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J. Cappelle. 2008; Oxfam. English.

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Agrovoc Terms :

european union (eu); farm gate prices; international supply chain; trade policy.agriculture; cocoa; trade policy; cocoa production; west africa; agriculture and food; cocoa farmer; cocoa market price; cocoa supply chain; sustainable cocoa economy

Abstract :

The cocoa tree is an important source of income for millions of farming families in West Africa, the largest supplier of cocoa. Cocoa is traded through a local and international supply chain, and is marketed as a variety of products at different stages in the chain. This report contributes in various ways to the debate on a sustainable cocoa economy.<br /><br />The cocoa supply chain includes ...

marc j. j. janssens, stephan f. weise, howard-yana shapiro, denis j. sonwa, goetz schroth. 2018 English.

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Agrovoc Terms :

components; stratification; agroforestry; farmers; stakeholders; storage; trees; space; products; understorey; companies; intensification; composition; systems; carbon; plants; beans; farming; timber; agronomy; farming systems; area; needs; biodiversity; density; landscape conservation; shade; theobroma cacao; services; climate; forest management; forests; cocoa; deforestation; plantations; agronomy and crop science; varieties; management; livelihoods; farms; orchards; fields; forestry; landscape

Abstract :

, Stephan F. Weise, Goetz Schroth, Marc J. J. Janssens, Howard-Yana Shapiro et al., 'Structure of cocoa farming systems in West and Central Africa: a review', Agroforestry Systems, 93, 5, pp.2009-2025, Springer Nature, 2018

ghana cocoa board. 2018 English.

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Agrovoc Terms :

trust; production; industry; training; farmers; stakeholders; research; agriculture; productivity; beans; guidelines; initiatives; state; climate change; processes; length; cocoa (plant); health; climate; produce; sustainability; lead; agents; certification; materials; good practices; organizations; growth; handling; information; time; climate-smart agriculture

Abstract :

Ghana Cocoa Board, 'Manual for cocoa extension in Ghana', 2018

Vitola, V., Latvia Univ. of Agriculture, Ciprovica, I., Latvia Univ. of Agriculture. Scientific journal of Latvia University of Agriculture, 2256-0939. jun2016. English.

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Type :

Web site

Agrovoc Terms :

qualite des aliments; peroxyde; letonia; innocuite des produits alimentaires; feve de cacao; heavy metals; oxidative stability; food quality; peroxidos; methode statistique; composicion quimica; confectionery; peroxides; stabilite oxydative; oligoelementos; trace elements; patisserie confiserie; metodos estadisticos; pasteleria-confiteria; latvia; tecnicas analiticas; composition chimique; cocoa beans; calidad de los alimentos; estabilidad oxidativa; inocuidad alimentaria; lettonie; technique analytique; analytical methods; food safety; metales pesados; semilla de cacao; metal lourd; oligo-element; chemical composition; statistical methods

Abstract :

The aim of the study was to evaluate cocoa beans quality produced in Cameroon, Ecuador, Nigeria and Ghana from safety position determining heavy and trace metals concentration and evaluating the oxidative stability of confectionery products prototypes (trials) with analysing cocoa beans. For evaluation of oxidative stability of confectionery products, the main ingredients - butter and cocoa be ...

Dharmaputra, O.S., Sunjaya, Retnowati, I., Ambarwati, S.. Biotropia (Indonesia), 0216-5023. 2000. English.

Type :

Summary

Agrovoc Terms :

stored products pests; fermentacion; cocoa beans; denrees entreposees; fatty acids; feve de cacao; productos almacenados; acidos grasos; plagas de productos almacenados; quality; infestation; cadra cautella; ravageur des denrees entreposees; acide gras; semilla de cacao; fermentation; infestacion; qualite; stored products; calidad

Abstract :

The effects of fermentation on Ephestia cautella population and cocoa beans quality in terms of moisture content, fungal population, the percentage of insect-damaged and mouldy beans, lipid and free fatty acid contents during storage were investigated together with the effects of E. cautella infestation on the quality of stored cocoa beans and weight loss. Fermented and unfermented cocoa beans ...

Jagoret, Patrick, Malézieux, Eric, Lauri, Pierre-Eric, Saj, Stéphane. 2019; CIRAD. English.

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Type :

Conference

Agrovoc Terms :

adaptation aux changements climatiques; agriculture durable; système de production; biodiversité; theobroma cacao; agroforesterie

Abstract :

A large part of the world cocoa production is provided by multifunctional agroforestry systems (AFS). Despite their ability to provide a large range of ecosystem services (ES), eg. biodiversity, carbon sequestration, crop production, these systems were however long considered inefficient in terms of cocoa yield and, thus, neglected by agronomists. Our studies are carried out in Cameroon on far ...

Jagoret P., Michel-Dounias I., Snoeck D., Todem Ngnogue H., Malézieux E.. Agroforestry Systems. 2012.

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Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

innovation; fertilite du sol; rendement des cultures; foret; agroforesterie; theobroma cacao; prairie; biodiversite; imperata cylindrica; intensification; petite exploitation agricole; cameroun centre. foret galerie; cameroun; savane; foret tropicale

Abstract :

Cocoa cultivation is generally considered to foster deforestation. Contrary to this view, in the forest-savannah interface area in Cameroon, farmers have planted cocoa agroforestry systems on Imperata cylindrica grasslands, a soil-climate zone generally considered unsuitable for cocoa cultivation. We undertook a survey to understand the agricultural and ecological bases of this innovation. Age ...

agriculture and food security cgiar research program on climate change. 2018 English.

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Agrovoc Terms :

data; production; adaptation; scale; industry; learning; crops; stakeholders; enterprises; growers; supply; viability; agriculture; smallholders; companies; world; productivity; initiatives; profit; resilience; climate change; development; strategies; cocoa (plant); agencies; climate; countries; households; analysis; forests; sustainability; radar; tests; management; livelihoods; organizations; information; risk; accounts; communities

Abstract :

Agriculture and Food Security CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, 'Inception Report: Feed the Future for Climate-Smart Cocoa Program', 2018

Terink, J.L.. Cocoa and Coconut: Progress and Outlook. 1986. English.

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Type :

Other

Conference :

International Conference on Cocoa and Coconuts: Progress and Outlook, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) - 15-17 Oct, 1984

Agrovoc Terms :

cacao (plant); cacao; beurre/ qualite; theobroma cacao; mantequilla/ calidad; chocolate

Abstract :

As far as the selection of new cocoa varieties was concerned the chocolate industry had traditionally greater influence than the cocoa powder and cocoa butter industry (cocoa press industry). Possibly thwas was because the chocolate industry could influence less the taste than the cocoa press industry, which could use processes such as alkalizing and deodorizing. The standards which the chocol ...

Jagoret, Patrick, Todem Ngnogue, Hervé, Malézieux, Eric, Michel, Isabelle. 2018 English.

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Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

technique de culture; ressource forestière; rendement des cultures; modélisation des cultures; pratique culturale; theobroma cacao; agroforesterie; production végétale intégrée

Abstract :

Since its origins, cocoa growing has gone through a series of crises and booms, with a shift in production areas at the expense of tropical forests. Nowadays, the recent sharp rise in the global demand for cocoa more than ever calls into question the future of these forest resources. Nevertheless, in contrast with the dominant technical models, often unsustainable, part of global cocoa growing ...

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