protection) plays an important role in promoting economic development and social equity, and improvement in these areas can have a salutary impact on peace and stability. This report is a compilation of three separate sector studies, covering education, health, and social protection. Notwithstanding that each study ...

World Bank. 2012-12; Washington, DC.

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curriculum; accreditation; primary school education; education system; secondary school graduates; educated workers; junior secondary; academic achievement; school committee; international student assessment; textbooks; social benefits; human development; open university; formal school system; private school; skilled labor; minimum qualifications; vocational secondary; vocational school; school sites; supply of teachers; unemployment rates; educational quality; family life; technological innovations; economic growth; primary schools; classrooms; basic education; adults; school-age; compulsory education system; qualified teachers; gross enrollment; access to education; class size; higher level of education; vocational schools; academic subjects; school supply; access to secondary education; higher levels of education; student subsidy; education assessment; school system; post-secondary education; skilled people; youth population; school attendance; school-age population; teacher; public schools; educational achievement; school level; school performance; curriculum design; test scores; schools; school quality; vocational training; school operations; gross enrollment ratio; learning materials; public school; gross enrolment ratio; education indicators; basic skills; course work; senior secondary schools; higher education institutions; reading; learning; secondary schools; universal basic education; education services; formal education; school graduates; teaching force; private higher education institutions; problem solving; quality schools; student assessment; senior secondary schooling; voucher system; level of education; school gross enrollment; senior secondary level; general secondary education; teachers; high school; skills development; secondary enrollment; higher education; teacher qualification; school students; global education; school teachers; demand for education; number of schools; student-teacher ratio; teacher management; junior secondary level; formal schooling system; improving learning achievement; secondary graduates; national examinations; compulsory education; senior secondary; adult population; enrollment data; vocational skills; classroom; secondary school enrollment; school management; elementary school; school year; private secondary schools; school infrastructure; teacher salaries; school survey; junior secondary school; cognitive test; types of schools; returns to education; public school system; achievement disparities; formal schooling; youth; cognitive skills; primary school; labor force; quality of education; junior secondary schooling; teaching job; job security; certified teachers; education for all; universal primary education; productive workforce; education statistics; education levels; educational attainment; student teacher ratio; formal education system; investment in education; higher enrollment; student performance; national education; educational inputs; school enrollment; senior secondary education; universal coverage; mathematics; rural population; vocational secondary education; gross enrollment rate; gross enrollment rates; education providers; secondary education; school organization; school types; general senior secondary; equitable access; education attainment; student assessments; junior secondary schools; private schools; access to junior secondary education; universal completion; teaching; enrollment growth; public school teachers; high schools; gross enrolment; education policies; learning outcomes; science study; skilled workers; occupational skills; school education; unemployment rate; teacher knowledge; disadvantaged schools; senior secondary school; quality of teachers; school places; upper secondary; school enrollments; junior secondary school level; demand for skills

Abstract :

With the globalized economy, well-educated youth will be critical to Indonesia s competitiveness in the future. Demand for skilled workers will increase with skill-oriented technological change. In addition, a large pool of skills also facilitates knowledge spillover and attracts technology imports. In the past decades, significant changes of Indonesia s labor market have already taken ...

World Bank. 2015; Washington, DC. English.

Type :

Other

Agrovoc Terms :

curriculum; degree programs; education management; private education; junior secondary; primary enrollment; junior colleges; applied research; human development; net enrollment; ethics; unemployment rates; instruction; student achievement; basic education; human resources; gross enrollment; tertiary education institutions; primary cycle; advanced degrees; research institute; vocational colleges; early childhood; primary level; tuition; early childhood care; vocational education; technical training; completion rates; private training institutions; schools; job opportunities; job market; employment growth; teacher training institutes; tertiary institutions; junior certificate; training programs; secondary schools; universal basic education; labor force demands; training funds; technical education; private institutions; basic learning; continuous learning; problem solving; education systems; quality schools; employment opportunities; knowledge societies; senior secondary level; teachers; skills development; primary education; higher education; graduate unemployment; distance education courses; tuition fees; tertiary education research; junior secondary level; research centers; institutions of higher education; educational institutions; school-leavers; private training; trained labor force; training facilities; disciplines; junior secondary school; curriculum development; undergraduate level; cognitive skills; college programs; primary school; college of agriculture; quality of education; education for all; tertiary education system; polytechnics; quality assurance; open learning; postgraduate level; doctoral degrees; primary teacher training; expenditures; distance education; secondary education; cost of training; academic education; industrial training; performance of students; learning outcomes; student learning; educational institution; undergraduate programs; human resource development; technical knowledge; knowledge sharing; basic education system; language of instruction; accreditation; tertiary education; course of study; academic freedom; learning opportunities; dropout rates; textbooks; instructors; employment; educational quality; primary schools; workers; provision of textbooks; student satisfaction; higher levels of education; career education; post-secondary education; training college; teacher; education department; private colleges; achievement tests; urban school; private tertiary institutions; curricula; training centers; quality learning; performance indicators; vocational training; investments in education; graduate studies; education sector; sports; vocational institutes; social sciences; literacy; higher education institutions; reading; technical colleges; lifelong learning; numeracy; faculties; medical doctors; training institutions; learning; postgraduate training; ministry of education; career; centers of excellence; tertiary education providers; teacher training; tertiary level; level of education; universities; diaspora; academic community; background papers; teacher training colleges; non-formal education; levels of education; national examinations; technical institutes; pupils; advanced skills; university education; junior certificate examination; classroom; basic education sector; employment outcomes; skilled workforce; further education; work experience; student enrollments; colleges of education; literature; labor force; education statistics; educational attainment; university governance; academic staff; skills training; student performance; school furniture; net enrollment rate; human capital; mathematics; gross enrollment rate; technical skills; training courses; private tertiary education; teaching; schooling; high dropout; science study; professional training; degrees; knowledge economy

Abstract :

Botswanaapos;s economic growth has hinged on its abundant natural resources, particularly diamonds, which generate nearly half of its fiscal revenues. In terms of sustainable growth, this dependency on natural resources poses the biggest challenge for the country. To prepare Botswana for life after diamonds, the government developed a growth paradigm in its vision 2016 strategy document ...

Bodewig, Christian, Badiani-Magnusson, Reena, Macdonald, Kevin, Newhouse, David, Rutkowski, Jan. 2014-06-17; Washington, DC: World Bank.

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information technology; curriculum; labor markets; gender differences; educated workers; life skills; teacher workforce; continuous education; partnership with industry; human development; net enrollment; vocational school; literacy survey; instruction; classrooms; basic education; university degree; human resources; gross enrollment; school readiness; research institute; vocational schools; research institutes; academic subjects; access to secondary education; early childhood; adult literacy; access to preschool; educational activities; youth population; exam; tuition; vocational education; school quality; job opportunities; early stimulation; parity; public school; decision making; disadvantaged children; parental involvement; higher education systems; career choices; enrollment rates; training programs; formal education; early childhood development; child malnutrition; problem solving; education systems; student assessment; preschool enrollment; teachers; skills development; trainees; higher education; college education; skill acquisition; teacher qualification; school hours; primary education access; assessment methods; student assessment systems; tuition fees; educated workforce; quality standards; disciplines; school year; quality preschool; height for age; educators; returns to education; tertiary education enrollments; education programs; formal schooling; cognitive skills; primary school; age cohort; quality of education; education for all; readers; quality assurance; training needs; general education; rural areas; problem-solving skills; enrollment; gross enrollment rates; ethnic minority; university graduates; academic degrees; literacy assessment; higher education students; primary school teachers; professional development; critical thinkers; training institutes; learning outcomes; primary teachers; occupational skills; young people; computer skills; active learning; future students; education for children; basic education system; accreditation; tertiary education; education system; access to preschool education; education authorities; textbooks; access to primary education; career guidance; creative thinking; secondary school; primary schools; social development; education outcomes; adults; university admissions; gross enrollments; higher levels of education; leadership; nutrition; teacher; personality; human capital formation; early childhood education; educational achievement; curricula; careers; vocational training; textbook; investments in education; education sector; sports; quality education; basic skills; literacy; language literacy; higher education institutions; reading; lifelong learning; critical thinking; foundation skills; numeracy; school classrooms; training institutions; learning; ethnic minority children; ministry of education; graduates with skills; career; primary students; teacher training; scholarship programs; universities; caregivers; number of teachers; background papers; education development; school students; teacher training colleges; group learning; preprimary education; interventions; national examinations; skill development; advanced skills; university college; lower secondary education; classroom; advanced training; knowledge base; social skills; school survey; academic knowledge; skilled workforce; cognitive development; teaching methods; skilled teachers; basic literacy; youth; literature; labor force; education curriculum; educational attainment; human capital; barriers to education; school principals; curriculum content; technical skills; access to information; teaching; job training; public expenditure; tuition fee; quality of education programs; adult life; skills for employment; professional training; skills acquisition; quality schooling; fee waivers; inadequate curricula

Abstract :

Education has played an important role in making Vietnam a development success story over the last 20 years. In the 1990s and early 2000s Vietnam experienced rapid economic growth. The accelerated growth was driven predominantly by productivity increases that came in the wake of a rapid shift of employment from low-productivity agriculture to higher-productivity nonfarm jobs. Vietnam's ...

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