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Taher, S.. 1996; Taher. English.

Agrovoc Terms :

sulawesi; simulation; stimulant crops; linear programming; small farms; kleine landbouwbedrijven; cacao; farm management; celebes; operationeel onderzoek; simulatie; work flow; opwekkende planten; besluitvorming; bedrijfsvoering; theobroma cacao; werkschema; lineair programmeren; cocoa; innovaties; innovations; agrarische bedrijfsvoering; management; operations research; decision making

Abstract :

The objectives of the study were to expand present knowledge on the technology adoption and application rates for production inputs and fermentation processing related to farmers' decision- making, and to formulate an optimal technology application policy, particularly for smallholder cocoa farmers. To achieve these objectives it is necessary to understand factors that are associated with farm ...

Quarmine, W.. 2013; Wageningen UR. English.

Agrovoc Terms :

opwekkende planten; agricultural policy; cocoa beans; kwaliteit; stimulant crops; landbouwbeleid; theobroma cacao; cocoa; ghana; quality; certification; cacao; bewonersparticipatie; certificering; cacaobonen; community participation

Abstract :

Cocoa beans from Ghana have a reputation of being of consistent quality. As such they sell at a premium on the international market. As a result of this quality reputation, Ghana is able to sell over 70% of its annual produce in forward markets. This trading practice ensures that farmers are protected from price fluctuation in the international market. Consequently, farmers, buyers, scientis ...

J. Cappelle. 2008; Oxfam. English.

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Agrovoc Terms :

european union (eu); farm gate prices; international supply chain; trade policy.agriculture; cocoa; trade policy; cocoa production; west africa; agriculture and food; cocoa farmer; cocoa market price; cocoa supply chain; sustainable cocoa economy

Abstract :

The cocoa tree is an important source of income for millions of farming families in West Africa, the largest supplier of cocoa. Cocoa is traded through a local and international supply chain, and is marketed as a variety of products at different stages in the chain. This report contributes in various ways to the debate on a sustainable cocoa economy.<br /><br />The cocoa supply chain includes ...

marc j. j. janssens, stephan f. weise, howard-yana shapiro, denis j. sonwa, goetz schroth. 2018 English.

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Agrovoc Terms :

components; stratification; agroforestry; farmers; stakeholders; storage; trees; space; products; understorey; companies; intensification; composition; systems; carbon; plants; beans; farming; timber; agronomy; farming systems; area; needs; biodiversity; density; landscape conservation; shade; theobroma cacao; services; climate; forest management; forests; cocoa; deforestation; plantations; agronomy and crop science; varieties; management; livelihoods; farms; orchards; fields; forestry; landscape

Abstract :

, Stephan F. Weise, Goetz Schroth, Marc J. J. Janssens, Howard-Yana Shapiro et al., 'Structure of cocoa farming systems in West and Central Africa: a review', Agroforestry Systems, 93, 5, pp.2009-2025, Springer Nature, 2018

ghana cocoa board. 2018 English.

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Agrovoc Terms :

trust; production; industry; training; farmers; stakeholders; research; agriculture; productivity; beans; guidelines; initiatives; state; climate change; processes; length; cocoa (plant); health; climate; produce; sustainability; lead; agents; certification; materials; good practices; organizations; growth; handling; information; time; climate-smart agriculture

Abstract :

Ghana Cocoa Board, 'Manual for cocoa extension in Ghana', 2018

Vitola, V., Latvia Univ. of Agriculture, Ciprovica, I., Latvia Univ. of Agriculture. Scientific journal of Latvia University of Agriculture, 2256-0939. jun2016. English.

Type :

Web site

Agrovoc Terms :

qualite des aliments; peroxyde; letonia; innocuite des produits alimentaires; feve de cacao; heavy metals; oxidative stability; food quality; peroxidos; methode statistique; composicion quimica; confectionery; peroxides; stabilite oxydative; oligoelementos; trace elements; patisserie confiserie; metodos estadisticos; pasteleria-confiteria; latvia; tecnicas analiticas; composition chimique; cocoa beans; calidad de los alimentos; estabilidad oxidativa; inocuidad alimentaria; lettonie; technique analytique; analytical methods; food safety; metales pesados; semilla de cacao; metal lourd; oligo-element; chemical composition; statistical methods

Abstract :

The aim of the study was to evaluate cocoa beans quality produced in Cameroon, Ecuador, Nigeria and Ghana from safety position determining heavy and trace metals concentration and evaluating the oxidative stability of confectionery products prototypes (trials) with analysing cocoa beans. For evaluation of oxidative stability of confectionery products, the main ingredients - butter and cocoa be ...

Dharmaputra, O.S., Sunjaya, Retnowati, I., Ambarwati, S.. Biotropia (Indonesia), 0216-5023. 2000. English.

Type :

Summary

Agrovoc Terms :

stored products pests; fermentacion; cocoa beans; denrees entreposees; fatty acids; feve de cacao; productos almacenados; acidos grasos; plagas de productos almacenados; quality; infestation; cadra cautella; ravageur des denrees entreposees; acide gras; semilla de cacao; fermentation; infestacion; qualite; stored products; calidad

Abstract :

The effects of fermentation on Ephestia cautella population and cocoa beans quality in terms of moisture content, fungal population, the percentage of insect-damaged and mouldy beans, lipid and free fatty acid contents during storage were investigated together with the effects of E. cautella infestation on the quality of stored cocoa beans and weight loss. Fermented and unfermented cocoa beans ...

Jagoret, Patrick, Malézieux, Eric, Lauri, Pierre-Eric, Saj, Stéphane. 2019; CIRAD. English.

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Type :

Conference

Agrovoc Terms :

adaptation aux changements climatiques; agriculture durable; système de production; biodiversité; theobroma cacao; agroforesterie

Abstract :

A large part of the world cocoa production is provided by multifunctional agroforestry systems (AFS). Despite their ability to provide a large range of ecosystem services (ES), eg. biodiversity, carbon sequestration, crop production, these systems were however long considered inefficient in terms of cocoa yield and, thus, neglected by agronomists. Our studies are carried out in Cameroon on far ...

Gusli, S., Zakaria, B., Sakri, Muliadi, Toleng, L.. 4. Malaysian International Cocoa Conference, , Sunway Pyramid Convention Centre, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 18-19 Jul 2005; 2006; Malaysian Cocoa Board English.

Type :

Conference

Conference :

4. Malaysian International Cocoa Conference, , Sunway Pyramid Convention Centre, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 18-19 Jul 2005

Agrovoc Terms :

profitability; sulawesi; explotacion en pequena escala; goats; abonos inorganicos; engrais mineral; caprinos; rentabilite; rentabilidad; small farms; systeme d'exploitation agricole; gestion des dechets; petite exploitation agricole; celebes; inorganic fertilizers; waste management; sistemas de explotacion; manejo de desechos; farming systems; caprin

Abstract :

Fertilizers are important in cocoa production, but to most farmers in Sulawesi fertilizers are expensive. We conducted an experiment aimed at (1) studying the potential of agricultural wastes from cocoa farms as food for goats; and (2) assessing quantity and quality of goats' manure to support cocoa production and its significance to cocoa yield increase and profitability. Nine composition of ...

Jagoret P., Michel-Dounias I., Snoeck D., Todem Ngnogue H., Malézieux E.. Agroforestry Systems. 2012.

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Type :

Journal Article

Agrovoc Terms :

innovation; fertilite du sol; rendement des cultures; foret; agroforesterie; theobroma cacao; prairie; biodiversite; imperata cylindrica; intensification; petite exploitation agricole; cameroun centre. foret galerie; cameroun; savane; foret tropicale

Abstract :

Cocoa cultivation is generally considered to foster deforestation. Contrary to this view, in the forest-savannah interface area in Cameroon, farmers have planted cocoa agroforestry systems on Imperata cylindrica grasslands, a soil-climate zone generally considered unsuitable for cocoa cultivation. We undertook a survey to understand the agricultural and ecological bases of this innovation. Age ...

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